Today's History Trivia for August 9
1974 Watergate - Nixon Resigns U.S. President Richard Nixon resigns. Four days earlier, he had admitted his complicity in the Watergate cover-up. Vice President Gerald Ford is then appointed President. This is the first and only time in U.S. history that someone became President without having been elected either President or Vice President. President Ford would give Nixon a full pardon the following month.
2001 Gomer Pyle The fictional TV character (portrayed by Jim Nabors) is made an honorary U.S. Marine and promoted to the rank of Lance Corporal by the Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps. "Well, Gol-ly!"
1988 First night game at Wrigley Field The Chicago Cubs defeat the New York Mets 6-4 at Chicago's 74-year-old ballpark.
1965 Missile explosion A Titan II missile explodes near Searcy, Arkansas, killing 53.
1936 Jesse Owens The black American track star upsets Hitler's theory of Aryan superiority by winning his fourth gold medal, for the 4 x 100-meter relay race.
1930 Betty Boop debuts as a curvaceous cabaret singer in the Max Fleischer cartoon Dizzy Dishes. (Download Free Cartoons)
1842 Webster-Ashburton Treaty settling the U.S.-Canada border in Maine and Minnesota.
Today's Birthdays for August 9
1943 Ken Norton d. 2013 American Hall of Fame boxer. He is the only heavyweight boxing champion (1977-78) who never won a heavyweight championship fight. After Leon Spinks took the title from Muhammad Ali, the World Boxing Council (WBC) ordered a match between Spinks and the number one contender Norton. But Spinks wanted to give Ali the first shot at the title rather than face Norton. The WBC then gave title fight status to Norton's victory over Young the previous year, awarding Norton the championship.
1963 Whitney Houston d. 2012 American singer. According to Guinness World Records she is the most awarded female act of all time. Music: I Wanna Dance With Somebody (1987) and Where Do Broken Hearts Go (1988, her 7th consecutive #1 American hit).
1957 Melanie Griffith American actress. Film: The Drowning Pool (1976), Working Girl (1988) and Bonfire of the Vanities (1990).
1944 Sam Elliott American actor. TV: Mission Impossible (Doug).
1938 Rod Laver Australian tennis player, the only player to win the Grand Slam twice (1962, 69), four-time Wimbledon champ, and the first to win a $1,000,000 in prize money.
1929 Fred Fredericks d. 2015 (Harold Fredericks, Jr.), American cartoonist. Artist for Mandrake the Magician (1964-2013).
1927 Robert Shaw d. 1978 British actor, author. Film: From Russia with Love (1963, SPECTRE agent Red Grant). He wrote The Man in the Glass Booth (1967), which described the trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann.
1920 Allen Clayton Hoskins Jr d. 1980 American actor, Farina of The Little Rascals. He appeared in 105 Our Gang films (1922-31) - more than any one else in the series.
1918 Robert Aldrich d. 1983 American film director. Film: Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? (1962), The Dirty Dozen (1967), and The Longest Yard (1974).
1819 Dr. William T. G. Morton d. 1868 (William Thomas Green Morton), American dentist. He performed the first tooth extraction under anesthesia; using ether (Sep 30, 1846).
1631 John Dryden d. 1700 English poet, essayist. He instigated the rule of not ending a sentence with a preposition.
1593 Izaak Walton d. 1683 English author, called the "Father of Angling." His book The Compleat Angler, or the Contemplative Man's Recreation (1653) is one of the monuments of English literature.
1387 Henry V d. 1422 King of England (1413-22). Although greatly outnumbered (13,000 to 50,000), he defeated the French at Agincourt (1415).
Deaths for August 9
2015 Frank Gifford b. 1930 American football player, Emmy-winning sportscaster for Monday Night Football. Gifford won the NFL MVP Award (1956).
2012 Al Freeman Jr b. 1934 American Emmy-winning actor. TV: One Life to Live (Capt. Ed Hall, 1972-88), for which he became the first African American to win a Daytime Emmy Award for acting (1979).
2003 Gregory Hines b. 1946 American actor, dancer. Film: History of the World Part I (1981), The Cotton Club (1984), White Nights (1985), and Tap (1989). He made his Broadway debut at age 8.
1995 Jerry Garcia b. 1942 (Jerome John Garcia), American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame guitarist, singer, songwriter, with the Grateful Dead.
1980 Jacqueline Cochran b. 1906 (Bessie Lee Pittman), American aviator. She was the first civilian awarded the U.S. Distinguished Service Medal, the first woman to break the sound barrier (1953), and the first woman to break Mach 2 (1960), the first woman to pilot a bomber across the North Atlantic (1941), the first woman inducted into the Aviation Hall of Fame, the first pilot to make an instrument landing, the first woman President of the Federation Aeronautique lnt'l (58-61), and the first pilot to fly above 20,000 feet with an oxygen mask. She was the first woman to compete in the famous Bendix Trophy Transcontinental Race across the U.S. (1934) and was the first woman to win it (1938). The Associated Press named her "Woman of the Year in Business" for her cosmetics business (1953, 1954). Source Jackie Cochran: An Autobiography
1969 Sharon Tate b. 1943 American actress. She was murdered by followers of Charles Manson. Film: Valley of the Dolls (1967, Jennifer North) and The Fearless Vampire Killers (1967)
1964 Fontaine Fox Jr b. 1884 cartoonist, creator of Toonerville Folks.
1962 Herman Hesse b. 1877 German Nobel-winning author. Quote: "If you hate a person, you hate something in him that is part of yourself. What isn't part of ourselves doesn't disturb us." Writings: Demian, Steppenwolf, Siddhartha, and The Glass Bead Game.
1048 Damasus II b. ???? Bavarian-born religious leader, 151st Pope (July - Aug. 1048).