Today's History Trivia for February 16
First Computer Bulletin Board System
The first BBS is created (CBBS in Chicago, Illinois). It opened to the public the following year. It connected 253,301 callers before its shutdown.
1959 Fidel Castro is sworn in as leader of Cuba after forcing Pres. Fulgencio Batista into exile.
1948 Uranus G.P. Kuiper discovers the planet's fifth moon. It was named Miranda.
1948 First daily TV news broadcast by NBC.
1938 Federal Crop Insurance Corporation is established by Congress, to protect wheat growers against crop losses due to natural causes.
1937 Nylon is patented, by Dr. Wallace Carothers of the E.I. du Pont Co.
1918 Anti-Loafing Law New Jersey enacts a law requiring all able-bodied males to be employed in some useful occupation.
1868 Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks is organized.
1857 First U.S. school of higher education for the deaf The Columbia Institute for the Deaf is founded.
1741 Benjamin Franklin The first issue of Benjamin Franklin's General Magazine, the second magazine published in America.
1682 Gregorian calendar is adopted by Alsace (part of France at the time): Today's date would have been February 5.
Today's Birthdays for February 16
(Jeremiah Jones Colbath), 18th U.S. Vice-President (1873-75, under Pres. Ulysses S. Grant). He has been accused of having an affair with the Confederate spy Rose O'Neal Greenhow and leaking to her plans of the Civil War's first major battle at Bull Run Creek in Manassas, Virginia (1861). The Union, expecting a quick victory, was routed by Confederate forces.
1961 Andy Taylor English guitarist, singer, with Duran Duran. Music: Hungry Like the Wolf (1982), Rio (1982), Union of the Snake (1983), and A View to a Kill (1985).
1959 John McEnroe American tennis player. Rated the number 1 player in the world four times (1981-84), he has won four U.S. Open singles titles (1979-81, 84) and three Wimbledons (1981, 83-84).
1958 Lisa Loring American actress. TV: The Addams Family (Wednesday) and As the World Turns (Cricket).
1958 Ice-T (Tracy Marrow), American rap singer, actor, Cop Killer, New Jack City, Breakin', and Who's the Man.
1957 LeVar Burton (Levardis Robert Martyn Burton, Jr.), actor. TV: Roots (Kunta Kinte), Star Trek: The Next Generation (Lt. La Forge), Reading Rainbow (host).
1954 Margaux Hemingway d. 1996 American actress, supermodel, granddaughter of writer Ernest Hemingway. She appeared on the covers of Cosmopolitan, Elle, Harper's Bazaar, Vogue, and TIME. She committed suicide by drug overdose. Film: They Call Me Bruce? (1982).
circa 1941 Kim Jong-il d. 2011 North Korean Supreme Leader (1994-2011). It is claimed that his birth was foretold by a swallow, the appearance of a double rainbow over Mount Paekdu, and a new star in the heavens.
1935 Sonny Bono d. 1998 (Salvatore Bono), American singer with Cher, mayor, and U.S. Representative. Music: I Got You Babe (1965, #1).
1926 John Schlesinger d. 2003 English Oscar-winning director. Film: Midnight Cowboy (1969, Oscar), Marathon Man (1976), and Pacific Heights (1990).
1918 Patty Andrews d. 2013 American singer, with the Andrews Sisters.
1909 Hugh Beaumont d. 1982 American actor. TV: Leave It to Beaver (Ward Cleaver).
1903 Edgar Bergen d. 1978 (Edgar John Bergren), American ventriloquist with Mortimer Snerd and Charlie McCarthy.
1884 Robert Joseph Flaherty d. 1951 American filmmaker, father of the film documentary. Film: Nanook of the North (1922), which was the first commercially successful feature length documentary.
Deaths for February 16
2016 Jack Elrod b. 1924 American cartoonist. Comics: Mark Trail (1978-2014, artist).
2015 Lesley Gore b. 1946 (Lesley Sue Goldstein), American singer. Music: It's My Party (1963, #1, which she recorded at the age of 16).
2001 William Howell Masters b. 1915 American physician, obstetrician, sex therapist. He and his wife formed the Masters and Johnson sexuality research team.
1967 Smiley Burnette b. 1911 (Lester Alvin Burnette), American actor. Film: He was Gene Autry's comic partner in 81 Western films. TV: Petticoat Junction (train engineer Charlie Pratt).
1905 Jay Cooke b. 1821 American banker, "Financier of the Civil War." He sold over $2.5 billion in Union bonds during the war. The collapse of his bank led to the Panic of 1873.