Today's Holidays for July 24
Pioneer Day celebrated in Utah.
Today's History Trivia for July 24
1993 Fans have a blast Vince Coleman of the New York Mets tosses an explosive - equivalent to a quarter stick of dynamite - at fans after a game, injuring three people.
1992 Tires Recalled for Blasphemy Japanese tire manufacturer Yokohama Rubber Co. makes the recall after it was discovered their computer-designed tread resembled the Islamic word for Allah.
1973 Watergate U.S. Supreme Court rules that Pres. Nixon must turn over 64 tapes of White House conversations to Watergate Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski.
1967 The Beatles A full page ad calling for the legalization of marijuana is placed in the London Times. Its list of signers included the Beatles.
1961 First airplane hijacked from the U.S. to Cuba.
1956 Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis The legendary comedy duo perform at the Copacabana, NY together for the last time as a team.
1946 First underwater atomic explosion The U.S. explodes a device near Bikini Island in the Pacific. It sank ten ships which had been set up as targets.
1851 Window tax of England is repealed, it was first levied in 1696.
1794 First public opinion poll is taken.
Today's Birthdays for July 24
1897 Amelia Earhart d. 1937 American aviator. She was the first woman to fly across the Atlantic (1928), the first woman to fly across the Atlantic solo (1932), and the first woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross (1932). While attempting to circumnavigate the globe, she and her navigator, Fred Noonan, disappeared over the Pacific ocean.
American lynching victim. He was the last recorded lynching in the United States. Members of the KKK beat and kill the 19-year-old African-American and hung his body from a tree. A mistrial had been declared in the trial of a black man charged with killing a policeman in Birmingham, Alabama while committing a robbery. Frustrated at the outcome, KKK members burned a three-foot cross on the Mobile, Alabama County courthouse lawn. They then went in search of a black victim. They kidnapped Michael Donald at random. When he tried to escape, they beat him, strangled him with a rope, and slit his throat. They then hanged his body from a tree across from a house owned by Klan leader Bennie Jack Hays, the father of Henry Hays, one of the attackers. Henry Hays would be executed in 1997 for the crime. It was the only execution of a KKK member during the 20th century for the murder of an African American. James Knowles testified against Hays and was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison. Knowles claimed the slaying was done "to show Klan strength in Alabama." Benjamin Franklin Cox, Jr. was also convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
1951 Lynda Carter American actress, TV's Wonder Woman.
1942 Chris Sarandon American actor. Film: Dog Day Afternoon (1975). TV: The Guiding Light (Tom Halverson).
1936 Ruth Buzzi American actress, comic. TV: Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In.
1936 Mark Goddard American actor. TV: Lost in Space (Maj. Don West).
1935 Pat Oliphant Australian-born Pulitzer-winning political cartoonist.
1920 Bella Abzug d. 1998 American politician and leader of the women's movement. She was the first Jewish woman elected to the U.S. Congress (House of Representatives, New York 1971-77).
1917 Morrie Brickman d. 1994 American cartoonist. Created the small society (1966). He also created the Mr. Yoyo character for Duncan Yoyos.
1914 Frances Kelsey d. 2015 Canadian-born American pharmacologist. She prevented the use of the drug thalidomide in the U.S. (1960) due to safety concerns, even though it had already been approved in Canada and more than 20 European and African countries. Thalidomide was shown to have caused 7,000 babies in Europe to be born with flipper-like arms and legs.
1802 Alexandre Dumas d. 1870 (Dumas père), French author. Writings: The Three Musketeers (1844) and The Count of Monte Cristo (1845).
1783 Simon Bolivar d. 1830 Venezuelan general, "The Liberator." He led revolutions that freed Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela from Spanish rule.
1725 John Newton d. 1807 English clergyman, hymn writer. Music: Amazing Grace (1779), with lyrics, "Amazing grace! (how sweet the sound). That sav'd a wretch like me!"
Deaths for July 24
1862 Martin Van Buren b. 1782 8th U.S. President (1837-41), 8th U.S. Vice-President (1833-37), Secretary of State (1829-31), Governor of New York (1829), U.S. Senator (1821-28, New York). He was blamed for the depression of 1837, being called "Martin Van Ruin." He rejected Texas' admission to the Union, not wanting to upset the balance of free and slave states in the Missouri Compromise.
2013 Virginia Eshelman Johnson b. 1925 American psychologist, author of Human Sexual Response (1966). She and her husband formed the Masters and Johnson sexuality research team.
2012 Sherman Hemsley b. 1938 American actor. TV: The Jeffersons (1975-85, George Jefferson) and Amen (1986-91, Rev. Frye).
2012 Chad Everett b. 1937 (Raymond Lee Cramton), American actor. TV: Medical Center (1969-76, Dr. Joe Gannon).
1997 William Joseph Brennan Jr b. 1906 American lawyer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1956-90).
1992 Arletty b. 1898 (Léonie Bathiat), famed French actress. She was imprisoned for treason for her wartime liaison with a German Luftwaffe officer during the occupation of France (1945). She allegedly later commented, "My heart is French but my ass is international." She was given a sentence of eighteen months imprisonment, most of which was served in a private chateau.
1991 Isaac Bashevis Singer b. 1904 Polish-born American Nobel-winning Yiddish author.
1989 Sunshine Sammy Morrison b. 1912 (Ernest Fredric Morrison), American actor. He was the first African-American child film star and was the first African-American performer signed to a long-term Hollywood contract (1919). Film: The Little Rascals (Booker T.) and the East Side Kids (as Scruno) movies.
1980 Peter Sellers b. 1925 British actor. Film: The Pink Panther (1964, Inspector Clouseau) and Being There (1979, the gardner).
1974 Sir James Chadwick b. 1891 English Nobel-winning physicist. He discovered the neutron (1932), for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.
1921 Cyrus Ingerson Scofield b. 1843 American Bible teacher. Editor of the Scofield Reference Bible (1909) and founded the Central American Mission (1890). Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1883 Matthew Webb b. 1848 Navy Captain, first person to swim the English Channel without a life preserver (Aug 24-25, 1875). He died attempting to swim across the Niagara River. Source: Guinness Book of World Records