Today's History Trivia for January 2
1974 55 mph The Presidential act to reduce the 70-mph speed limit to 55 mph is signed by U.S. Pres. Richard Nixon. It was intended to save fuel in response to the 1973 oil crisis. The act was repealed in 1995.
2002 Buddy Pres. Clinton's chocolate Labrador retriever is hit by a car and killed while running loose near their Chappaqua, New York home.
1971 Sixty-six people are killed at a soccer game in Glasgow, Scotland. Metal barriers collapsed causing a stampede crushing more than 200 fans.
1960 16-year-old Bobby Fischer wins the U.S. Chess championship.
1959 First moon shot The USSR Lunik I is launched. It missed, becoming the first man-made object to pass near the moon and the first man-made object to orbit the Sun.
1959 Fidel Castro becomes prime minister of Cuba.
1953 McCarthyism Sen. Joseph McCarthy is condemned by the U.S. Senate for his actions during his investigations into Communist activity.
1953 The Life of Riley debuts on NBC for the second time, starring William Bendix as Chester A. Riley.
1952 Pope Pius XII declares TV as a threat to family life.
1921 First religious radio broadcast in the U.S. The Calvary Episcopal Church begins broadcasting over KDKA in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1906 Air Conditioning Willis Carrier applies for a patent for the modern-style electric air conditioner.
1903 Pres. Roosevelt closes a Missouri post office for refusing to employ Minnie Cox, a black female, as postmaster.
1888 Drinking straw Marvin Chester Stone of Washington D.C. patents his invention.
1788 Georgia becomes the 4th state.
Today's Birthdays for January 2
Russian-born American science-fiction author and giver of the "three laws of robotics." Writings: I, Robot (1950).
1647 Nathaniel Bacon d. 1676 American colonial leader. He led Bacon's Rebellion (1676), overthrowing the governor of Virginia and burning Jamestown to the ground. The settlers were upset due to excessive taxes, loss of self rule, and the governor's refusal to protect them against Indians. Bacon died shortly after the rebellion due to dysentery.
1940 Jim Bakker (James Orsen), American televangelist. TV: The 700 Club (first permanent host) and PTL Club (co-host with wife Tammy Faye). He served 4½ years in prison (1989-94) for defrauding his followers of $158,000,000.
1936 Roger Miller d. 1992 American Grammy (11 from 1964-65) and Tony-winning composer. He wrote King of the Road (1965, #1), which became the hobo anthem.
1926 Howard Caine d. 1993 American actor. TV: Hogan's Heroes (1965-71, Major Hochstedder).
1913 Anna Lee d. 2004 English actress. She was paralyzed from the waist down in a car accident, yet continued acting in a wheelchair for more than two decades. TV: General Hospital (Lila Quartermaine).
1857 Frederick Burr Opper d. 1937 American cartoonist. He created Happy Hooligan (1902) and illustrated works for Mark Twain.
1836 Emma d. 1885 Queen of the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) (1855-63). She was the first queen to visit the U.S. (1866).
Deaths for January 2
2011 Anne Francis b. 1930 American actress. Film: Forbidden Planet (1956, Alta Morbius). TV: Honey West (1965-66), Rip Tide (charter boat operator Mama Jo). She started as a child star of radio soap operas. Honey West was the first TV series with a female detective character's name in the title.
1989 Eddie Heywood, Jr b. 1915 American jazz pianist. Composed Canadian Sunset.
1963 Dick Powell b. 1904 American actor, singer. His death was attributed to radiation exposure received from an A-bomb test near the filming of a movie in 1953.
1934 F.W. Rueckheim b. 1846 German-born American candy maker. He and his brother created Cracker Jack candy (1893), to which he started adding prizes in 1921.
1924 Sabine Baring-Gould b. 1834 English clergyman, author of the hymn Onward Christian Soldiers. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church