Today's History Trivia for July 25
1909 First Airplane Flight Across the English Channel By French aviator Louis Blériot. See video
1991 First discovery of a planet outside our solar system.
1974 U.S. Legal Services Corp. is established, provides financial aid to programs providing legal assistance to qualified clients.
1973 Watergate Pres. Nixon refuses to release the tapes to the Watergate Special Prosecutor as ordered by the U.S. Supreme Court.
1968 Birth control Pope Paul VI issues an encyclical banning all forms of artificial contraception. It stated that the "direct interruption of the generative process already begun" is unlawful and that abortion, even for therapeutic reasons, is absolutely forbidden, as is sterilization.
1965 Dylan Goes Electric Bob Dylan, renowned for his acoustic folk music, plugs in at the Newport Folk Festival. The audience responds with loud booing. Folk music legend Pete Seeger said at the time, "if I had an axe, I'd cut the cable right now."
1959 Hovercraft First Crossing of the English Channel by a Manned Hovercraft. The seven-ton SR.N1 developed by John Cockerell crosses from Calais to Dover.
1956 Sinking of the Andrea Doria Italian liner Andrea Doria collides with the Swedish liner Stockholm shortly before midnight, sinking 12 hours later. 52 of the more 1,600 people aboard killed. One of its lifeboats was found on a New York beach in 1981.
1946 Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis The legendary comedy duo makes their official debut together. Their act at the Atlantic City's 500 Club consisted or Martin trying to sing with Lewis constantly interrupting him.
1944 First jet-fighter used in combat A German jet fires at a British plane, which manages to escape.
1943 Benito Mussolini is deposed and imprisoned by the Italian people. He was rescued in September by the Germans.
Today's Birthdays for July 25
1978 Louise Joy Brown British woman, the world's first test tube baby. The process, known as in vitro fertilization (IVF) actually took place in a Petri dish, not a test tube . Her sister was also conceived through IVF four years later.
Bosnian Serb revolutionary. He assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife the Duchess of Hohenberg, in Sarajevo in 1914. In retaliation, Austria-Hungary then invaded Serbia, which led to World War I.
1957 Ray Billingsley American cartoonist. Creator of Curtis.
1956 Roger Clinton, Jr American relative, half-brother of President Clinton.
1951 Verdine White American singer, with Earth, Wind & Fire. Music: Shining Star (1975, #1, Grammy), Best of My Love (1977, #1), and After the Love has Gone (1979, #2, Grammy).
1923 Estelle Getty d. 2008 American Emmy-winning actress. TV: The Golden Girls (1985-92, Sophia) and Empty Nest (1993-95).
1908 Jack Gilford d. 1990 (Jacob Gellman), American actor. TV: The Crackerjack commercials of the late 1960s and Taxi (Alex's father).
1894 Walter Brennan d. 1974 American Oscar-winning actor. TV: The Real McCoys (Amos McCoy). He was the first actor to win three Oscars (1936, 38, 40).
1884 Davidson Black d. 1934 Canadian anthropologist. He discovered the race Homo erectus (1927) when he identified a single hominid tooth as the "Peking Man."
1750 Henry Knox d. 1806 American Revolutionary War hero. He established the U.S. Military Academy at West Point (1779) and was the first U.S. Secretary of War (1785-94).
Deaths for July 25
2003 John Schlesinger b. 1926 English Oscar-winning director. Film: Midnight Cowboy (1969, Oscar), Marathon Man (1976), and Pacific Heights (1990).
1982 Hal Foster b. 1892 (Harold Rudolf Foster), cartoonist, creator of Prince Valiant and artist for Tarzan.
1934 Francois Coty b. 1874 French perfume maker and newspaper publisher. The Father of Modern Perfumes.
1865 James Barry b. 1795 British surgeon, served in the British armed forces, the first woman doctor of the British Isles, although it wasn't discovered that she was a woman until after her death.
1843 Charles Macintosh b. 1766 Scottish chemist, invented waterproof fabrics used for raincoats (1823).
1842 Dominique-Jean Larrey b. 1766 French surgeon in Napoleon's army. He initiated the use of field hospitals (the forerunner of MASH units), army ambulance corps, and triages. He also published the first description of trench foot.
1564 Ferdinand b. 1503 Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1558-64). His motto was Fiat iustitia, et pereat mundus: "Let justice be done, though the world perish".
1492 Innocent VIII b. 1432 Italian religious leader, 213th Pope (1484-92).