Today's History Trivia for July 15
2005 Disneyland The theme park becomes the first location to get a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1993 Killer Bees First U.S. death from "Killer Bees." An 82-year-old Texas man is killed by a swarm of the Africanized bees.
1992 Marriage cost limit The state of Orissa in India passes a law limiting the cost of a marriage ceremony to $800 (the average annual middle-class income) and limits the reception to 50 guests, punishable by up to six years in jail.
1989 Dan Quayle The U.S. Vice-President states, "As America celebrates the 20th anniversary of Neil Armstrong, Buzz Lukens walking on the Moon." - Apparently confusing Buzz Aldrin who walked on the moon with Buzz Lukens, a Congressional sex offender.
1975 First manned Soviet-American space project Apollo 18 and Soviet Soyuz 19 are launched. Two days later they linked together in space.
1957 Edsel The first official day of production of the automobile that would come to symbolize a flop in popular culture.
1954 First flight of the Boeing 707 capable of flying 219 passengers at 600 mph.
1952 First transatlantic helicopter flight Two U.S. Air Force pilots - in separate helicopters - take off from Massachusetts, completing the 3,410-mile Atlantic crossing on July 31.
1933 First around-the-world solo flight begins, by Wiley Post in the Winnie Mae, completing the journey on July 22.
1904 First Buddhist temple in the U.S. The Shinshu Sect establishes a temple in Los Angeles. The chief priest was Rinban Izumeda.
1881 Jesse James James commits his last murders when he kills a railroad engineer and a passenger while he and his gang, including his brother Frank, were holding up a train near Winston, Missouri.
1870 Civil War Georgia becomes the last state readmitted to the Union.
1834 Spanish Inquisition The infamous Inquisition, authorized by Pope Sixtus IV in 1478, is officially ended.
1815 Napoleon - 100 Days War Napoleon surrenders to the British at Rochefort after his loss the previous month at Waterloo. He was then exiled to Saint Helena where he died six years later.
1789 Andrew Jackson The future President of the U.S. signs a loyalty pledge swearing allegiance to Spain.
1099 First Crusade Christian soldiers, after a seven-day siege, take Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Muslims and Jews were slaughtered in the aftermath of the siege.
Today's Birthdays for July 15
1960 Willie Aames American actor. TV: Charles in Charge (Buddy Lembeck) and Eight Is Enough (Tommy Bradford).
1951 Jesse "The Body" Ventura (James George Janos), American wrestler, actor. Governor of Minnesota (1999-2003, Reform Party). Film: Predator (1987, Blain)
1946 Linda Ronstadt American Grammy-winning singer. Music: You're No Good (1975, #1), When Will I Be Loved (1975), and Blue Bayou (1977).
1944 Jan-Michael Vincent American actor. Film: World's Greatest Athlete (1973). TV: Airwolf (Hawke).
1943 Jocelyn Bell Burnell British astronomer. She discovered pulsars (1967), while studying quasars. She noticed an unusual radio signal pulsing every 1.3 seconds which turned out to be the new type of celestial object.
1935 Ken Kercheval American actor. TV: Dallas (Cliff Barnes).
1935 Alex Karras d. 2012 American College Hall of Fame football player, pro wrestler, actor. TV: Webster (1983–89, Webster's adoptive father George). Film: Blazing Saddles (1974, Mongo). Football: NFL Detroit Lions (1958-62, 1964-70).
1928 Carl Richard Woese d. 2012 American microbiologist. He defined the Archaea (1977, a new domain or kingdom of life) and identified methanogens, a form of life that lives in oxygen-deprived environments and survive by reducing CO2 and oxidizing hydrogen, and releasing the resulting methane. He also originated the RNA world hypothesis (1967).
1922 Leon Max Lederman American Nobel-winning physicist. He and Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger received the Nobel Prize for Physics (1988) for the discovery of the subatomic particle the muon neutrino. Quote: "Physics isn't a religion. If it were, we'd have a much easier time raising money."
1906 Richard Willard Armour d. 1989 American author, poet. Writings: It All Started With Eve (1956). Poem: "Middle Age is a time of life, that a man first notices in his wife."
1900 Thomas Francis, Jr d. 1969 American virologist, epidemiologist. He was the first American to isolate the virus influenza A (1934) and showed that there are other strains, such as influenza B (1940) and developed an effective vaccine against both strains. He also conducted the field trials of the polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk.
1850 Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini d. 1917 patron saint of Emigrants, first American to be declared a Saint by the Roman Catholic Church (1946). She founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart.
Deaths for July 15
General Tom Thumb
(Charles Sherwood Stratton), American dwarf. At 102 cm (3.35 ft) tall, he travelled with P.T. Barnum. His marriage to Lavinia Warren (81 cm (2.66 ft) tall) made front page news and had 10,000 guests. The wedding couple was then received by President Lincoln at the White House.
2012 Celeste Holm b. 1917 American Oscar-winning actress. Film: Gentleman's Agreement (1947, Oscar) and All About Eve (1950). Stage: Oklahoma! (1943, Ado Annie).
2006 Robert H b. 1936 Brooks, American businessman, founder of Naturally Fresh Foods. He purchased the Hooters restaurant chain. Quote: "Good food, cold beer and pretty girls never go out of style."
2004 Major Charles Sweeney b. 1919 American pilot, flew the plane which dropped the "Fat Man" atom bomb on Nagasaki (1945). Sixty percent of the city was destroyed and approximately 70,000 people were killed in the initial blast.
1991 Bert Convy b. 1933 American Emmy-winning game show host, actor. TV: Super Password.
1974 Chris Chubbuck b. 1944 Florida talk-show host. During her live TV broadcast she announced "In keeping with Channel 40's policy of bringing you the latest in blood… and guts in living color. We bring you another first: an attempt at suicide." She then fatally shot herself in the head.
1948 John Joseph Pershing b. 1860 American general, commander in chief of the American forces during World War I (1917-19) and U.S. Army chief of staff (1921-24).
1940 Robert Pershing Wadlow b. 1918 American giant, the world's tallest person: 8 ft. 11½ in. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1939 Eugen Bleuler b. 1857 Swiss psychiatrist. He coined the term "Schizophrenia" (1908, schizo=split, phrene=mind). He also coined the terms "ambivalence" (1911) and "autism" (1912).
1939 Carl Fisher b. 1874 American entrepreneur, Mr. Miami Beach. He started what is considered the first automobile dealership in the U.S., helped organize the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, and developed Miami Beach. He lost his fortune, an estimated $100 million, in the 1929 stock market crash leaving him penniless.
1936 Richard Dixon Oldham b. 1858 Irish geologist and seismologist. He discovered evidence of the Earth's molten core (1906) by studying the 1897 Indian Earthquake.
1930 Robert Ernest House b. 1875 American physician. He discovered that scopolamine hydrobromide could be used as a "truth serum." However, later research showed that its use was unreliable due to its hallucinogenic effects.
1904 Anton Pavlovich Chekhov b. 1860 Russian author, The Three Sisters (1901) and The Cherry Orchard (1904).
1868 Dr. William T. G. Morton b. 1819 (William Thomas Green Morton), American dentist. He performed the first tooth extraction under anesthesia; using ether (Sep 30, 1846).
1828 Jean-Antoine Houdon b. 1741 French sculpture, created the bust of George Washington (1788) that now appears on the U.S. quarter.