Today's History Trivia for January 11
1922 First Human Use of Insulin to Treat Diabetes A 14-year-old diabetic was given the first injection of insulin at Toronto General Hospital. He had been slipping in and out of a diabetic coma and was about to die. The injections immediately improved his symptoms. However, the insulin was so impure, he suffered a severe allergic reaction and treatment had to be cancelled. An improved insulin was injected on January 23, which was completely successful. The insulin was from the pancreases of cattle.
1908 Grand Canyon U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt declares the Grand Canyon a national monument declaring, "Let this great wonder of nature remain as it now is. Do nothing to mar its grandeur, sublimity and loveliness. You cannot improve on it."
1988 West German disco bombing A German woman is arrested for the 1986 bombing. The U.S. had originally blamed Libyan leader Muammar el-Qaddafi and retaliated by bombing Libya, killing his infant daughter.
1988 Iran-Contra Affair Vice-Pres. George Bush gives a sworn deposition to prosecutors, including testimony indicating his involvement. This information was not made public until five days before he left office as president (1993).
1973 Monopoly Atlantic City Public Works holds a hearing to change the names of Baltic and Mediterranean Avenues. The idea is vetoed due to a national outcry from Monopoly fans.
1966 Daktari The TV show debuts on CBS. It became the first U.S. TV show to be shown in the Soviet Union.
1960 CBN Pat Robertson forms The Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN), the first Christian television network established in the United States.
1935 Amelia Earhart The famed aviator becomes the first person to fly from Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland California.
1861 Civil War Alabama becomes the 4th state to secede from the Union.
1787 Uranus Sir William Herschel discovered two of the planet's moons: Oberon and Titania.
1759 First American Life Insurance Company It is founded in Philadelphia. They issued their first policy in 1761.
Today's Birthdays for January 11
1757 Alexander Hamilton d. 1804 American statesman, the first Secretary of the U.S. Treasury (1789-1795). He founded the U.S. Coast Guard (1790) and the first U.S. political party (1789, Federalist Party). He died of a gunshot wound from a duel with Aaron Burr.
1980 Letizia, Linda, Fabrizio, Francesco, Giorgio, and Roberto Giannini Italian sextuplets. They were the second set of sextuplets in the world to survive past infancy. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1946 Naomi Judd American Grammy-winning country singer. Music: Mama He's Crazy (1984, #1) and Why Not Me (1984, #1).
1930 Rod Taylor d. 2015 Australian actor. TV: Falcon Crest (Frank Argretti). Film: The Time Machine (1960) and Inglourious Basterds (2009, Winston Churchill).
1926 Yevgeny Ivanov d. 1994 Russian spy. In 1963, British secretary of state for war, John Profumo, resigned after it was discovered that he was having an affair with the same woman as Ivanov. This became known as the "Profumo Affair." In his memoirs, The Naked Spy (1992), he claimed he had been able to obtain significant military intelligence by accessing British political circles.
1908 Lionel Stander d. 1994 American actor. TV: Hart to Hart (Max the Chauffeur).
1886 George Zucco d. 1960 British actor, noted for his villainous roles. Film: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1939, Prof. Moriarty), The Mummy’s Hand (1940), The Mummy’s Ghost (1944), House of Frankenstein (1944).
1815 Sir John Alexander Macdonald d. 1891 Canadian politician, first prime minister of Canada (1857-58, 1868-73, 1878-91).
1807 Ezra Cornell d. 1874 American telegraph pioneer, founder of Western Union Telegraph (1855) and Cornell University (1865).
Deaths for January 11
American musician. Survivor of "The Day the Music Died". He was touring with Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson when he lost a coin toss with Valens for a seat on the plane. The plane crashed, killing Valens, Holly, Richardson, and the pilot. Allsup was originally one of the five people reported dead in the crash. Holly had Allsup's wallet on him at the time of the crash because Holly agreed to retrieve Allsup's mail at the post office.
2015 Anita Ekberg b. 1931 Swedish-Italian voluptuous actress, Mrs. Sweden (1951). Film: La Dolce Vita (1959).
2014 Ariel "Arik" Sharon b. 1928 Israeli general, politician. 11th Prime Minister of Israel (2001-2006). He was a commander in the Israeli Army from its creation in 1948.
2011 David Nelson b. 1936 American actor. TV: The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet (as himself).
1995 Lewis Nixon III b. 1918 American WWII paratrooper. Known for his love of blended whiskey, he was portrayed by Ron Livingston in the HBO series Band of Brothers.
1991 Carl David Anderson b. 1905 American physicist. He discovered the positron (1932) for which he shared the 1936 Nobel Prize. He and his graduate student, Seth Neddermeyer, discovered the muon (1936, originally called mu-meson).
1988 Gregory "Pappy" Boyington b. 1912 American World War II flying ace. His book Baa Baa Black Sheep (1958) chronicled his days with the Flying Tigers and the The Black Sheep squadrons.
1985 Charles "Commando" Kelly b. 1920 American soldier. He was the first WWII solider in the European war theater to receive the Medal of Honor. He had made several reconnaissance missions under fire and held off the Germans so others could evacuate an ammo dump.
1981 Beulah Bondi b. 1889 (Beulah Bondy), American Emmy-winning actress She died from injuries caused by tripping over her cat. Film: It's a Wonderful Life (1946, George Bailey's mother).
1941 Emanuel Lasker b. 1868 German chess master, world chess champion (1894-1921).
1909 Joseph Wharton b. 1826 American steel magnate. He founded Bethlehem Steel Co. and the world's first business school: Wharton School of Finance and Political Economy at the Univ. of Pennsylvania (1881).
1891 Georges Eugene Haussmann b. 1809 French financier. He was responsible for the rebuilding of Paris in the mid 1800s and for building its underground sewer system.
1874 Gail Borden b. 1801 American inventor. He developed a process for making condensed milk (1853).
1843 Francis Scott Key b. 1779 American lawyer, poet. He wrote The Star-Spangled Banner (1814) during the British bombardment of Ft. McHenry during the War of 1812.
1753 Sir Hans Sloane b. 1660 English physician. Upon his death, he gave a collection of items which formed the nucleus of the British Museum.
705 John VI b. ???? Greek-born religious leader, 85th Pope (701-705).
314 Saint Melchiades b. ???? African-born religious leader, 32nd Pope (311-314).