Today's Holidays for April 16
Feast Day of St. Bernadette Celebrated especially at Lourdes, France where the location of healing waters was revealed to him.
Today's History Trivia for April 16
1943 First LSD Trip Swiss chemist, and co-discoverer of lysergic acid diethylamide (1938), Albert Hofmann accidently rubs against it and experiences "…an uninterrupted stream of fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of colors."
1862 Emancipation Day The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act ending slavery in Washington D.C. is signed by Abraham Lincoln. It allocated $300 per slave to compensate slave owners and to provided $100 to former slaves wishing to emigrate to other countries. It freed 3,185 slaves.
1996 Mad Cow Poke Disease Oprah does a segment on her show about mad cow disease, in which she states, "It has just stopped me cold from eating another burger." She was then sued by Texas cattleman claiming the show made false and disparaging remarks about beef. Oprah eventually won the lawsuit.
1994 First Woman Inducted into the National Comedy Hall of Fame Minnie Pearl, known for her trademark "Howdeeeee!" and price tag hanging from her hat, is inducted in.
1987 Genetic Engineering The U.S. government announces that new forms of animal life created through gene splicing are patentable.
1986 First U.S. birth of a surrogate test-tube baby At Mt. Sinai Hospital in Ohio.
1972 Lightning Strikes Roy C. Sullivan struck by lightning for the 4th of his record-breaking 7 times. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1955 Polio Vaccine Nationwide vaccinations against the disease begin, using the Salk vaccine.
1947 A French ship loaded with nitrate explodes in Texas City, Texas, leading to a series of fires and explosions, including a chemical plant, killing over 500 people and virtually destroying the town.
1926 The Book-of-the-Month Club is founded. Their first selection was Lolly Willowes, or the Loving Huntsman by Sylvia Townsend Warner.
1900 First Book Stamps Issued by the U.S. Post Office. They contained 12, 24, or 48 2¢ stamps.
Today's Birthdays for April 16
1917 Barry Nelson d. 2007 (Robert Nielsen), American actor. He played 007 in the 1954 live TV-version of Casino Royale making him the first James Bond. TV: My Favorite Husband (George Cooper).
1867 Wilbur Wright d. 1912 American aviator. He and his brother Orville are credited with building and flying the first manned heavier-than-air flying machine (1903). However, there is evidence that Gustave Whitehead made a powered, heavier-than-air-flight two years earlier.
1971 Selena d. 1995 (Selena Quintanilla Pérez), Mexican-American singer. She was murdered by the president of her fan club.
1963 Jimmy Osmond American singer, the youngest of The Osmonds.
1947 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor Jr.), American basketball player. He appeared in the movies Airplane (1980) and Fletch (1985). He was also Bruce Lee's ultimate opponent in Game of Death (1978).
1944 Greg Howard American cartoonist, attorney. Creator of Sally Forth (1982).
1935 Bobby Vinton American singer. Music: Roses Are Red (1962, #1) and Blue Velvet (1963, #1).
1927 Edie Adams d. 2008 (Elizabeth Edith Enke), American actress, singer. TV: The '60s Muriel cigar commercials - Why don't you pick one up and smoke it sometime?
1927 Benedict XVI (Joseph Alois Ratzinger), 265th Pope (2005-13). He resigned due to ill health. He was the first Pope to resign since Pope Gregory XII in 1415.
1924 Henry Mancini d. 1994 American Oscar-Grammy-winning composer. Music: Moon River (1961) and The Pink Panther (1964).
1921 Peter Ustinov d. 2004 British Oscar-Emmy-Grammy winning actor. Film: Spartacus (1960, Oscar) and Topkapi (1964, Oscar).
1890 Billy De Beck d. 1942 (William Morgan De Beck), American cartoonist, created Barney Google (1919) and Snuffy Smith (1934).
1844 Anatole France d. 1924 (Jacques Anatole Thibault), French Nobel-winning author. Writings: Penguin Island (1908), The Gods Are Athirst (1912), and Revolt of the Angels (1913).
1660 Sir Hans Sloane d. 1753 English physician. Upon his death, he gave a collection of items which formed the nucleus of the British Museum.
1127 Saint Felix of Valois d. 1212 French Monk and hermit. Co-founder with with Saint John of Matha of the Trinitarians (c1197). The Trinitarians were originally devoted to freeing Christian slaves from Muslim captivity.
Deaths for April 16
1850 Madame Tussaud b. 1761 (Marie Grosholtz), French wax sculptor. Her wax museum (founded 1835) is one of the major tourist attractions in London, and now has branches in Amsterdam, Hong Kong, Las Vegas, Copenhagen and New York City. She was imprisoned for being a royalist during the French Revolution and sentenced to execution by guillotine. However, she was saved for her talents in wax and employed to make death masks of the victims of the guillotine, including Marie Antoinette, Marat, and Robespierre.
2013 George Beverly Shea b. 1909 gospel singer, featured performer for the Billy Graham ministry. Due to the Billy Graham's Crusades, Shea has sung live before more people than anyone else in history.
2002 Robert Urich b. 1946 American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Vega$ (Dan Tanna) and Spencer: For Hire (title role).
1994 Ralph Waldo Ellison b. 1913 American author. His book Invisible Man (1952) about an African-American man whose color renders him invisible, chronicling a black man's humiliations in the South and Harlem won the National Book Award.
1992 Neville Brand b. 1920 American actor. TV: Laredo (Ranger Reese Bennett) and The Untouchables (Al Capone).
1991 Sir David Lean b. 1908 British director, whose films have won 28 Oscars. Film: Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), and Dr. Zhivago (1965).
1985 Scott Brady b. 1924 (Gerald Tierney), American actor. He turned down the role of Archie Bunker on All in the Family. TV: Laverne & Shirley (Shirley Feeney's dad).
1904 Samuel Smiles b. 1812 Scottish author. Writings: Thrift (1875), containing the adage "A place for everything, and everything in its place."
1828 Francisco Goya b. 1746 (Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes), Spanish painter.