Today's History Trivia for January 12
1962 Vietnam War - Operation Chopper The first U.S. participation in major combat in the Vietnam War. U.S. helicopters transport over 1,000 South Vietnamese paratroopers for an assault on a suspected Viet Cong stronghold 10 miles west of Saigon. The Viet Cong were soundly defeated.
1987 The Morning Show The TV show debuts on CBS, with hosts Mariette Hartley and Rolland Smith.
1981 Dynasty The TV show debuts on ABC.
1969 First AFL team to win the Super Bowl The New York Jets defeat the Baltimore Colts (16-7). Although first played in 1967, this was the first year this championship was called the "Super Bowl."
1966 Batman The TV show debuts on ABC.
1960 First Professional Basketball Player to Score 15,000 Points Dolph Schayes of the Syracuse Nationals. Source: Famous First Facts
1949 Arthur Godfrey and His Friends The TV show debuts on CBS.
1932 First woman elected to the U.S. Senate Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas is elected. She had been serving by appointment as a replacement for her deceased husband since November.
1896 First U.S. medical X-ray Performed by Dr. H.L. Smith at Davidson College.
1812 First steam boat to travel down the Mississippi The New Orleans arrives in New Orleans. It had departed from Pittsburgh in September.
1773 First public museum in America: The Charleston Museum in South Carolina is organized.
Today's Birthdays for January 12
1893 Hermann Wilhelm Göring d. 1946 German Field Marshal under Hitler. He was sentenced to death for war crimes. He asked to be shot as a soldier instead of hanged as a common criminal, but the court refused. He then committed suicide with a potassium cyanide capsule while in prison.
Latvian sculptor. He built Coral Castle, working alone and using what he claimed were the lost secrets of the Egyptian pyramid builders. He originally built in Florida City in the 1920s, then in the 30s moved the castle to its present location near Homestead, Florida.
1628 Charles Perrault d. 1703 French author. In 1697, he published his now famous versions of popular folk tales, which included: Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, Bluebeard, Little Red Riding-Hood, and Puss in Boots.
1967 Vendela (Vendela Kirsebom), Swedish model. She was the cover for the 1993 Sports Illustrated swim suit issue.
1954 Howard Stern American radio disc jockey, TV personality. He signed a five year, $500 million deal with the satellite radio service Sirius. It also had an additional $225 million stock bonus which he received for attracting a certain number of listeners in a given time.
1951 Rush Limbaugh (Rush Hudson Limbaugh III), American conservative political commentator. Writings: The Way Things Ought to Be (1992, New York Times Best Seller).
1951 Kirstie Alley American Emmy-winning actress. Film: Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (1982, the bald-headed Lt. Saavik) and Look Who's Talking (1989). TV: Cheers (Rebecca).
1944 Joe Frazier d. 2011 American Hall of Fame heavyweight boxing champion (1970-73) and heavyweight Olympic gold medalist (1964).
1928 Ruth Brown d. 2006 American Rock & Roll Hall of Fame jazz singer, Tony-winning actress, Queen of R&B. She was Atlantic Records' best-selling artist for the 1950s. Atlantic Records was sometimes referred to as: "The house the Ruth built." Music: Teardrops From My Eyes (1950, #1) and (Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean (1953, #1).
1925 Bill Burrud d. 1990 American TV personality. TV: Animal Safari (host) and Safari to Adventure (host).
1910 Luise Rainer d. 2014 German Oscar-winning actress. Film: The Great Ziegfeld (1936, Oscar, Anna Held) and The Good Earth (1937, Oscar). She was the first actor to win consecutive Oscars (1936, 1937).
1876 Jack London d. 1916 (John Griffith London), American author. Writings: The Call of the Wild (1903) and White Fang (1905).
1874 Carl Fisher d. 1939 American entrepreneur, Mr. Miami Beach. He started what is considered the first automobile dealership in the U.S., helped organize the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, and developed Miami Beach. He lost his fortune, an estimated $100 million, in the 1929 stock market crash leaving him penniless.
1729 Edmund Burke d. 1797 British statesman. Noted for his famous quote "All that is necessary for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing."
1588 John Winthrop d. 1649 English colonizer. He was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1630) and the first president of the united colonies of New England (1645).
Deaths for January 12
1519 Vasco Nunez de Balboa b. circa 1475 Spanish explorer. The first European to discover the Pacific Ocean (1513). Balboa fame posed a threat to Pedro Arias Dávila, the Spanish governor of Darién, who falsely accused him of treason and had him beheaded.
2017 William Peter Blatty b. 1928 American Oscar-winning screenwriter. Film: The Exorcist (1973), which he finished using the $10,000 he won on You Bet Your Life.
2003 Maurice Gibb b. 1949 British singer, songwriter, with the Bee Gees. Music: Stayin' Alive (1977) and Night Fever (1977, #1).
2000 Marc Davis b. 1913 American animator. He is the designer of many Disney characters, such as Snow White, Thumper in Bambi, Cinderella, Tinker Bell, and Cruella De Vil.
1991 Keye Luke b. 1904 Chinese-born American actor. Film: Charlie Chan's No. 1 son. TV: Kung Fu (Master Po).
1990 Laurence Johnston Peter b. 1919 Canadian author, creator of the Peter Principle (1968) - "In a hierarchy, every employee tends to rise to his level of incompetence." Writings: The Peter Principle.
1976 Dame Agatha Christie b. 1890 English mystery author. Creator of Hercule Poirot and Jane Marple. Her literary career began when her sister challenged her to write a mystery in which the identity of the culprit couldn't be guessed.
1967 James Hiram Bedford b. 1893 American psychology professor. He was the first person cryogenically frozen. His remains currently reside at the Alcor Life Extension Foundation awaiting a time that they might be revived.
1943 Howard Atwood Kelly b. 1858 American surgeon, gynecologist. He developed the open cystoscope, used to introduce light into the interior of the body, and was a pioneer in use of radium to treat cancer.
1909 Hermann Minkowski b. 1864 Russian mathematician. In 1907, he laid the mathematical foundation for Einstein's general theory of relativity.
1519 Maximilian I b. 1459 Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1493-1519).