Today's Holidays for February 1
National Freedom Day It commemorates U.S. President Lincoln's 1865 signing of the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in the U.S.
Feast Day of St. Brigid (Bride) She's the patron saint of Ireland, Wales, Australia, New Zealand, Irish nuns, and dairy workers. See Deaths below.
Today's History Trivia for February 1
2003 Columbia Disaster The Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates upon reentering Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven crew members. During the launch a piece of foam insulation broke off from the Space Shuttle's external tank and struck the left wing of the orbiter. When Columbia re-entered the Earth's atmosphere, the damage caused hot atmospheric gases to destroy the internal wing structure, which caused the spacecraft to become unstable and break apart.
1960 Greensboro Sit-In Four black college students refuse to move from a Woolworth's lunch counter in North Carolina after being denied service. The peaceful protest quickly spread; 70,000 people participated, resulting in 1,600 arrests. Five months later, after losing over $200,000, Woolworth opened the counter to blacks.
2004 Wardrobe Malfunction Janet Jackson exposes her right breast during a Super Bowl halftime performance with Justin Timberlake.
1993 The Simpsons Their comic book hits the stands, Ay caramba!
1988 Ernie: The comic strip by Bud Grace debuts. In 1998, it would change its name to Piranha Club.
1979 Patty Hearst is released from prison after receiving clemency from U.S. President Jimmy Carter. She had served 22 months of her seven-year prison sentence for bank robbery.
1976 Rich Man, Poor Man - Book I begins on ABC.
1964 The Beatles I Want to Hold Your Hand reaches #1 in the U.S.
1950 The United Nations formally accuses Communist China of aggressions against Korea.
1941 World War II The U.S. Navy is reorganized into three fleets: the Asiatic, Atlantic, and the Pacific.
1898 First U.S. automobile insurance is sold, by the Traveler's Insurance Co. of New York.
1893 First motion picture studio in the U.S. is opened, by Thomas Edison in New Jersey.
1865 Civil War Union troops, commanded by Gen. Sherman, begin their march through South Carolina. They destroyed large amounts of civilian property as well as military targets in punishment for South Carolina leading the rebellion. Source: The Civil War Day by Day
1845 Baylor University Texas Baptist Educational Society is founded. In 1866 it merged with Waco University becoming Baylor University. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1842 First U.S. Adhesive Postage Stamp They were issued by a private New York City carrier for prepayment of postage. The Post Office Department later adopted this method.
1524 End of the World London astrologers predicted the world would end beginning with a massive flood in London on this day. 20,000 Londoners fled their homes in anticipation of the event.
Today's Birthdays for February 1
1968 Lisa Marie Presley daughter of Elvis, wife of Michael Jackson.
1965 Brandon Lee d. 1993 American actor, son of Bruce Lee. He was killed, while filming the movie The Crow (1994) when the gun being used accidentally fired a real bullet.
1954 Billy Mumy American actor. TV: Lost in Space (Will Robinson), Babylon 5 (Lennier), Twilight Zone (1961, the child that terrorizes the town with his psychic powers).
1948 Rick James d. 2004 (James Johnson), American Grammy-winning singer. Music: Come Get It (1978), Give It to Me Baby (1981, #1), and Super Freak (1981). In 1994 he was sentenced to 5½ years in prison for violent drug-induced attacks on women.
1947 Jessica Savitch d. 1983 American news correspondent. NBC newswoman and anchor of PBS news magazine Front Line. She and her boyfriend died in a car crash.
1946 Bart Braverman American actor. TV: Vega$ (1978-81, Bobby "Binzer" Borso).
1938 Sherman Hemsley d. 2012 American actor. TV: The Jeffersons (1975-85, George Jefferson) and Amen (1986-91, Rev. Frye).
1937 Garrett Morris American comedian. TV: Saturday Night Live.
1937 Don Everly American singer, with brother Phil. Music: Bye Bye Love (1957, #1), Wake Up Little Susie (1957), and Gone, Gone, Gone (1965).
1928 Stuart Whitman American actor. TV: Cimarron Strip (1967, Marshal Jim Crown). Film: Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines (1965).
1909 George Beverly Shea d. 2013 gospel singer, featured performer for the Billy Graham ministry. Due to the Billy Graham's Crusades, Shea has sung live before more people than anyone else in history.
1908 George Pal d. 1980 Hungarian-born American Oscar-winning director. Film: When Worlds Collide (1951, Oscar), War of the Worlds (1953, Oscar), and The Time Machine (1960, Oscar).
1901 Clark Gable d. 1960 American Oscar-winning actor. Film: Gone With the Wind (1939, Rhett Butler). Warner Bros. Studios had turned him down, claiming his ears were too big.
1895 John Ford d. 1973 (John Martin Feeney), American Oscar-winning film director of over 130 films. Films: The Grapes of Wrath (1940), My Darling Clementine (1946), and The Quiet Man (1952).
1887 Harry Scherman d. 1969 Canadian-born American author, founder of the Book-of-the-Month Club (1926).
1878 Hattie Wyatt Caraway d. 1950 American politician. She was the first woman: elected to the U.S. Senate (1932, Arkansas); to preside over Senate Sessions (1932); president pro tem of the Senate (1943).
1844 Granville Stanley Hall d. 1924 American psychologist, founder of child psychology. He was the first president of the American Psychological Association, the first president of Clark University, and founder of the American Journal of Psychology (1887).
1834 Henry McNeal Turner d. 1915 American Methodist clergyman. He was the first black chaplain commissioned in the U.S. Army (1863). Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1791 Charles Joseph Sax d. 1865 Belgian instrument maker. His "omnitonic horn" (1824) used a piston to provide different keys. He was the father of saxophone inventor Adolphe Sax.
1763 Thomas Campbell d. 1854 Irish Presbyterian minister. He and his son founded the Church of the Disciples of Christ in America.
Deaths for February 1
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
English author. Creator of Frankenstein. During the rainy, cold volcanic summer of 1816, known as the "Year Without a Summer," caused by the eruption of Mount Tambora, 18-year-old Mary was challenged to write a horror story. Shortly afterwards, she had a waking dream of a corpse brought back to life.
2013 Edward I. Koch b. 1924 American politician, mayor of New York City (1978-89), U.S. House of Representatives (NY, 1969-77).
2002 Hidlegarde Neff b. 1925 (Hidlegard Knef), German actress. During World War II, disguised as a man, she fought on the front lines and was captured by the Russians, but later escaped. Broadway: Silk Stockings (1955). Film: The Sinner (1951).
1997 Marjorie Reynolds b. 1917 (Marjorie Goodspeed), American actress. Film: Holiday Inn (1942) and Ministry of Fear (1944). TV: The Life of Riley (Peg Riley).
1988 Heather O'Rourke b. 1975 American child actress. Film: Poltergeist (1982, Carol Anne) and Poltergeist II (1986).
1980 Jack Bailey b. 1907 American game-show host. TV: Truth or Consequences (1945-56) and Queen for a Day (1948-64).
1970 William Donahey b. 1883 American cartoonist. Creator of The Teenie Weenies (1914), which ran in the Chicago Tribune for over 50 years.
1966 Buster Keaton b. 1895 (Joseph Keaton), American silent film actor. Film: The Navigator (1924) and The General (1927).
1878 George Cruikshank b. 1792 English political cartoonist, illustrator of Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist (1838).
1691 Alexander VIII b. 1610 (Pietro Vito Ottoboni), Italian religious leader, 241st Pope (1689-91).