Today's History Trivia for December 30
2006 Saddam Hussein Executed He was hanged to death for crimes against humanity for the 1982 actions against the residents of Dujail, which included the murder of 148 people. These actions were in retaliation to an assassination attempt against him.
1969 Inter-American Foundation is established, supports social and economic development in Latin America and the Caribbean.
1959 First nuclear submarine capable of launching missiles The USS George Washington is commissioned.
1922 Founding of Soviet Union The Soviet Union is established with the union of the Russian, Ukrainian, Byelorussian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics.
1907 Baseball A commission chaired by the president of the National League issues a report crediting Abner Doubleday with the invention of baseball. However, modern historians now dispute their findings - which were in part based on the testimony of a man who two years later was committed for life to an institute for the criminally insane.
1862 Civil War The Union's first iron-clad warship, Monitor, sinks off the coast of North Carolina. Source: The Civil War Day by Day
1854 First U.S. oil company Pennsylvania Rock Oil Company of Connecticut.
1853 Gadsden Purchase U.S. buys 30,000 square miles of territory in New Mexico and southern Arizona from Mexico.
Today's Birthdays for December 30
1975 Tiger Woods (Eldrick Tont Woods), American golfer (PGA Player of the Year - 11 times). He has been World #1 golfer for the most consecutive weeks and for the greatest total number of weeks of any golfer.
1961 Ben Johnson Canadian track athlete. Stripped of his 1988 Olympic gold medals for using steroids.
1959 Tracey Ullman English pop singer, Emmy-winning actress. TV: The Tracey Ullman Show (1988), on which The Simpsons made their debut.
1947 Michael Burns American actor. TV: Wagon Train (orphan Barnaby West).
1945 Davy Jones d. 2012 English singer, actor, one of The Monkees. Music: Last Train to Clarksville (1966) and I'm a Believer (1966).
1942 Michael Nesmith American singer, actor, one of The Monkees.
1935 Sandy Koufax American baseball Hall of Famer, sportscaster.
1934 Del Shannon d. 1990 (Charles Westover), American singer. Music: Runaway (1961, #1).
1928 Bo Diddley d. 2008 (Ellas Otha Bates), American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame rhythm and blues singer, composer. He played a key roll in the transition from blues to rock and roll.
1920 Jack Lord d. 1998 (John Joseph Ryan), American actor. TV: Hawaii Five-O (detective Steve McGarrett). Film: Dr. No (1962, CIA Agent Felix Leiter).
1914 Bert Parks d. 1992 (Bert Jacobson), American emcee. Host of the Miss America pageant (1954-79).
1911 Jeanette Nolan d. 1998 American actress. TV: The Virginian (Holly Grainger).
1906 Sergei Korolev d. 1966 Soviet scientist, rocket pioneer. He designed the rocket systems used for launching the first Soviet satellites and rockets to the moon.
1884 Tojo Hideki d. 1948 Japanese prime minister (1941-44) during World War II. He and six others were hanged together as war criminals.
1867 Simon Guggenheim d. 1941 American philanthropist. He and his wife created the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation (1925) in memory of their son.
1865 Rudyard Kipling d. 1936 English Nobel-winning author, poet. Writings: The Jungle Book (1894).
Deaths for December 30
2006 Saddam Hussein b. 1937 Iraqi president (1979-2003). He was hanged to death for crimes against humanity for the 1982 actions against the residents of Dujail, which included the murder of 148 people. These actions were in retaliation to an assassination attempt against him.
1916 Grigori Rasputin b. 1869 Russian mystic, monk. Known as the Mad Monk, he held a hypnotic influence over the Russian emperor and empress, Nicholas II and Alexandra. Notoriously corrupt, he was killed by Russian noblemen.
1894 Amelia Jenks Bloomer b. 1818 American women's rights advocate. She advocated the wearing of bloomers in The Lily, the first major women's rights newspaper (1849), which she published. Bloomers are women's garments that are divided for the lower body. They were considered "not so harmful to women's health as the current fashion." They also represented unrestricted movement that allowed for greater freedom, both metaphorical and physical.
2014 Luise Rainer b. 1910 German Oscar-winning actress. Film: The Great Ziegfeld (1936, Oscar, Anna Held) and The Good Earth (1937, Oscar). She was the first actor to win consecutive Oscars (1936, 1937).
2012 Carl Richard Woese b. 1928 American microbiologist. He defined the Archaea (1977, a new domain or kingdom of life) and identified methanogens, a form of life that lives in oxygen-deprived environments and survive by reducing CO2 and oxidizing hydrogen, and releasing the resulting methane. He also originated the RNA world hypothesis (1967).
2004 Artie Shaw b. 1910 (Arthur Arshawsky), American band leader, Jazz clarinetist. Music: Begin the Beguine (1938, #1). Quote: "I could never understand why people wanted to dance to my music. I made it good enough to listen to."
1996 Lew Ayres b. 1908 (Lewis Frederick Ayre III), American actor. Film: All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) and Young Dr. Kildare (1938, title role). Rejected for a TV version of Dr. Kildare because he refused to allow cigarette sponsorship.
1993 Irving "Swifty" Lazar b. 1907 American talent agent. Clients: Cole Porter, Ernest Hemingway, Faye Dunaway, Michael Caine, Vladimir Nabokov, Truman Capote, Pres. Nixon, Tennessee Williams, and Neil Simon. He was known for his yearly star-studded parties on Oscar Awards night.
1979 Richard Rodgers b. 1902 American Oscar-winning composer, teamed with Oscar Hammerstein II, hits include Oklahoma! (1955), Carousel (1956), and The Sound of Music (1965).
1591 Innocent IX b. 1519 (Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti), Italian religious leader, 230th Pope (Oct. - Dec. 1591).
274 Saint Felix I b. ???? Italian religious leader, 26th Pope (269-274).