Today's History Trivia for July 22
1934 John Dillinger Killed? - Or FBI Cover-Up? The bank robber, noted for his daring prison escapes, is reportedly killed outside a Chicago movie house by FBI agents. However, the autopsy, witnessed by more than 40 doctors, had several notable discrepancies: The wrong eye color, height, weight, and no mention of certain known scars. The corpse had teeth that Dillinger was known to be missing. The corpse had a heart condition that was inconsistent with Dillinger's medical history. Even Dillinger's own father said the corpse was not that of his son. The gun the FBI for years claimed he was carrying when killed wasn't even manufactured until after his death. Some claim the person killed this day was actually Jimmy Lawrence, a petty criminal who looked like Dillinger. On the other hand, his sister did confirm the corpse as that of her brother. The corpse's fingerprints, although believed to have been altered by burning them with acid, showed similarities to Dillinger's fingerprints.
2003 Iraq War American troops kill Saddam Hussein's two sons, Uday and Qusay, during a raid on a home in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul.
1991 Jeffrey Dahmer Milwaukee police find human body parts in his apartment. He admitted to killing and dismembering 17 men.
1980 TV Strike The American Federation of Television and Radio Artists and the Screen Actors Guild go on strike, delaying the start of the fall TV season. The strike ended October 3.
1933 First around-the-world solo flight is completed, by Wiley Post in the Winnie Mae. The flight began on July 15.
1932 Federal Home Loan Bank Board is established, supervise and regulate savings institutions.
1861 Civil War Congress declares that the war is not being fought to end slavery, but to preserve the Union.
1587 Lost Colony of Roanoke A group of 117 colonists land on Roanoke Island. A month later, the first English child born in the Americas was born there. Three years later, a relief party would return to the colony to find all of the colonists missing. The only clue to their fate was the word "CROATOAN" carved on a post.
Today's Birthdays for July 22
1973 Ronald Ray Howard d. 2005 American criminal, "Rap Music Killer." He was executed for the 1992 murder of a state trooper. He claimed the anti-police rap music he was listening to made him do it.
1964 John Leguizamo Emmy-winning Columbian actor. Film: Spawn (1997, Clown/Violator) and Ice Age (2002, voice of Sid).
1964 David Spade American actor, comedian. TV: Saturday Night Live (1990-96) and Just Shoot Me! (1997), Film: Tommy Boy (1995), Joe Dirt (2001).
1955 Willem Dafoe American actor. Film: Platoon (1986, Sgt. Elias), Mississippi Burning (1988), The Last Temptation of Christ (1988, title role), and Spider-Man (2002, Norman Osborn/The Green Goblin).
1947 Don Henley American drummer, with The Eagles, Take It Easy (1972), Hotel California (1976, #1), and Smuggler's Blues (1985).
1947 Albert Brooks (Albert Einstein), American actor, writer, and brother of Super Dave Osborne.
1946 Danny Glover American actor. Film: Lethal Weapon (1987) and Antz (1998, voices of various ants).
1940 Alex Trebek Canadian-born game show host. TV: The $128,000 Question and Jeopardy!
1934 Louise Fletcher American Oscar-winning actress. TV: Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (Kai Winn Adami). Film: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975, Oscar, evil Nurse Ratched).
1932 Oscar de la Renta d. 2014 (Óscar Arístides Renta Fiallo), Dominican-born American fashion designer. He designed gowns worn by U.S. First Ladies Jacqueline Kennedy, Lady Bird Johnson, Pat Nixon, Betty Ford, Rosalynn Carter, Nancy Reagan, Barbara Bush, Hillary Clinton, Laura Bush, and Michelle Obama.
1928 Orson Bean (Dallas Frederick Burrows), American comic, quiz-show panelist. TV: To Tell the Truth.
1923 Bob Dole American politician, Senator (R-Kansas, 1969-96), Senate Minority Leader.
1922 Dan Rowan d. 1987 American comedian. TV: Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In.
1901 Florence Lowe "Pancho" Barnes d. 1975 American aviator. She was the first woman movie stunt pilot (1929, Hell's Angels). She was portrayed in the film The Right Stuff (1983).
