Today's History Trivia for January 5
2004 Vice-President Cheney Cheney and Supreme Court Justice Scalia go on a three-day hunting trip together. Scalia would later refuse to recuse himself from a pending court case involving Cheney that the court had agreed to hear just three weeks earlier.
1987 Pres. Reagan produces the nation's first trillion-dollar budget.
1968 Dr. Benjamin Spock is indicted for conspiracy to aid others in draft evasion. He was later convicted and sentenced to two years.
1925 First woman U.S. governor Mrs. Nellie Tayloe Ross, Wyoming, takes office.
1905 National Association of Audubon Societies The organization is incorporated. It is dedicated to protecting birds.
1887 First U.S. library school Opens at Columbia University.
1818 First ocean liner The James Monroe sets sail on its maiden voyage from New York to England. It arrived February 2.
1776 First state constitution Adopted by the New Hampshire Colony.
Today's Birthdays for January 5
Stephen Decatur Jr
American naval officer. Known for heroism in battle, he is the youngest person to reach the rank of captain in the history of the United States Navy (1804 at age 25). He died from a duel with fellow navy captain James Barron.
1953 Pamela Sue Martin American actress. TV: Nancy Drew Mysteries (Nancy Drew) and Dynasty (Fallon Colby).
1953 George Tenet U.S. Director of the CIA (1997-2004).
1950 Chris Stein American guitarist, with Blondie. Music: Heart of Glass (1979, #1), Call Me (1980, #1), and Rapture (1981, #1).
1947 Mercury Morris American football running back.
1946 Diane Keaton (Diane Hall), American Oscar-winning actress. Film: Annie Hall (1977, Oscar).
1931 Robert Duvall American Oscar-winning actor. Film: The Godfather (1972), Apocalypse Now (1979), and Tender Mercies (1982, Oscar).
1928 Walter Frederick Mondale 42nd U.S. Vice-President (1977-81) and U.S. Ambassador to Japan.
1917 Jane Wyman d. 2007 (Sarah Jane Fulks), American Oscar-winning actress. Film: Johnny Belinda (1948, Oscar, deaf-mute rape victim). TV: Falcon Crest (Angela Channing). She was the ex-wife of Ronald Reagan (1940-49).
1904 Jeane L. Dixon d. 1997 (Lydia Emma Pinckert), American astrologer, psychic. John Allen Paulos coined the term "the Jeane Dixon effect" - the tendency to promote a few correct predictions while ignoring a larger number of incorrect predictions. Dixon made many incorrect predictions, such as predicting the Russians would be the first to put a man on the Moon.
1895 Jeannette Ridlon Piccard d. 1981 American scientist and Episcopal priest. She was the first American woman to qualify as a free-balloon pilot (1934) and the first person to successfully fly a balloon through a layer of clouds (1934).
1855 King Camp Gillette d. 1932 American manufacturer, inventor of the safety razor (1895).
1794 Edmund Ruffin d. 1865 American agriculturist. He fired the first shot of the attack on Fort Sumter starting the Civil War. According to legend, he wrapped himself in the Confederate flag and committed suicide after the collapse of the Confederacy.
1782 Robert Morrison d. 1834 English missionary, first Protestant minister to China (1807). In 1823 he completed his Chinese translation of the entire Bible. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1779 Zebulon Montgomery Pike d. 1813 American general, for whom Pikes Peak is named. He was killed while leading the attack on York (now Toronto), Canada.
Deaths for January 5
(Jeanne Florentine Bourgeois), French actress, singer. Her risqué and flamboyant routines made France's most-popular entertainer and the highest-paid female entertainer in the world.
1998 Sonny Bono b. 1935 (Salvatore Bono), American singer with Cher, mayor, and U.S. Representative. Music: I Got You Babe (1965, #1).
1994 Thomas "Tip" O'Neill b. 1912 American politician, Speaker of the House.
1988 "Pistol" Pete Maravich b. 1947 American basketball player, NBA Hall of Famer (1986).
1981 Harold Clayton Urey b. 1893 American chemist. He discovered heavy water (1931), for which he won the 1934 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
1943 George Washington Carver b. circa 1864 American black agricultural scientist, inventor. He is renowned for his research into the industrial use of crops, especially peanuts and sweet potatoes.
1933 Calvin Coolidge b. 1872 30th U.S. President (1923-29) and 29th U.S. Vice-President (1921-23). He became president after the death of Harding.
1886 Joshua Ballinger Lippincott b. 1813 American publisher, founder of J.B. Lippincott & Co. (1836).
1860 John Nepomucene Neumann b. 1811 Bohemian-born American Roman Catholic Bishop (Philadelphia, 1852). He was the first American male saint (1977).
1796 Samuel Huntington b. 1731 7th president of the Continental Congress (1779-81), signer of the Declaration of Independence, president of the Continental Congress (1779-81), and governor of Connecticut (1786-96).