Today's History Trivia for April 17
1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion Led by Cuban exiles, trained, armed, and directed by the U.S., in effort to overthrow Castro. It failed. The invading force was quickly defeated by the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces, under the command of Prime Minister Fidel Castro.
1982 World record for standing on one foot 34 hours, is set by N. Ravi (India). Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1943 First Soldier's Medal Awarded to a Woman Nurse Edith Greenwood exhibits heroism in saving patient's lives during an Arizona hospital fire, for which she was awarded the medal the following June.
1861 Civil War Virginia becomes the 8th state to secede from the Union. Source: The Civil War Day by Day
1777 Thomas Paine The American patriot is elected Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
1610 Henry Hudson The famed explorer sets sail on his fateful voyage to find a North-West passage. His crew would mutiny 14 months later, setting him adrift never to be heard from again.
Today's Birthdays for April 17
Leo M. Frank
American factory worker. He was convicted of murdering 14-year-old Mary Phagan. Although sentenced to death, after reviewing the evidence the governor commuted his sentence to life in prison. Angered by the change in sentencing, a mob kidnapped him from prison and lynched him. The lynch mob was said to include prominent citizens, including former Georgia Governor Joseph Mackey Brown. Nobody was ever charged in the lynching.
1957 Teri Austin Canadian actress. TV: Knots Landing (1979, Jill Bennett). Film: Raising Cain (1992, Karen).
1923 Harry Reasoner d. 1991 American newscaster (What do you get if you cross a gorilla with a computer?).
1905 Arthur Lake d. 1987 (Arthur Silverlake), American actor. He played Dagwood Bumstead on radio, TV, and the movies.
1897 Thornton Wilder d. 1975 American Pulitzer-winning novelist, playwright. Writings: The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1927, Pulitzer), Our Town (1938, Pulitzer), and The Skin of Our Teeth (1942, Pulitzer). Quote: "Marriage is the price men pay for sex; sex is the price women pay for marriage."
1893 Irene Castle d. 1969 American dancer. She and her husband Vernon popularized the Fox-trot dance (c1912).
1891 George Adamski d. 1965 Polish-American extraterrestrial abductee. Some regard him as the first modern abductee.
1837 John Pierpont Morgan d. 1913 American financier, co-founder of U.S. Steel (1901).
1823 Mifflin Wister Gibbs d. 1915 American judge. First black elected judge in the U.S. (1873, Little Rock, Arkansas). In 1858, angered by California passing discriminatory laws preventing blacks from owning property, not allowing them to give evidence against a white person in court, and requiring them to wear badges showing they had paid for the privilege to live there, he moved to British Columbia. He would later move back to the U.S.
1741 Samuel Chase d. 1811 American Revolutionary leader, signer of the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Supreme Court justice.
1497 Pedro de Valdivia d. 1553 Spanish conquistador and first Governor of Chile, founder of Santiago, Concepción, and Valdivia. He was killed during a campaign against the Araucanian Indians. Legend has it that the Araucanians captured and executed him by pouring molten gold down his throat to satisfy his thirst for treasures.
Deaths for April 17
2003 Masha and Dasha Krivoshlyapova b. 1950 Russian Siamese twins. The only known Siamese twins having 2 heads, 4 arms, and 3 legs. After Masha died of a heart attack, Dasha refused to be separated and died 17 hours later. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1790 Benjamin Franklin b. 1706 Signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the U.S., and for whom the short-lived State of Franklin was named.
2016 Doris Roberts b. 1925 (Doris May Green), American Emmy-winning actress. TV: Remington Steele (1983-87, secretary Mildred Krebs) and Everybody Loves Raymond (1996–2005, Raymond's mother).
2007 Kitty Carlisle b. 1910 (Catherine Conn), American actress, singer. TV: To Tell the Truth (panelist). Film: A Night at the Opera (1935) and Six Degrees of Separation (1992).
1998 Linda McCartney b. 1941 American photographer, singer, wife of Paul (1969‑).
1960 Eddie Cochran b. 1938 American musician. Music: Summertime Blues (1958).
1843 Samuel Morey b. 1762 American inventor. He patented the first U.S. internal combustion engine. It was later used to power the first automobile ride in the U.S. (The second in the world).
1680 Kateri Tekakwitha b. 1656 Mohawk Indian. She was the first American Indian beatified by the Catholic Church (1980).
858 Benedict III b. ???? Italian religious leader, 104th Pope (855-858).
485 Proclus b. 412 Greek mathematician. He discovered that with a given point only one line can be drawn which is parallel to another given line.