Today's History Trivia for December 10
1992 Walt Disney The entertainment giant announces that they are putting an NHL franchise in Orange County, California.
1971 Frank Zappa The singer is pushed off a London stage by a fan. He suffered a broken leg and ankle and a fractured skull.
1971 Farm Credit Administration is established.
1959 First Black to Win an Emmy Tonight with Belafonte airs on CBS, for which host Harry Belafonte would win the award.
1958 First U.S. domestic jet airline passenger service National Airlines opens a route between N.Y. and Miami.
1904 Bethlehem Steel Corp. is founded.
1817 Mississippi becomes the 20th state. Mississippi is Chippewa for "great river."
Today's Birthdays for December 10
1952 Susan Dey American actress. TV: The Partridge Family (Laurie) and L.A. Law (Grace Van Owen).
1928 Dan Blocker d. 1972 American actor. TV: Bonanza (Hoss Cartwright).
1923 Harold Gould d. 2010 American actor. TV: Rhoda (1974-78, Rhoda's father) and Golden Girls (1985-92, Miles Webber).
1914 Dorothy Lamour d. 1996 (Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton), American actress. Film: The Jungle Princess (1936, as Ulah) and star of numerous Hope-Crosby road films.
1911 Chet Huntley d. 1974 (Chester Robert Huntley), American newsman. TV: NBC's Huntley-Brinkley Report. "Goodnight, Chet."
1908 Olivier Messiaen d. 1992 French composer.
1900 Roy Edward "Dizzy" Carlyle d. 1956 American baseball player. He hit the longest recorded home run (1929, 618 feet during a minor-league game). Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1851 Melvil Dewey d. 1931 American librarian. Creator of the Dewey Decimal System (1876).
1830 Emily Dickinson d. 1886 American poet. Of her over 1,800 poems, less than a dozen were published during her lifetime.
1817 Alexander Wood d. 1884 Scottish physician. He invented the first hypodermic needle that used a true syringe and hollow needle (1853). It was originally used for the injection of morphine and opiates, although he foresaw the its potential for injecting healing drugs.
1815 Ada Lovelace d. 1852 (Augusta Ada King-Noel, Countess of Lovelace), English mathematician and the first computer programmer (1842). She is chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's (the father of computers) mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include an algorithm to calculate Bernoulli numbers. This is recognized as the first algorithm intended to be carried out by a machine, making her the first computer programmer.
Deaths for December 10
2005 Richard Pryor b. 1940 American Emmy-Grammy winning comedian. In 1980, he set himself on fire, then ran down the street ablaze in from of his home. Film: Lady Sings the Blues (1972), Blazing Saddles (1974, co-wrote), Silverstreak (1976), Stir Crazy (1980), Richard Pryor Live on Sunset Strip (1982), and Brewster's Millions (1985).
1941 Colin Purdie Kelly, Jr b. 1915 American soldier. First U.S. air hero of World War II. Died when his B-17 was shot down by the Japanese, for which he was awarded the distinguished Service Cross. His was the first American B-17 shot down in combat.
2015 Dolph Schayes b. 1928 American basketball player, coach. He was the first NBA player to score 15,000 points (1960).
2005 Eugene McCarthy b. 1916 U.S. Senator (1959-71). In 1968, he ran against incumbent Lyndon Johnson in the New Hampshire Democratic primary, with the intention of influencing the government to curtail its involvement in the Vietnam War. A number of antiwar activists cut their long hair and beards in order to campaign for McCarthy door-to-door, leading to the slogan "Get clean for Gene."
1990 Armand Hammer b. 1898 American businessman, president of Occidental Petroleum Corporation. Some speculate that he was named after the "arm and hammer" symbol of the Soviet Labor Party of American. Known for his close ties to the Soviet Union, he bragged that he was the only man who was friends with both Lenin and U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
1982 Freeman Fisher Gosden b. 1899 radio comedian. Radio: Amos 'n' Andy (1928-60, Amos and Kingfish). Amos 'n' Andy was the first U.S. syndicated radio program. It featured Charles Correll and Freeman Gosden, both white actors, portraying two black characters.
1967 Otis Redding b. 1941 singer, "The King of Soul." Music: Sittin' on the Dock of the Bay (1968), his only Billboard #1, it was released a month after he died in a plane crash.
1946 Damon Runyon b. 1880 American author, columnist. Writings: Guys and Dolls (1932). The stage version of Guys and Dolls featured characters from his various stories.
1896 Alfred Bernhard Nobel b. 1833 Swedish chemist, inventor of dynamite. The terms of his will established Nobel prizes.
1864 Henry Rowe Schoolcraft b. 1793 American explorer, discovered the source of the Mississippi (1832).