Today's History Trivia for December 19
1998 Clinton Impeachment U.S. Pres. Clinton is charged with perjury, obstruction of justice, and malfeasance in office in connection with the Monica Lewinsky scandal and the Paula Jones lawsuit. He would eventually be acquitted of all charges. Clinton was the second U.S. President impeached after Andrew Johnson (1868).
1777 American Revolution - Valley Forge General Washington and his men encamp for the winter at Valley Forge, where they stayed the next six months. About ¼ of his 10,000 men died from disease, malnutrition, and exposure during this time. If British troops had advanced on Washington's troops during this time, the British would probably have defeated them and won the war. However, Washington's troops used this time to train and emerged in June to retake Philadelphia.
1974 James Bond The Man with the Golden Gun premiers, 9th in the James Bond series, it starred Roger Moore as 007.
1958 First radio voice-broadcast from space A prerecorded Christmas greeting by Pres. Eisenhower from the U.S. Earth satellite Atlas.
1944 First Atomic Reactor Patent Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard of the U.S. submit their application. It was granted in 1955 as Patent #2,708,656.
1941 World War II Hitler becomes commander and chief of the German Army.
1918 Ripley's Believe It or Not! comic strip debuts.
1914 First animation technique is patented, by Earl Hurd.
1892 The University of Oklahoma is established.
1732 Poor Richard's Almanack The first issue of Benjamin Franklin's famous almanac is published. It was published yearly till 1757.
Today's Birthdays for December 19
1972 Alyssa Milano American actress. TV: Who's the Boss? (Sam Micelli).
1963 Jennifer Beals American actress. Film: Flashdance (1983).
1946 Robert Urich d. 2002 American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Vega$ (Dan Tanna) and Spencer: For Hire (title role).
1944 Tim Reid American actor. TV: WKRP in Cincinnati (Venus Flytrap).
1944 Richard E. Leakey anthropologist, conservationist.
1941 Maurice White d. 2016 American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Grammy-winning singer, with Earth, Wind & Fire. Music: Shining Star (1975, #1, Grammy), Best of My Love (1977, #1), and After the Love has Gone (1979, #2, Grammy).
1924 Cicely Tyson American Emmy-winning actress. TV:n an Emmy for her portrayal of The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman (1974, title role, Emmy) and Roots (1976, Kunta Kinte's mother Binta).
1920 David Susskind d. 1987 American Emmy-winning TV producer and talk show host, known for his controversial guests.
1906 Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev d. 1982 Soviet statesman, head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1964-82).
1868 Eleanor Hodgman Porter d. 1920 American author. Writings: Pollyanna (1913, with the name of the title character becoming synonymous with persistent optimism).
1852 Albert Abraham Michelson d. 1931 German-born American Nobel-winning physicist. He was the first to measure the diameter of a star (other than the Sun). Working from the Wilson Observatory, California, he measured Betelgeuse (the bright red star in the right shoulder of Orion) to be 260 million miles in diameter.
1790 Sir William Edward Parry d. 1855 British explorer. Explored the Arctic and unsuccessfully searched for a Northwest Passage. He attempted one of the earliest expeditions to the North Pole, reaching 82°45′ North latitude, a record for farthest north exploration that stood for nearly 50 years.
1742 Karl Wilhelm Scheele d. 1786 Swedish chemist. He discovered oxygen, chlorine (1774), molybdenum (1778), tungsten (1781), glycerin, and was the first to observe the effect of light on silver chloride (the basis for modern photography).
Deaths for December 19
2003 Hope Lange b. 1933 American Oscar-Emmy-winning actress. Film: Peyton Place (1957, Selena Cross). TV: The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (1968-70, Mrs. Muir, for which she won back-to-back Emmys).
1999 Desmond Llewellyn b. 1914 Welsh actor. Film: Q in the James Bond movies.
1996 Ronald Howard b. 1918 English actor. TV: Sherlock Holmes (1954-55, title role).
1996 Marcello Mastroianni b. 1924 (Marcello Mastrojanni), Italian actor. Film: La Dolce Vita (1959), 8½ (1963), and Divorce Italian Style (1961).
1993 Michael Clarke b. 1946 American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame drummer, with The Byrds. Music: Mr. Tambourine Man (1965, #1) and Turn! Turn! Turn! (1966).
1986 V.C. Andrews b. 1923 (Cleo Virginia Andrews), American author. She had three #1 books before her death and numerous bestsellers after her death (ghostwritten from her notes). Flowers in the Attic (1979). In the movie version of Flowers in the Attic, she played the window-washing maid.
1977 Nellie Tayloe Ross b. 1876 American politician, first woman state governor (Wyoming, 1925-27), and the first woman director of the U.S. Mint (1933).
1959 Walter Williams b. 1842 American soldier. Reputed to be the last surviving Civil War veteran, claiming to have served in the Confederate Army (1864). However, after his death at age 117, there was little evidence to support his claims and records showing that his was probably born in 1854, too late to have served in the war as he claimed.
1848 Emily Brontë b. 1818 English novelist. Writings: Wuthering Heights (1847).
1370 Urban V b. ???? French-born religious leader, 200th Pope (1362-70).
401 Saint Anastasius I b. ???? Italian religious leader, 39th Pope (399-401).