Today's History Trivia for April 30
1993 Monica Seles Stabbed The #1 ranked women's tennis player is stabbed in the back during a tournament in Germany. Her attacker, Günter Parche, didn't want her to compete against Steffi Graf. He stabbed Seles between her shoulder blades to a depth of 1.5 cm (0.59 inches), narrowly missing her spinal cord. Her attacker was sentenced to two years probation and psychiatric treatment. Although, her injuries weren't physically severe, she did not return to competitive tennis for more than two years. See Video
1945 Hitler Commits Suicide The German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and his newly-wed bride Eva Braun reportedly commit suicide by taking cyanide capsules. Their bodies were taken to the garden outside, doused in petrol, and set on fire. Some accounts say Hitler shot himself as he bit down the cyanide capsule. In 2009, DNA tests were conducted on a skull Soviet officials had long believed to be Hitler's. The tests and examination revealed that the skull was actually that of a woman less than 40 years old. Hitler and Eva Braun were married the previous day.
1997 Ellen DeGeneres' character comes out of the closet on the TV sitcom Ellen.
1993 Longest time between the birth of triplets A Vancouver, British Columbia woman delivers the first of her triplets. The other two were born 45 days later.
1975 Vietnam War - Fall of Saigon The South Vietnam capital is captured the People's Army of Vietnam, marking the end of the Vietnam War and the unification of the country under communist rule.
1973 Top Nixon aids, H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and Richard Kleindienst resign amid charges of White House efforts to obstruct justice in the Watergate case.
1943 World War II, Dead Man's Bluff The Allies plant a corpse with fictitious classified documents indicating a pending invasion of Sardinia, Greece. Hitler fell for the rouse. The Allies then took Sicily, the real point of attack, which was under defended because of the buildup in Sardinia for the fake invasion.
1939 Lou Gehrig plays the last of his record 2,130 consecutive major-league games.
1900 Hawaii becomes a U.S. Territory.
1878 Germs Louis Pasteur lectures at the French Academy of Science in favor of his theory that many diseases are caused by tiny organisms. He was met with skepticism by many scientists of the day.
1812 Louisiana becomes the 18th state.
1803 Louisiana Purchase 828,000 square miles of land are purchased from France for $15,000,000.
1598 First Theatrical Performance in North America A Spanish comedy given near present day El Paso.
Today's Birthdays for April 30
1953 Merrill Osmond American singer. Music: One Bad Apple (1971, #1) and Go Away Little Girl (1971, #1).
1944 Jill Clayburgh d. 2010 American actress. Film: An Unmarried Woman (1978). TV: Search For Tomorrow (1969, brain tumor victim Grace Bolton).
1938 Gary Collins d. 2012 American Emmy-winning actor, talk-show host. TV: Hour Magazine (1980-88), The Home Show (1989-94), and Miss America Pageant (1982-90, host).
1933 Willie Nelson American singer, Country Music Hall of Famer. Music: Blue Eyes Cryin' in the Rain (1975, #1), Good Hearted Woman (1976, #1), and On The Road Again (1980).
1926 Cloris Leachman American Oscar-winning actress. Film: The Last Picture Show (1971) and Young Frankenstein (1974). She was a runner-up in the 1946 Miss America Pageant.
1923 Al Lewis d. 2006 (Albert Meister), American actor. TV: Car 54, Where Are You? (Leo) and The Munsters (Sam Dracula, aka Grandpa).
1908 Eve Arden d. 1990 (Eunice Quedens), Emmy-winning actress. TV: Our Miss Brooks (1952-56, title role). She also starred in the radio and film versions of Our Miss Brooks. She was the winner of the very first Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series (1953, Our Miss Brooks).
1857 Eugen Bleuler d. 1939 Swiss psychiatrist. He coined the term "Schizophrenia" (1908, schizo=split, phrene=mind). He also coined the terms "ambivalence" (1911) and "autism" (1912).
1777 Karl Friedrich Gauss d. 1855 German mathematician, astronomer. The magnetic unit of flux density "Gauss" is named for him. He also devised the method of least squares used in statistics.
1662 Mary II d. 1694 Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689-94). She died of smallpox.
Deaths for April 30
1945 Adolf Hitler b. 1889 German Nazi leader. Started World War II by invading Poland (1939) and was Time magazine's 1938 "Man of the Year." It is reported he committed suicide with his mistress, whom he had married the day before, although their bodies were never found.
1879 Sarah Josepha Hale b. 1788 American author. Writings: the nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb (1830). She founded the Seaman's Aid Society (1833) to assist the families of Boston sailors who died at sea.
1792 John Montagu b. 1718 English diplomat. 4th Earl of Sandwich, for whom the Sandwich Islands are named, and inventor of the sandwich, which he devised as quick meal to allow him more time to gamble. The original sandwich was a piece of salt beef between two slices of toasted bread.
2007 Tom Poston b. 1921 American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Mork & Mindy (Mr. Bickley) and Newhart (handyman George Utley).
1994 Richard Scarry b. 1919 American children's author, creator of Lowly Worm. His 250 books sold over 100 million copies in over 30 languages. Writings: Best Word Book Ever (1965) and Cars and Trucks and Things That Go (1974).
1989 Sergio Leone b. 1929 Italian director of "Spaghetti Westerns." Film: A Fistful of Dollars (1964) and The Good the Bad and the Ugly (1966), and Once Upon a Time in America (1984).
1989 Guy Williams b. 1924 (Armando Catalano), American actor. TV: Zorro (title role) and Lost in Space (Dr. John Robinson).
1983 Muddy Waters b. 1915 (McKinley Morganfield), American blues musician, "The Father of Chicago Blues."
1974 Agnes Moorehead b. 1900 American Emmy-winning actress. Film: Citizen Kane (1941), and The Magnificent Ambersons (1943). TV: Bewitched (Samantha's mother Endora). Her death was attributed to radiation exposure received from an A-bomb test near the filming of the movie The Conqueror in 1953.
1956 Alben William Barkley b. 1877 35th U.S. Vice-President (1949-53).
1941 Edwin Stanton Porter b. 1870 Italian-born American film director. Film: The Life of an American Fireman (1903, the first American film to use intercutting), The Great Train Robbery (1903, the first motion picture with a plot), and The Eternal City (1915).
1926 Bessie Coleman b. 1892 American daredevil aviator. She was the world's first black female aviator to obtain a pilot's license (1921). Her father was of mostly Cherokee descent, making her also the first female of native American descent to earn a pilot's license. U.S. pilot schools were unwilling to take a black female student, so she learned French and went to Paris to earn her license. She died in a plane crash while preparing for a show. While flying as a passenger with a student pilot, the plane suffered a mechanical failure and spun out of control. Not seat belted in, she fell out of the plane and plummeted to her death. The pilot died in the crash.
1790 Samuel Heinicke b. 1727 opened the first German institute for the deaf (1778).