Today's History Trivia for April 10
1953 First Full-Length 3-D Color Movie from a Major Studio The House of Wax from Warner Bros. starring Vincent Price, premiers in New York City. The audience was required to wear special Polaroid viewers.
1815 The Year Without a Summer Mount Tambora on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia erupts. It is the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. The explosion was heard more than 2,000 km (1,200 miles) away. It released sulfur dioxide (SO2) into the stratosphere, causing global climate anomalies including the phenomenon known as "volcanic winter." Average global temperatures decreased about 0.4–0.7 °C (0.7–1.3 °F). 1816 became known as the "Year Without a Summer" because of the effect on North American and European weather. The volcanic fallout ruined agricultural productivity in the local region causing massive deaths due to starvation and disease. The death toll was at least 71,000 people, of whom 11,000–12,000 were killed directly by the eruption. Crops failed and livestock died in much of the Northern Hemisphere, resulting in the worst famine of the 19th century. It was also known as "Eighteen Hundred and Froze to Death."
2003 Iraq War White House spokesman Ari Fleisher states, "But make no mistake - as I said earlier - we have high confidence that they have weapons of mass destruction. That is what this war was about and it is about. And we have high confidence it will be found."
1994 Rodney King beating King is awarded $3.8 million in damages from the city of Los Angeles. He became a national symbol of police brutality after he was videotaped being beaten by L.A. police in 1991.
1992 National Hockey League The first strike of the NHL ends. It had lasted for nine days.
1988 America's Most Wanted debuts on FOX.
1985 Unicorn Hoax The four "unicorns" at the Ringling Bros. circus are revealed to be goats with surgically altered horns.
1976 The Great Tamale Incident U.S. President Gerald Ford, while touring the Alamo, bites into a tamale stilled wrapped in its husk. This culinary faux pas didn't help his image as a bumbler.
1963 Nuclear submarine sinks U.S. Navy's Thresher sinks off the coast of Massachusetts killing all 129 people aboard.
1957 Ricky Nelson play the drums for the first time on The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, making him an instant teen-idol.
1926 Superman arrives on the planet Earth according to the first of episode of The Adventures of Superman.
1866 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is incorporated in New York by Henry Bergh.
1865 Civil War Pres. Lincoln receives the news of Lee's surrender to Grant.
1849 Safety pin patent is issued to Walter Hunt, although it been invented more than 2,500 years earlier.
1845 Great Fire of Pittsburgh The Pennsylvania town is almost entirely destroyed by fire.
1841 First Issue the New York Tribune, founded by Horace Greeley.
Today's Birthdays for April 10
1921 Chuck Connors d. 1992 (Kevin Joseph Aloysius Connors), American 6 ft 5 in (196 cm) actor. Before acting he played for the Boston Celtics and became the first NBA player to shatter a backboard (1946). He went on to play baseball for the Brooklyn Dodgers and Chicago Cubs. TV: The Rifleman (1958-63, Lucas McCain) and Branded (1965-66, Jason McCord).
1897 Eric Knight d. 1943 British-American author. He created the character Lassie in a short story published in the Saturday Evening Post (1938), which he expanded in the novel Lassie Come Home (1940). He was killed in a plane crash while on a mission in World War II. He became a U.S. citizen and a major in the U.S. Army Special Services shortly before his death.
1961 Jeb Adams American actor. TV: Baa Baa Black Sheep (1978, Lt. Jeb Pruitt).
1938 Don Meredith d. 2010 American football quarterback, sportscaster, actor, Lipton tea lover.
1936 John Madden American football coach and Emmy-winning Sportscaster.
1932 Omar Sharif d. 2015 (Michel Dimitri Chalhoub), Egyptian actor and world-class bridge player. Film: Lawrence of Arabia (1962) and Dr. Zhivago (1965).
1929 Max von Sydow (Carl Adolf von Sydow), Swedish-born actor. Film: The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965, Christ).
1927 Brumsic Brandon Jr d. 2014 American cartoonist. Creator of Luther (1969-86). Luther was one of the earliest mainstream comic strips to star an African-American in the lead role. Writings: Luther, from inner city.
1921 Sheb Wooley d. 2003 American actor, singer. Music: The Purple People Eater (1958, #1), and Hee Haw (cast member and wrote the theme song). TV: Rawhide (Pete Nolan).
1915 Harry Morgan d. 2011 (Harry Bratsburg), American actor. TV: Dragnet (Joe Friday's partner Bill Gannon) and M*A*S*H (Col. Sherman T. Potter).
1909 Andy Samuel d. 1992 American actor, one of the Little Rascals; he appeared in 19 Our Gang films as one of the oldest of the little gang members.
1880 Frances Perkins d. 1965 American politician, first woman U.S. presidential cabinet member (1933, F.D. Roosevelt's secretary of labor).
1868 George Arliss d. 1946 (George Augustus Andrews), British Oscar-winning actor. Film: Disraeli (1929, Oscar).
1847 Joseph Pulitzer d. 1911 American publisher. The terms of his will established the Pulitzer Prizes.
1829 William Booth d. 1912 English preacher, he and his wife Catherine founded the Salvation Army (1865).
1827 General Lew Wallace d. 1905 American politician, author. Writings: Ben Hur (1880), which he wrote while governor of the New Mexico territory.
1755 Samuel Hahnemann d. 1843 German physician, founder of homeopathic medicine, based on the "law of similars." This states that diseases can be cured by drugs which produce symptoms in healthy people that are similar to the symptoms being treated.
1727 Samuel Heinicke d. 1790 opened the first German institute for the deaf (1778).
Deaths for April 10
1962 Stuart Sutcliffe b. 1940 English musician. Bass guitarist for the Beatles before they became famous (May 1960 - August 1961). He is partially credited with coming up with the name of the group, when he jokingly suggesting "Beetles" as a play on Buddy Holly's Crickets.
2000 Larry Linville b. 1939 American actor. TV: M*A*S*H (1972-77, Maj. Frank Burns).
American Comedian, actor, former tent-revival preacher, "Ahh-ohhh-ahhh!" He was killed in a car accident 6 days after getting married. Film: Back to School.
1975 Marjorie Main b. 1890 (Mary Tomlinson), American actress. Ma of the Ma and Pa Kettle films (1947-55).
1954 Auguste Lumière b. 1862 French motion picture pioneer. He and his brother Louis developed the Cinématographe motion picture camera and projector.
1585 Gregory XIII b. 1502 (Ugo Buoncompagni), Italian religious leader, 226th Pope (1572-85). He congratulated King Gregory IX after he ordered the killing of thousands of Huguenots throughout France (1572). He also instituted the Gregorian calendar (1582).
879 Louis II b. 846 King of France (877-79). He was known as "The Stammerer."