1898 Alexander Calder d. 1976 American sculptor, painter. He invented the mobile (1931). He is one of the most famous artists of the 20th century.
1890 Rose Kennedy d. 1995 American first mother, mother of John F. Kennedy.
1888 Selman Abraham Waksman d. 1973 Ukrainian-born American Nobel-winning microbiologist. While a professor at Rutgers University, he and student Albert Schatz discovered streptomycin, the first antibiotic to successfully treat tuberculosis (1944). He also coined the term "antibiotic," which means "against life."
1888 Floretta McCutcheon d. 1967 American bowler. Although considered the greatest woman bowler of all time, she had never held a bowling ball until she was 33. She bowled 10 perfect games of 300 points.
1887 Gustav Hertz d. 1975 German quantum physicist. He and James Franck received the Nobel Prize for Physics (1925) for confirming the quantum theory that energy can be absorbed by an atom only in definite amounts.
1849 Emma Lazarus d. 1887 American poet who wrote the poem that appears on the Statue of Liberty.
1844 Rev. William Archibald Spooner d. 1930 Spoonerisms are named after him (The reversal of parts of words in a sentence). He once called Queen Victoria "queer old dean" and asked if it was "kisstomary to cuss the bride."
1784 Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel d. 1846 German astronomer. He was the first to measure the distance to a star other than the Sun (1838, 61 Cygni at 11.4 light years).
Deaths for July 22
1934 John Dillinger b. 1903 American outlaw, bank robber, noted for his daring prison escapes. Although he was supposedly killed outside a Chicago movie house by FBI agents, the autopsy, witnessed by more than 40 doctors, had several notable discrepancies: The wrong eye color, height, weight, and no mention of certain known scars. See death.
1915 Sir Sandford Fleming b. 1827 Canadian railroad engineer. He was responsible for establishing time zones (1878). He also designed the first Canadian postage stamp (1851). In values of 3d, 6d, and 12d, and featuring a beaver they were the world's first official postage stamps to feature an animal.
1914 George Crumb b. circa 1824 (George Speck), American chef. He is often credited with inventing the potato chip (c1853) after a customer complained that his french fries were too thick. They became known as Saratoga Chips. However, recipes for potato chips had been published in cook books long before his claims of invention.
2008 Estelle Getty b. 1923 American Emmy-winning actress. TV: The Golden Girls (1985-92, Sophia) and Empty Nest (1993-95).
2003 Uday Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti b. 1964 eldest son of Saddam Hussein and his first wife. In 1988, at a party thrown in the honor of the wife of President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt, Uday beat to death his father's personal valet with a cane in front of horrified guests before finishing him off with an electric carving knife. The valet had recently introduced his father Saddam to a beautiful, younger woman who later became Saddam's second wife. Uday took this as an insult to his mother.
1993 Roscoe Robinson Jr b. 1928 American brigadier general, first black U.S. four-star general.
1980 Marty Mann b. 1904 American social activist, founder of the National Committee for Education on Alcoholism (1944).
1967 Carl Sandburg b. 1878 American Pulitzer-winning poet and Lincoln biographer.
1932 Reginald Fessenden b. 1866 Canadian inventor. He invented the radio transmission method of continuous wave and made the first long-range radio transmission of voice (1906).
1932 Florenz Ziegfeld b. 1867 American theatrical producer. Creator of Ziegfeld Follies (1907).
1916 James Whitcomb Riley b. 1849 American author, The Hoosier Poet, wrote the poem Little Orphan Annie.
1903 Cassius Marcellus Clay b. 1810 American politician, anti-slavery advocate. Known as "The Lion of White Hall." He published the abolitionist weekly The True American (1845) and served as U.S. minister to Russia (1861-69) where he helped with the U.S. purchase of Alaska.
1869 John Augustus Roebling b. 1806 German-born American civil engineer, designer of the Brooklyn Bridge. His use of wire rope enabled him to build suspension bridges thought impossible by other engineers. He died of tetanus from injuries received while inspecting the Brooklyn Bridge.
1826 Giuseppe Piazzi b. 1746 Italian astronomer. He was the first to discover an asteroid (1801, Ceres).
1676 Clement X b. 1590 Italian religious leader, 239th Pope (1670-76).