Today's History Trivia for December 27
1935 First Female Rabbi Regina Jonas is ordained. Her 1930 thesis argued that there was no law forbidding women to become rabbis, that there were many biblical and historical examples of women teaching and arbitrating Jewish law. She died in the Auschwitz concentration camp (1944).
1988 River Ferry capsizes en route to Dhaka, Bangladesh, 250 persons missing, believed dead.
1985 Terrorist attacks Palestinian terrorists kill 20 civilians at airport ticket counters in Rome and Vienna.
1979 Soviet war in Afghanistan Russia invades starting the nearly 10-year conflict between the Soviet Army and rebels in Afghanistan.
1945 World Bank It is established at a meeting in Washington, D.C. Source: Famous First Facts
1932 Radio City Music Hall Opens in New York City, featuring the high-kicking Rockettes.
1927 Show Boat Oscar Hammerstein II and Jerome Kern's musical premiers at the Ziegfield Theater on Broadway. It is considered the first true American musical play and features the classic number, Ol' Man River.
1845 Manifest Destiny The term is coined by John L. O'Sullivan, in his newspaper the New York Morning News, writing that the United States had the right to claim the entire Oregon Country "by the right of our manifest destiny."
Today's Birthdays for December 27
1919 Major Charles Sweeney d. 2004 American pilot. He flew the plane which dropped the "Fat Man" atom bomb on Nagasaki (1945). Sixty percent of the city was destroyed and approximately 70,000 people were killed in the initial blast. This was the second atomic bomb dropped on Japan.
1975 Heather O'Rourke d. 1988 American child actress. Film: Poltergeist (1982, Carol Anne) and Poltergeist II (1986).
1939 John Amos American actor. TV: Good Times (J.J.'s father). Claims he was kicked of Good Times because he didn’t agree with the shucking and jiving.
1918 John Celardo d. 2012 American cartoonist. Artist for Tarzan (1958-68).
1915 William Howell Masters d. 2001 American physician, obstetrician, sex therapist. He and his wife formed the Masters and Johnson sexuality research team.
1915 Mary Kornman d. 1973 American actress. She appeared in 41 Our Gang films.
1906 Benjamin Eisenstadt d. 1996 American inventor. He originated the idea of individual-sized sugar packets for use in restaurants and he and his son Marvin invented "Sweet'N Low" artificial sweetener (1957). The musical-scale logo for Sweet'N Low received Federal Trademark Registration No. 1,000,000.
1901 Marlene Dietrich d. 1992 (Maria Magdalene Dietrich), German-born American actress, singer. Film: The Blue Angel (1930). She was awarded the Medal of Freedom for her efforts during World War II.
1896 Arch Ward d. 1955 American sports editor for the Chicago Tribune. He originated the idea of major-league all-star baseball (1933) and football games (1934). He also created the Golden Gloves amateur boxing tournament.
1773 Sir George Cayley d. 1857 English inventor, "Father of Aerodynamics." He piloted the first manned glider.
Deaths for December 27
2016 Carrie Fisher b. 1956 American actress. Film: Star Wars (Princess Leia) and When Harry Met Sally… (1989, Marie). She is the daughter of Debbie Reynolds and Eddie Fisher and is the author of Postcards From the Edge.
2015 Meadowlark Lemon b. 1932 American basketball player, Harlem Globetrotters.
2003 Sir Alan Arthur Bates b. 1934 British actor. Film: The Fixer (1968).
1993 David Pace b. 1914 American businessman. Creator of Pace Picante Sauce (1947). He played in the first Sugar Bowl (1937), while on a football scholarship to Tulane University.
1988 Hal Ashby b. 1929 American Oscar-winning editor, director. Film: In the Heat of the Night (1967, Oscar for Film Editing), Harold and Maude (1971), and Shampoo (1975).
1982 John Leonard "Jack" Swigert, Jr b. 1931 American astronaut. During Apollo 13 he proclaimed, "Okay, Houston, we've had a problem here." Lovell repeated the sentiment a few seconds later.
1955 Ham Fisher b. 1900 (Hammond Edward Fisher), American cartoonist, created Joe Palooka (1927).
1836 Stephen Fuller Austin b. 1793 American pioneer, "Father of Texas." He established the first American settlement in Texas (Austin, 1822).