Today's History Trivia for August 14
1975 Rocky Horror Picture Show The cult classic, starring Susan Sarandon, Barry Bostwick, Tim Curry, and Meat Loaf, premiers in the UK. The lyrics and story were written by Richard O'Brien, who also starred as Riff Raff the butler
1901 First Flight - Two Years BEFORE the Wright Brothers Gustave Whitehead makes the first publicized account of a powered-heavier-than-air flight. Reports were published in the New York Herald, and the Bridgeport Herald and was witnessed by several people, including a reporter for the Bridgeport Herald. Children and youngsters who were present signed affidavits about 30 years later about what they saw. Reports said he started on the wheels from a flat surface, flew 800 meters at a height of 15 meters, and landed softly on the wheels. This was two years before the Wright Brothers.
2126 End of the World? Swift-Tuttle comet approaches Earth. It has a 1 in 10,000 chance of colliding. If this were to occur it would probably end civilization.
1984 Personal Computer IBM introduces the Personal Computer AT (Advanced Technologies). It is approximately three to five times faster than the IBM XT.
1974 U.S. ban on private possession of gold is lifted when Pres. Ford signs a bill to take effect December 31. The 41-year-old ban had allowed only industrial and numismatic purchases.
1965 First black page for the U.S. House of Representatives 15-year-old Frank Mitchell is appointed by Republican Representative Paul Findley of Illinois.
A mail truck in Massachusetts is robbed of $1.5 million in cash. Known as "The Great Plymouth Mail Truck Robbery," it was up to that time the largest cash heist of all time. Two gunmen, dressed as police officers and brandishing guns, stopped a U.S. Mail truck that was delivering $1.5 million in small bills from Cape Cod to the Federal Reserve Bank in Boston, Massachusetts. They tied up the driver and guard and drove off in the truck, stopping to drop off money in various places. The truck and its two tied-up occupants were later abandoned. Shortly before the 5-year statute of limitations was to expire, four men and one woman were indicted for the robbery. One of the defendants disappeared right before trial and was never found. The other defendants were acquitted at trial. The money has never been recovered.
1959 First photograph of Earth taken from space The U.S. satellite Explorer VI takes its historic photo, showing a sun-lighted area of the Central Pacific ocean and its cloud cover.
1956 Royal Air Force UFO sighting A RAF fighter is followed by a UFO traveling at speeds of 600 m.p.h. The object was tracked by three separate ground radars. Source: Above Top Secret
1950 First Korean War hero buried in Arlington National Cemetery 2nd Lt. Howell Garrone Thomas, Jr. is buried.
1947 Pakistan Pakistan gains its independence from Britain..
1941 Atlantic Charter Pres. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill sign an agreement outlining their hopes for a better future for the world.
1936 First Olympic basketball championship The U.S. defeats Canada 19-8 to win the gold in Berlin.
1935 Social Security Act is signed into law by Pres. Roosevelt.
1933 First successful national radio soap opera Oxydol's Own Ma Perkins debuts on Cincinnati's WLW. It began airing coast-to-coast on NBC the following December.
1914 First airplane battle A French pilot fires at a German pilot, who escapes.
1880 The Cologne Cathedral is completed It is the largest Gothic Cathedral in Northern Europe. Its reconstruction had begun August 14, 1248.
1866 First Queen to Visit the US Former Queen Emma of Hawaii (1855-63) is received by Pres. Andrew Johnson. She had arrived in New York six days earlier.
1843 The Second Seminole War After eight years of fighting the war is declared ended. The Seminole Indians - led by Osceola - were fighting their forced removal from Florida.
1816 World's remotest inhabited island Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha. It is 1,320 miles from the nearest inhabited land.
Today's Birthdays for August 14
1945 Steve Martin (Stephen Glenn Martin), American Emmy-Grammy-winning comic, a wild and crazy guy. Film: The Jerk (1979, Navin Johnson), Plains Trains & Automobiles (1987), Bowfinger (1999), and The Pink Panther (2006, Inspector Clouseau).
1959 Earvin "Magic" Johnson American basketball player, in 1991 he announced he was infected with the AIDS virus.
1950 Gary Larson American cartoonist. Creator of The Far Side.
1947 Danielle Steel American romance novelist. Writings: Jewels and Heartbeat.
1946 Susan Saint James (Susan Miller), American actress. TV: McMillan and Wife (Mrs. McMillan) and Kate & Allie (Kate).
1941 David Crosby (David Van Cortland), American singer, with The Byrds and Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young.
1926 Buddy Greco d. 2017 (Armando Greco), American composer, singer. Music: The Lady Is a Tramp (1960) and I Ran All The Way Home (1951).
1923 Alice Ghostley d. 2007 American actress. TV: Bewitched (1969–70, 1972, Esmeralda) and Designing Women (1986–93, Bernice Clifton).
1876 Alexander I d. 1903 King of Serbia (1889-1903), an unpopular king, he and Queen Draga were assassinated by a military conspiracy.
1867 John Galsworthy d. 1933 British Nobel-winning novelist. Writings: The Forsyte Saga (1922).
1863 Ernest Thayer d. 1940 American journalist, author of the poem Casey at the Bat (1888).
1840 Baron Richard von Krafft-Ebing d. 1902 German physician, neurologist, pioneer in clinical psychology. His Psychopathia Sexualis (1886) became a standard text and has been translated into seven languages.
1742 Pius VII d. 1823 (Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti), Italian religious leader, 251st Pope (1800-23).
Deaths for August 14
2012 Ron Palillo b. 1949 American actor. TV: Welcome Back Kotter (1975-79, Arnold Dingfilder Horshack, "Oooh! Oooh!").
2002 Peter Roger Hunt b. 1925 British editor, director. Film: Goldfinger (1964, editor), Dr. No (1962, editor), and On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969, director).
2001 Earl Anthony b. 1938 American Hall of Fame bowler. PBA champion (1973, 74, 75) and first PBA $1,000,000 winner (1982). He had 25 career 300 games.
1988 Roy Buchanan b. 1939 American guitarist. A pioneer of the Telecaster sound, he is considered one of the world's greatest rock guitarists.
1951 William Randolph Hearst b. 1863 American newspaper publisher, political figure.
1870 David Glasgow Farragut b. 1801 American naval officer, made his famous proclamation in 1864 during the Battle of Mobile Bay: "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead." In 1866 he became the first U.S. admiral.
1464 Pius II b. 1405 Italian poet, religious leader, 210th Pope (1458-64). Wrote The Tale of the Two Lovers (c1442), for which he later apologized.