Today's History Trivia for February 17
1986 Pres. Ferdinand Marcos is declared the winner of the Philippine presidential election. Later reports of widespread fraud caused him to flee the country ending his 20 year rule.
1959 Weather Vanguard 2, the first weather satellite is launched.
1934 First color Merry Melodies cartoon Honeymoon Hotel premiers.
1917 Jack Dempsey KO'd Fireman Jim Flynn knocks him out in the first round, the only time he has ever been knocked out.
1897 National Congress of Mothers is founded, later named the PTA.
1895 The Yellow Kid Richard Felton Outcault's famous cartoon character makes his debut.
1876 First canning of Sardines in Eastport, Maine.
1865 Civil War Gen. Sherman (Union) takes Columbia, S.C., claiming that the fires, which destroyed two-thirds of the city, were set by retreating Confederate soldiers.
1817 First U.S. street lit by gaslight Baltimore, MD.
1801 U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson is elected President by the House of Representatives after an electoral tie between Jefferson and Aaron Burr..
1790 The U.S. government takes out its first loan for the amount of $191,608.81. It was paid off in June.
Today's Birthdays for February 17
1981 Paris Hilton American celebrity, Hilton hotel fortune heir.
1963 Michael Jordan American basketball player and two-time Olympic gold-medal winner.
1963 Larry the Cable Guy (Daniel Lawrence Whitney), American comedian. TV: Blue Collar TV.
1945 Zina Bethune American dancer, actress. TV: Love of Life (Barbara Sterling Latimer). She founded Dance Outreach (1982), which enrolls about 1,000 disabled children in dance-related activities.
1942 Huey Percy Newton d. 1989 American political leader, co-founder of the Black Panthers (1966). His 1967 conviction for killing a police officer was overturned after a nationwide "Free Huey" campaign.
1937 Mary Ann Mobley d. 2014 American actress, Miss America (1959). TV: Diff'rent Strokes (the second Maggie McKinney).
1934 Sir Alan Arthur Bates d. 2003 British actor. Film: The Fixer (1968).
1925 Hal Holbrook (Harold Rowe HolBrook Jr.), American Tony-Emmy-winning actor, famous for his on-stage portrayal of Mark Twain. In 2008 at age 82, he became to oldest male actor nominated for an Oscar. Film: All the President's Men (1976, Deep Throat). TV: Designing Women (Reese Watson) and Evening Shade.
1902 Marian Anderson d. 1993 American opera singer, first black artist to entertain at the White House (1939) and the first black to perform at the New York Metropolitan Opera (1954).
1874 Thomas John Watson Sr d. 1956 American businessman. He took control of the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. (1914) and turned it into the international-giant IBM.
1857 Samuel Sidney McClure d. 1949 American publisher, founder of McClure syndicate (1884) and McClure's Magazine (1893).
1844 Aaron Montgomery Ward d. 1913 American businessman, creator of mail-order (1892).
1781 Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec d. 1826 French physician, invented the stethoscope.
Deaths for February 17
1989 Vernon "Lefty" Gomez b. 1908 American Baseball Hall of Famer. He won 189 games with the N.Y. Yankees, and was the winning pitcher for the first All-Star game (1933).
1982 Lee Strasberg b. 1901 acting teacher, the father of method acting in America. His disciples include Marlon Brando, Jane Fonda, Robert De Niro and Al Pacino.
1979 William Gargan b. 1905 American actor. TV: Martin Kane, Private Eye (title role). After losing his voice to cancer in 1960, he became an anti-smoking advocate.
1966 Alfred Pritchard Sloan Jr b. 1875 American industrialist. As president (1923-37) and chairman (1937-56) of General Motors, he made it one of the greatest industrial enterprises in history.
1958 R.M. Brinkerhoff b. 1880 American cartoonist, creator of Little Mary Mixup (1917).
1934 Albert I b. 1875 King of Belgium (1909-34). He was killed while mountain climbing.
1919 Sir Wilfred Laurier b. 1841 Canadian statesman, premier of Canada (1896-1911).
1909 Geronimo b. 1829 Apache Indian chief. Opposed to the policy of placing Indians on reservations, he raided Arizona settlements until his capture in 1886.
1890 Christopher Latham Sholes b. 1819 American inventor. He invented the first commercially-successful typewriter (1868), which was manufactured by E. Remington & Sons. He also coined the word "type-writer" and created the QWERTY keyboard layout (1873).
1856 Heinrich Heine b. 1797 German author, poet, lyricist. Among his writings are some of Germany's best-known lyrics.