Today's History Trivia for April 28
1945 Mussolini Executed The Italian fascist dictator is killed by firing squad. The following day his body, along with other fascists including his mistress, was hanged for exhibit in Milan's main square. He was caught while trying to escape Italy.
1789 Mutiny on the Bounty Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny against his commanding officer William Bligh of the HMS Bounty, placing Bligh and some of his crew adrift on an open boat. Bligh survived a 47-day 3,600-mile voyage to safety. Christian and the crew landed at Pitcairn Island where the lived out their lives.
1993 Jesse James The gun used to kill the famous outlaw is auctioned for $164,000.
1992 Killer Bees The Africanized bees reach San Antonio, Texas, the first U.S. metropolitan area reached by the bees.
1992 A supernova which occurred five billion light-years from Earth, is detected by British and U.S. astronomers in the Canary Islands.
1939 First U.S. made miniature automobile goes on sale, a Crosley measuring 10 feet long with an 80-inch wheel base. Macy's sold them out of their basement.
1897 Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians cede their lands to the U.S.
1890 First state employment service is established, by Ohio. The first office opened in June.
1855 First U.S. Veterinary College Boston Veterinary Institute is incorporated.
1788 Maryland becomes the 7th state.
1780 First known advertisement for an abortion clinic in Britain's Morning Post.
Today's Birthdays for April 28
1937 Saddam Hussein d. 2006 Iraqi president (1979-2003). He was hanged to death for crimes against humanity for the 1982 actions against the residents of Dujail, which included the murder of 148 people. These actions were in retaliation to an assassination attempt against him.
1908 Oskar Schindler d. 1974 German industrialist. In 1940, he and his wife saved 1,200 Jews from concentration camps by convincing the Nazis to allow them to work in a factory they ran in Poland. They spent most their wealth bribing German officials in order to keep the Jewish workers safe. Their lives are the basis for the movie Schindler's List (1993).
1758 James Monroe d. 1831 5th U.S. President (1817-25). He was the last president among the Founding Fathers of the U.S. As a delegate to the Virginia convention, he opposed ratification of the U.S. Constitution, claiming it gave too much power to the central government.
1980 Bradley "Wiggo" Wiggins British cyclist. He is the only cyclist to have won both World and Olympic championships on both the track and the road, as well as winning the Tour de France, and holding the track hour record. He has won a British record of eight Olympic gold medals and is his country's first Tour de France winner.
1976 Michael Patterson fictional character in the comic strip For Better or For Worse.
1950 Jay Leno American comedian. TV: The Tonight Show.
1948 Marcia Strassman d. 2014 American actress. TV: Welcome Back, Kotter (1975-79, Gabe's wife Julie) and M*A*S*H (Nurse Margie Cutler). Film: Honey, I Shrunk the Kids (1989, the mom).
1941 Ann-Margret (Ann-Margret Olsson), Swedish-born actress, singer, dancer. Film: Carnal Knowledge (1971) and Tommy (1975).
1930 James A. Baker III American politician, former Secretary of State.
1926 Harper Lee d. 2016 (Nelle Harper Lee), American author. Writings: To Kill a Mockingbird (1960, Pulitzer).
1916 Ferruccio Lamborghini d. 1993 Italian sports car manufacturer. He opened his factory in 1963, building such models as the Miura SV and Countach.
Kurt Friedrich Gödel
Austrian-born American mathematician. He is considered to be one of the most significant logicians in history. His two incompleteness theorems (1931) of mathematical logic demonstrate the inherent limitations of every formal axiomatic system containing basic arithmetic.
1878 Lionel Barrymore d. 1954 American Oscar-winning actor. Film: A Free Soul (1931, Oscar) and in the Dr. Kildare movies (as Dr. Gillespie).
1442 Edward IV d. 1483 King of England (1461-83).
Deaths for April 28
Bosnian Serb revolutionary. He assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife the Duchess of Hohenberg, in Sarajevo in 1914. In retaliation, Austria-Hungary then invaded Serbia, which led to World War I.
1999 Rory Calhoun b. 1922 (Francis Timothy McCown), American actor. TV: The Texan (Bill Longley).
1992 Francis Bacon b. 1909 British artist. One of the leading artists of the 20th century.
1991 Ken Curtis b. 1916 (Curtis Gates), American actor. TV: Gunsmoke (Festus).
1980 Tommy Caldwell b. 1949 American singer, formed the Marshall Tucker Band (1973-1980). Music: Take the Highway (1973) and Heard It in a Love Song (1977). He died from injuries suffered in a Jeep crash. His brother had died in a traffic accident one month earlier.
1970 Ed Begley b. 1901 American Oscar-winning actor. Film: Sweet Bird of Youth (1962, Oscar) and 12 Angry Men (1957, juror #10).