Today's History Trivia for January 10
1920 World War I Treaty of Versailles takes effect. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Forces. It required Germany to accept sole responsibility for starting the war. Many historians believe the terms of this treaty led to World War II.
Thomas Paine's pamphlet urging independence for the colonies is published. It was an immediate sensation, selling 120,000 copies in its first three months. Per population at the time, it is still the best-selling American title of all time.
1994 Nancy Kerrigan-Tonya Harding According to her court testimony, Harding finds out about her bodyguard's and her ex-husband's involvement in the attack on fellow Olympic figure skater Kerrigan.
1991 Pete Rose The baseball legend is barred from the baseball hall of fame.
1984 Where's the Beef? The Wendy's hamburger chain first airs it famous commercial starring 81-year-old Clara Peller. Wendy's sales jumped 31% during the ad campaign.
1949 7-inch 45 rpm record The new format is introduced by RCA.
1923 World War I The last American troops are withdrawn from Germany.
1901 Texas oil boom The boom begins when oil is struck in Beaumont.
1888 First single lens motion picture camera and projector American inventor Louis LePrince patents his device, taking his first pictures the following October.
1861 Civil War Florida becomes the 3rd state to secede from the Union.
1781 U.S. Department of State is established.
Today's Birthdays for January 10
1968 Lyle Menéndez American murderer. In 1989, he and his brother, Erik, committed the shotgun murders of their wealthy parents in their Los Angeles home. After highly-publicized trials, they are both serving life sentences.
1962 Julie Moran American sportscaster. TV: ABC's Wide World of Sports (its first female host).
1953 Pat Benatar (Patricia Andrzejewski), American Grammy-winning singer. Music: Heartbreaker and Hit Me With Your Best Shot (1980).
1949 Linda Lovelace d. 2002 (Linda Susan Boreman), American porn star. Film: Deep Throat (1972, one of the highest-grossing porn films of all time). In her biography Ordeal she claimed she was forced into porn performances by her abusive husband. In later life, she became an anti-pornography spokeswoman.
1949 George Foreman American boxer, Olympic heavyweight gold medalist (1968) and world heavyweight champion (1973, 1994).
1945 Rod Stewart British singer, songwriter. Music: Every Picture Tells a Story (1971, the first album to be simultaneously #1 in Britain and the U.S.), Maggie May (1971), and Do Ya Think I'm Sexy? (1978, #1).
1943 Jim Croce d. 1973 American singer. Music: You Don't Mess Around With Jim (1972), Bad, Bad Leroy Brown (1973, #1), and Time In A Bottle (1973, #1). He died in a plane crash.
1938 Willie McCovey American Baseball Hall-of-Famer. He was National League Rookie of Year (1959), led the National League in home runs (1963, 68, 69), and was National League MVP 1969.
1908 Paul Henried d. 1992 (Paul George Julius von Henried), Italian-born American actor. Film: Casablanca (1943, Victor Laszlo).
1908 Bernard Lee d. 1981 British actor. Film: Bond's superior M in the first 11 James Bond movies.
1904 Ray Bolger d. 1987 American actor, dancer. Film: The Wizard of Oz (1939, Scarecrow). TV: The Partridge Family (Shirley Jones' father).
1877 Frederick Gardner Cottrell d. 1948 chemist, invented the electrostatic precipitator, used to remove dust and suspended particles from air.
1843 Frank James d. 1915 American outlaw, brother of Jesse James. After Jesse was killed, he surrendered to authorities and was tried twice, but not convicted.
1744 Thomas Mifflin d. 1800 11th president of the Continental Congress (1783-84).
1544 Francis II d. 1560 King of France (1559-60). He married Mary, Queen of Scots (1558).
Deaths for January 10
2016 David Bowie b. 1947 (David Robert Jones), British singer. Music: Space Oddity (1969), The Jean Genie (1973), Fame (1975, #1), and Let's Dance (1983). Broadway: The Elephant Man (1980, title role). Film: The Man Who Fell to Earth (1976, title role) and The Last Temptation of Christ (1988, Pontius Pilate).
1989 Herbert Morrison b. 1905 American radio reporter. He reported the Hindenburg explosion exclaiming, "Oh, the Humanity!"
1980 George Meany b. 1894 American labor official. He was unanimously elected first president of the AFL-CIO (1955-79).
1971 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel b. 1883 French fashion designer, for whom Chanel No. 5 perfume, introduced in 1922, is named.
1961 Dashiell Hammett b. 1894 American author. Writings: The Maltese Falcon (1930) and Adventures of Sam Spade (1944).
1951 Sinclair Lewis b. 1885 American author, first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature (1930 for Babbitt, 1922).
1917 Buffalo Bill b. 1846 (William Frederick Cody), American showman, Pony Express rider who formed the famous Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show.
1862 Samuel Colt b. 1814 American inventor. He patented his revolver in 1836. He also invented the first electrically detonated water mine (1842).
1276 Gregory X b. ???? religious leader, 184th Pope (1271-76).
681 Saint Agatho b. ???? religious leader, 79th Pope (678-681).