Today's History Trivia for December 18
1865 13th Amendment Abolishing Slavery Goes into Effect It abolished slavery in the U.S. "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
1996 Ebonics The Oakland, California school board unanimously passes a resolution for the incorporating of Ebonics in the classroom.
1985 The Color Purple premiers.
1975 Amityville Horror George and Kathleen Lutz purchase their new home at their home at 112 Ocean Avenue. The previous year, 23-year-old Ronald DeFeo murdered his parents, two brothers, and two sisters in the house. Their paranormal experiences in the house were the basis for The Amityville Horror.
1969 James Bond On Her Majesty's Secret Service premiers in the U.S., 6th in the James Bond series, it starred George Lazenby as 007.
1958 First Communications Satellite Project Score (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment), the world's first communications satellite is launched by the U.S. to test communications relay systems in space. It broadcast a pre-recorded Christmas message from U.S. President Eisenhower via short wave radio.
1936 First giant panda in the U.S. Su-Lin arrives in San Francisco from China. Source: Famous First Facts
1935 $100,000 Bill These gold certificates are first printed. They featured a portrait of Woodrow Wilson. They were never circulated but used internally by the Federal Reserve. Source: Famous First Facts
1912 Piltdown Man Charles Dawson announces to the Geological Society of London that he had found skull fragments of a missing ape to human link. It was revealed as a hoax in 1953.
1878 Incandescent Light Joseph Swan demonstrates his carbon filament electric light, almost a year before Edison.
1796 First Sunday newspaper The Monitor of Baltimore, Maryland is published.
1787 New Jersey becomes the 3rd state.
Today's Birthdays for December 18
(Edmund Emil Kemper III), American serial killer. He was one the role models for the Buffalo Bill character in The Silence of the Lambs (1991). In 1964, at age 15, he murdered his paternal grandparents. When asked why, Kemper said that he "just wanted to see what it felt like to kill Grandma." He was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and sentenced to the State Hospital as a criminally insane juvenile. Released on parole at age 21, he started killing young female hitchhikers whom he would dismember and rape their corpses. He then murdered his mother and one of her friends before turning himself in to the authorities.
1878 Joseph Stalin d. 1953 Russian dictator (1929-53). In 1893 he entered a seminary to study for the priesthood, but was expelled in 1898 for his Marxist activities. He also founded the newspaper Pravda (1911) and was Time magazine's 1939 and 1942 Man of the Year.
1980 Christina Aguilera American Grammy-winning singer. TV: Mickey Mouse Club (1993-94). Music: Reflection (1998).
1950 Leonard Maltin American film critic, historian. TV: Entertainment Tonight. At age 15, he founded Film Fan Monthly.
1946 Steven Spielberg American Oscar-winning director. Film: Jaws (1975), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), E.T. (1982), Jurassic Park (1993), and Schindler's List (1994, Oscar).
1943 Keith Richards British guitarist, with the Rolling Stones.
American entrepreneur. He invented the Pet Rock (1975). While sitting in a bar listening to people complain about their pets, he joked that he had the perfect pet - a rock.
1927 Ramsey Clark American lawyer, U.S. Attorney General (1967-89). In 2005, he joined the legal team defending Saddam Hussein.
1917 Ossie Davis d. 2005 (Raiford Chatman Davis), American actor, civil rights activist. TV: B.L. Stryker (Oz Jackson) and Evening Shade (Ponder Blue and narrator).
1916 Betty Grable d. 1973 (Elizabeth Ruth Grable), American actress, dancer, pin-up girl. Her legs were insured for $1,000,000 with Lloyds of London.
1890 Edwin Howard Armstrong d. 1954 American electrical engineer, invented the superheterodyne receiver (1918) and FM radio (1933).
1886 Ty Cobb d. 1961 (Tyrus Raymond Cobb), American baseball player, "The Georgia Peach." He was the first person elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame (1936).
1882 Ralph De Palma d. 1956 Italian-born American Hall of Fame auto racer. With 2,557 wins out 2,889 races, he was the world's winningest race car driver.
1856 Joseph John Thomson d. 1940 English physicist. He discovered the electron (1897).
1707 Charles Wesley d. 1788 English clergyman and hymnist. He helped his brother John establish Methodism and wrote over 6,500 hymns including Hark, the Harold Angels Sing. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
Deaths for December 18
2016 Zsa Zsa Gabor b. 1917 (Sári Gábor), Hungarian-born American actress, Miss Hungary (1936), and police slapper (1989). She is often credited as being the first person to be famous for being famous. Commenting on her nine marriages: "I am a marvelous housekeeper: Every time I leave a man I keep his house." Film: Moulin Rouge (1952) and Queen of Outer Space (1958).
(Noelie Dasouza Machado), Chinese-born Portuguese-American fashion model, editor, and television producer. She was the first non-white person to appear on the cover of a major American fashion magazine (1959, Harper’s Bazaar).
2008 William Mark Felt b. 1913 Sr., American agent and Associate Director of the FBI (1972-73). He was the informant known as Deep Throat in the Watergate scandal. His leaks about Watergate led to Nixon's resignation.
1997 Chris Farley b. 1964 American actor, comedian. TV: Saturday Night Live. Film: Tommy Boy (1995), Beverly Hills Ninja (1997), and Almost Heroes (1998).
1993 Sam Wanamaker b. 1919 American actor. Film: The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965) and Private Benjamin (1980). He is best known for rebuilding London's famous Globe Theater.
1992 Mark Goodson b. 1915 American producer. TV: To Tell the Truth, What's My Line?, The Price Is Right, and Family Feud.
1977 Cyril Ritchard b. 1898 Australian actor. Stage: Peter Pan (1954, Captain Hook).
1892 Sir Richard Owen b. 1804 English biologist, paleontologist. He coined the term Dinosaur (1842). He was strongly opposed to Darwinian evolution.
1869 Louis Moreau Gottschalk b. 1829 American pianist, composer. He was the first internationally recognized U.S. pianist.
1829 Jean Baptiste Lamarck b. 1744 French naturalist. He was the first to distinguish vertebrates from invertebrates and was one of the first to use the term biology in its modern sense. He is best known for proposing that acquired traits are inheritable (Lamarckism), which was proved wrong, but initiated interest in the idea of evolution.
1737 Antonio Stradivari b. circa 1644 Italian violin maker, crafted the world's finest violins.