Today's History Trivia for January 23
1930 First Nazi to Take Office Wilhelm Frick becomes State Minister of the Interior and of Education in the coalition government of Thuringia, making him the first Nazi to hold any ministerial-level office in pre-Nazi Germany. He used his position to replace officials with Nazi Party members and banned several newspapers as well as pacifist drama and film performances. He became parliamentary leader of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler’s minister of the interior, who played a major role in drafting and carrying out the Nazis’ anti-Semitic measures. After World War II, he was tried and convicted of war crimes at the Nuremberg Trials and executed by hanging.
1570 First Assassination by Firearm James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray is fatally wounded with a carbine shot from a window while passing down the street. This is the first recorded assassination by firearm.
1983 The A-Team, starring Mr. T., debuts on NBC.
1977 Roots begins airing on ABC for eight consecutive nights. The story of Kunta Kinte and his descendants was the highest-rated series ever with 130,000,000 people watching the conclusion.
1975 Barney Miller debuts on ABC.
1971 Lowest recorded temperature in the U.S., -79.8º in Prospect Creek, Alaska.
1968 USS Pueblo is captured by North Korea, the captain and crew are held captive for 11 months.
1964 24th Amendment ratified, a person could not be required to pay a tax to vote in federal elections.
1960 Deepest manned ocean descent The U.S. Navy bathyscaphe Trieste, descends 35,800 feet into the Marianas Trench in the Pacific Ocean.
1933 20th Amendment It is ratified. Called the "Lame Duck Amendment," it specified that the President's and Vice-President's terms were to begin on January 20.
1845 First Tuesday after the first Monday in November is declared by Congress to be the day for presidential elections.
1789 First Roman Catholic College in the U.S. Georgetown College in Washington D.C. is founded by Father John Carroll. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
Today's Birthdays for January 23
1920 Walter Frederick Morrison d. 2010 American inventor. He invented the Frisbee (c1937). He got the idea when someone offered to buy the cake pan he and his future wife were tossing back and forth at the beach. He was also a prisoner of the infamous Stalag 13 during World War II.
1950 Richard Dean Anderson American actor. TV: General Hospital (Dr. Jeff Weber) and MacGyver (Stace MacGyver).
1944 Rutger Hauer Dutch actor. Film: Blade Runner (1982) and The Hitcher (1986).
1943 Gil Gerard American actor. TV: The Doctors (Dr. Alan Stewart) and Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (title role).
1934 Lou Antonio American actor, director. TV: The Snoop Sisters (Barney the chauffeur) and Rich Man, Poor Man (director).
1933 Chita Rivera (Dolores Conchita del Rivero), American Tony-winning actress. Stage: Kiss of the Spider Woman (1993, Tony).
1928 Jeanne Moreau French actress. Film: Jules and Jim (1961) and Going Places (1974).
1919 Ernie Kovacs d. 1962 American comedian. TV: The Tonight Show (1956-57, host).
1907 Bob Steele d. 1988 (Robert North Bradbury Jr.), American actor. TV: F Troop (Trooper Duffy).
1904 Anya Seton d. 1990 (Ann Seton), American author of historical romances. Writings: Dragonwyck and Foxfire. Her father, Ernest Thompson Seton was a founding pioneer of the Boy Scouts of America.
1898 Randolph Scott d. 1987 (Randolph Crane), American actor. Film: Seven Men from Now (1956), The Tall T (1957), and Ride the High Country (1962).
Deaths for January 23
2011 Jack LaLanne b. 1914 (Francois Henri LaLanne), American fitness expert. He opened the first U.S. fitness club (1936), invented the jumping jack, designed the first leg extension machines, and pulley machines using cables. TV: The Jack LaLanne Show (1951-85, the first television exercise program).
2005 Johnny Carson b. 1925 American Emmy-winning TV late-night host of the Tonight Show for nearly 30 years.
2004 Bob Keeshan b. 1927 American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Howdy Doody (Clarabell the Clown) and Captain Kangaroo (title role). Quote: If you want more time in your life, don't watch TV.
2003 Nell Carter b. 1948 American Tony-Emmy-winning actress. TV: Gimme a Break (1981-87, Nell Harper). Broadway: Ain't Misbehavin' (1978, Tony).
1992 Freddie Bartholomew b. 1924 (Frederick Cecil Bartholomew), English-born American child actor. One of the most famous child actors of his time, he commanded a salary even higher than that of Shirley Temple. Film: David Copperfield (1935, Copperfield as a young boy) and Little Lord Fauntleroy (1936).
1989 Salvador Dali b. 1904 Spanish artist, The Persistence of Memory (1931).
1989 George Case b. 1915 American baseball player. Led the American League in stolen bases six times.
1978 Terry Kath b. 1946 American rock guitarist, founding member of the band Chicago. He accidently killed himself playing with a gun. His last words were, "Don't worry, it's not loaded."
1944 Edvard Munch b. 1863 Norwegian artist. Paintings: The Scream (1893).
1936 John Mills, Jr b. 1911 American ukulele/guitarist, with the Mills Brothers, the most popular vocal group of all time.
1893 Phillips Brooks b. 1835 American clergyman. He wrote the carol O Little Town of Bethlehem (1868). Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1875 Charles Kingsley b. 1819 English clergyman, author. Writings: Westward Ho! (1855).
1858 Luigi Lablache b. 1794 Italian opera singer. He sang at the funerals of Franz Joseph Haydn (1809), Ludwig van Beethoven (1827) and Frederic Chopin (1849).
1813 George Clymer b. 1739 American politician, signer of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
1800 Edward Rutledge b. 1749 American politician, member of the first Continental Congress (1774) and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1789 John Cleland b. 1709 English author, Fanny Hill, or the Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (1749).
1002 Otto III b. ???? Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (983-1002), because of his great intellect he was called the "Wonder of the World."