Today's History Trivia for February 12
1999 Clinton Impeachment U.S. President Bill Clinton is acquitted of the charges of perjury, obstruction of justice, and malfeasance in office in connection with the Monica Lewinsky scandal and the Paula Jones lawsuit.
The Scream is Stolen
Edvard Munch's famous painting is stolen from Oslo's National Art Museum. Thieves stole the painting by using a ladder to enter a window where the painting was stored. Two men were arrested while trying to collect a $414,000 ransom for the painting and the painting was returned.
1946 Civil Rights While travelling home after being honorably discharged from the U.S. Army, African-American Isaac Woodard, still in uniform, is attacked and beaten by several South Carolina police officers over a dispute with a bus driver over the use of the restroom. He was then arrested and further beaten by the chief of police. The attack left Woodard completely and permanently blind. When South Carolina wouldn't pursue the case, U.S. President Harry Truman ordered a federal investigation. The sheriff was acquitted by an all-white jury in federal court in South Carolina. This incident was the subject of Woody Guthrie's song, "The Blinding of Isaac Woodard."
1964 First Beatles concert in the U.S., at Carnegie Hall, New York.
1924 George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue is performed publicly for the first time.
1909 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
1908 First around-the-world automobile race from New York to Paris, via Alaska, Siberia, Russia.
1853 Slavery Illinois enacts a law requiring all negroes who enter the state and stay for 10 days to be fined $50 or sold into slavery until the fine was resolved.
1825 Creek Indians cede all their land in Georgia and Alabama to the U.S. for some land between the Arkansas and Canadian rivers. The Indians, unhappy with the treaty, killed the chief who signed it and negotiated a new treaty.
1793 Fugitive Slave Act enacted by Congress, allowing slave owners to recover runaway slaves.
1733 General James Oglethorpe lands at present day Savannah, naming the new colony Georgia in honor of King George II.
1541 Santiago, Chile The city is founded by Spanish conqueror Pedro de Valdivia.
Today's Birthdays for February 12
1809 Abraham Lincoln d. 1865 16th U.S. President (1861-65), assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, making Vice-President Andrew Johnson president. Lincoln was the first actual person to have their portrait on a U.S. coin (1909 penny).
1956 Arsenio Hall American late-night host. Film: Coming to America (1988). TV: The Arsenio Hall Show.
1953 Joanna Kerns American actress, Maggie Seaver of TV's Growing Pains.
1945 Maud Adams (Maud Wikstrom), Swedish actress. Film: The Man with the Golden Gun (1974, Andrea Anders) and Octopussy (1983, title role).
1939 Ray Manzarek d. 2013 (Raymond Daniel Manczarek), American keyboardist, with The Doors. Music: Light My Fire (1967, #1) and L.A. Woman (1971).
1936 Joe Don Baker American actor. Film: Walking Tall (1973).
1926 Joe Garagiola Sr d. 2016 American baseball player, sportscaster.
1923 Alan Dugan d. 2003 American Pulitzer-winning poet (1962).
1919 Forrest Tucker d. 1986 American actor. TV: F Troop (1965-67, Sgt. O'Rourke).
1915 Lorne Greene d. 1987 Canadian-born actor. TV: Bonanza (Ben Cartwright).
1905 Harry Bellaver d. 1993 American actor. TV: Naked City (Frank Arcaro) and Another World (Ernie Downs).
1904 Ted Mack d. 1976 American emcee, The Original Amateur Hour (1948-70).
1893 Omar Nelson Bradley d. 1981 American World War II hero, the last U.S. five-star general. He commanded the 12th Army - the largest U.S. force ever commanded by a single person - and served 69 years on active duty, the longest ever served by a U.S. soldier.
1843 John Graham Chambers d. 1883 British sportsman. He defined the Marquess of Queensberry boxing rules (1867), which established the mandatory use of gloves, the ten-count rule, and three-minute rounds.
1836 Charles Edward Cheney d. 1916 American religious leader, founder of the Reformed Episcopal Church (1873).
1791 Peter Cooper d. 1883 American inventor. He built the first US steam locomotive (1830, the Tom Thumb) and also invented a washing machine which was powered by the tides.
Deaths for February 12
2017 Al Jarreau b. 1940 (Alwyn Lopez Jarreau), American Grammy-winning jazz singer. Music: Breakin' Away (1981).
2015 Gary Owens b. 1934 American actor, disc jockey. TV: Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In and The Gong Show (1976-77, host).
2014 Sid Caesar b. 1922 American actor, comedian. TV: Your Show of Shows (host). Film: Grease (1978, Coach Calhoun).
2012 Zina Bethune b. 1945 American dancer, actress. TV: Love of Life (Barbara Sterling Latimer). She founded Dance Outreach (1982), which enrolls about 1,000 disabled children in dance-related activities.
2011 Betty Garrett b. 1919 American actress. TV: All in the Family (Irene Lorenzo) and Laverne & Shirley (Edna Babish).
2005 Sammi Smith b. 1943 American country singer. She was one of the few women of "outlaw country" music in its early days. Music: Help Me Make It Through The Night (1971, #1, Grammy).
2000 Tom Landry b. 1924 American football player, coach for the Dallas Cowboys. He invented the "4-3 Defense."
1985 Nicholas Colasanto b. 1924 American actor. TV: Cheers (Coach).
1971 J.C. Penney b. 1875 (James Cash Penney, Jr.), American businessman. Founded the J.C. Penney department store chain (1902).
1915 Fanny Crosby b. 1820 (Frances Jane Crosby), American hymn writer. Blind since an infant, she composed over 5,000 hymns including Safe in the Arms of Jesus, Blessed Assurance, and To God Be the Glory. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1804 Immanuel Kant b. 1724 German philosopher, founder of critical philosophy.
1789 Ethan Allen b. 1738 American Revolutionary War commander. He organized the Green Mountain Boys (1770).
1554 Lady Jane Grey b. circa 1537 Queen of England for nine days, her half-sister Mary Tudor, the rightful heir to the throne, forced her to renounce the throne and then had her and her husband beheaded.