Today's History Trivia for December 7
1941 Pearl Harbor - A Date Which Will Live in Infamy The Hawaiian U.S. naval base Pearl Harbor is attacked by the Japanese, killing 2,402 people, sinking four U.S. battleships, and destroying 188 U.S. aircraft.
2000 USS Cole Bombing U.S. officials announce there is evidence linking suspects in the October 12, 2000 bombing of the USS Cole in Yemen with known operatives of Osama bin Laden's organization.
1995 Galileo The spacecraft is scheduled to reach Jupiter on this date.
1993 Drug Legalization Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders states that the legalization of drugs merits further study and might reduce the crime rate. Her 28-year-old son was arrested two weeks later for selling cocaine to undercover police the previous summer.
1992 Members of the Texas Southern University's marching band are caught stealing $22,000 worth of goods from Japanese merchants. They were in Japan to play during the half-time of a NCAA game the previous day.
1888 Pneumatic rubber tire John Boyd Dunlop patents his invention, although it was later discovered that the principle of the pneumatic tire had been patented in 1846.
1842 New York Philharmonic Orchestra The famous orchestra gives its first performance.
1787 First state in the Union Delaware ratifies the Constitution.
Today's Birthdays for December 7
1955 Priscilla Barnes American actress. TV: Three's Company (replaced Suzanne Somers).
1947 Johnny Lee Bench American baseball Hall of Famer, 1976 World Series MVP.
1946 Billy Leon (died 1979) and Benny Loyd (died 2001) McCrary (McGuire), American wrestlers known as the McGuire Twins and the world's heaviest twins at 338 kilograms (745 pounds, Benny) and 328 kilograms (723 pounds, Billy). Billy died on July 14, 1979 of injuries from a motorcycle accident en route to Ripley's Believe It or Not! Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1944 Vincent Baggetta American actor. TV: The Eddie Capra Mysteries (Eddie Capra) and The Colbys (Asst. D.A. John Moretti).
1942 Reginald Lewis d. 1993 American businessman, was the richest African-American man during the 1980s, with a net worth of about $400 million. He was the first African American to build a billion dollar company, Beatrice Foods, which he bought in 1987. Motto: "Keep going, no matter what." Writings: Why Should White Guys Have All the Fun?
1942 Harry Chapin d. 1981 American folk-rock singer. Taxi (1972) and Cat's In The Cradle (1974, #1).
1932 Ellen Burstyn (Edna Rae Gillooly), American actress. In 1975, she won an Oscar, a Tony, and a British Oscar.
Victor Kermit Kiam II
president of Remington Products Inc. Bought the NFL's New England Patriots for US$84 million (1988).
1923 Ted Knight d. 1986 (Tadeus Wladyslaw Konopka), American actor. TV: The Mary Tyler Moore Show (Ted Baxter) and Too Close for Comfort. Film: Caddyshack (1980)
1915 Eli Wallach d. 2014 American Emmy-winning actor. Film: Baby Doll (1956), The Magnificent Seven (1960, Calvera), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966, Tuco -"The Ugly").
1905 Gerald Peter Kuiper d. 1973 Netherlands-born American astronomer. "Father of Modern Planetary Science." Discovered Miranda (1948) one of Uranus' moons and Neptune's satellite Nereid (1949). He correctly predicted the rings of Saturn are composed of particles of ice and that the Moon's surface would be like walking on "crunchy snow." He is for whom the Kuiper Belt is named.
1863 Richard Warren Sears d. 1914 American businessman, co-founded Sears, Roebuck and Co.
Deaths for December 7
2016 Paul Elvstrøm b. 1928 Danish Hall of Fame yachtsman. He tied the record for longest span of Olympic competition (1948-88). He is one of only four people to win four consecutive individual Olympic gold medals (1948, '52, '56, '60). He also pioneered the technique of "hiking" (aka "sitting out."). He was the first to use toe-straps in the bottom of his dinghy to enable him to get more of his body weight outside the boat. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
Peter Carl Goldmark
Hungarian-born American engineer. He invented the 33⅓ LP record (1948). His 33⅓ LP (Long Play) records are still an industry standard for vinyl records.
Latvian sculptor. He built Coral Castle, working alone and using what he claimed were the lost secrets of the Egyptian pyramid builders. He originally built in Florida City in the 1920s, then in the 30s moved the castle to its present location near Homestead, Florida.
1902 Thomas Nast b. 1840 American cartoonist. Created the elephant image used by the Republican parties and the modern version of the Santa Claus image. He is referred to as the "Father of the American Cartoon." Although he popularized the use of the donkey to represent the Democratic party, the donkey was originally used by Andrew Jackson for his presidential campaign.
2016 Greg Lake b. 1947 British bass player, singer, with Emerson, Lake and Palmer. Music: Lucky Man (1970), Tarkus (1971), Brain Salad Surgery (1974), and I Believe In Father Christmas (1975).
2014 Ken Weatherwax b. 1955 American actor. TV: The Addams Family (Pugsley).
2011 Harry Morgan b. 1915 (Harry Bratsburg), American actor. TV: Dragnet (Joe Friday's partner Bill Gannon) and M*A*S*H (Col. Sherman T. Potter).
1993 Pierre Holmes b. 1912 British-born French radio announcer. During World War II, he passed coded messages to the French Resistance during his nightly BBC radio show from London.
1990 Joan Bennett b. 1910 American actress. TV: Dark Shadows (Elizabeth/Flora Collins).
1990 David Richmond b. 1941 American civil-rights protester. One of the initiators the Greensboro sit-In (1960). He and three other black college students (The Greensboro Four) refused to move from a North Carolina Woolworth's lunch counter after being denied service. The peaceful protest quickly spread; 70,000 people participated, resulting in 1,600 arrests.
1984 Jeanne Cagney b. 1919 American actress, James Cagney's sister, and co-host of Queen for a Day. She appeared in several films with her brother James, including Man of a Thousand Faces (1957).
1975 Thornton Wilder b. 1897 American Pulitzer-winning novelist, playwright. Writings: The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1927, Pulitzer), Our Town (1938, Pulitzer), and The Skin of Our Teeth (1942, Pulitzer). Quote: "Marriage is the price men pay for sex; sex is the price women pay for marriage."
1970 Rube Goldberg b. 1883 (Reuben Lucius Goldberg), American Pulitzer-winning cartoonist (1948), known for designing elaborate machines to perform simple tasks.
1913 Aaron Montgomery Ward b. 1844 American businessman, creator of mail-order (1892).
1902 Thomas Brackett Reed b. 1839 American politician, Speaker of the House from Maine. His ability to spend taxpayer's money earned his Congress (1889-91) the name "The Billion Dollar Congress."
1817 William Bligh b. 1754 English naval officer, his crew on the HMS Bounty mutinied (1789), setting him adrift for 4,000 miles.
1254 Innocent IV b. circa 1180 Italian religious leader, 180th Pope (1243-54).
983 Otto II b. 955 Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (973-83).
283 Saint Eutychian b. ???? religious leader, 27th Pope (275-283).
43 B.C. Marcus Tullius Cicero b. 106 B.C. Roman philosopher, statesman, one of Rome's greatest orators. Before being killed by Mark Antony's assassins, he declared "There is nothing proper about what you are doing, soldier, but do try to kill me properly."