Today's History Trivia for July 2
1881 Pres. Garfield Assassination U.S. President James A. Garfield is shot and mortally wounded by Charles Jules Guiteau. He was shot at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. by Guiteau. Guiteau believed he deserved an appointed position due to his support of Garfield's presidential campaign. When that didn't happen, he decided to kill the President. Garfield died in September after extensive medical treatment. Guiteau was apprehended at the shooting and tried and executed for his crime.
1778 First Woman Executed in the U.S. by American Courts Bathsheba Spooner is hanged. She conspired with her boyfriend and two others to kill her husband. They killed him and put the body in the Spooner's well. She tried to get her execution delayed because she was pregnant with her boyfriend's child. Her request was denied. An autopsy showed that she was pregnant with five-month-old male fetus at the time of execution. This was the first capital case of the newly-formed United States.
1776 Declaration of Independence The Continental Congress votes to adopt a resolution of independence. The vote was unanimous except for New York which abstained. New York would vote to accept the resolution on July 9th. Thomas Jefferson would edit this document, which would then be adopted on July 4th.
1992 The 1,000,000th Corvette rolls off the assembly line.
1991 Guns N' Roses riot The crowd erupts after lead singer Axl Rose ends the concert early. He stormed off the stage after diving into the crowd and attacking a fan for having a camera.
1982 Kiddy-porn A New York law banning the production and sale of kiddy-porn is upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court (9-0).
1976 Death penalty The U.S. Supreme Court overturns its 1972 ban on the death penalty.
1965 Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is established.
1962 Wal-Mart The future retail giant opens its first store in Rogers, Arkansas.
1934 Securities and Exchange Commission is established.
1921 World War I The U.S. terminates its state of war with Germany.
1919 First lighter-than-air transatlantic flight Major George H. Scott takes off from Firth of Fourth, Scotland. He landed in Mineola, New York on July 13.
1900 First flight of a Zeppelin The LZ-1 is flown by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin.
1890 Sherman Antitrust Act designed to prevent monopolies and prevent restraint of trade.
Today's Birthdays for July 2
1968 Ronald Goldman d. 1994 American murder victim. He and Nicole Brown Simpson were murdered together. O.J. Simpson was tried and found not guilty of the crime. He was returned Nicole's mother's glasses to Nicole when he was murdered. Nicole's mother had left the glasses at the restaurant where Goldman worked.
1946 Ron Silver d. 2009 American Tony-winning actor. TV: Rhoda (Gary Levy).
1939 John H. Sununu White House Chief of Staff, traveler.
1937 Richard Petty American auto racer, 7-time-winner of the Daytona 500 and 7-time NASCAR national champ.
1937 Polly Holliday American actress. TV: Alice (Flo).
1922 Pierre Cardin Italian-born French fashion designer. He founded his fashion company in 1949.
1916 Ken Curtis d. 1991 (Curtis Gates), American actor. TV: Gunsmoke (Festus).
1908 Thurgood Marshall d. 1993 American civil-rights lawyer. He was the first African-American U.S. Supreme Court justice (1967-91), and legal director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
1855 Clarence Walker Barron d. 1928 American financial editor, Barron's Financial Weekly (1921-28).
Deaths for July 2
1778 Bathsheba Spooner b. 1746 American criminal. She was the first woman executed in the U.S. by American courts. She conspired with her boyfriend and two others to kill her husband. She tried to get her execution delayed because she was pregnant with her boyfriend's child. Her request was denied. An autopsy showed that she was pregnant with five-month-old male fetus at the time of execution.
2007 Beverly Sills b. 1929 (Belle Silverman), American opera singer, soprano.
2002 Ray Brown b. 1926 American Grammy-winning jazz string bassist. Performed with Dizzy Gillespie in the late '40s. He was married to Ella Fitzgerald (1947-52).
1999 Mario Puzo b. 1920 American author, screenwriter. Writings: The Godfather (1969, he won an Oscar for the 1972 screenplay and for the 1974 Godfather Part II screenplay), and Superman (1978)
1997 James Stewart b. 1908 American Oscar-winning actor. Film: Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), The Philadelphia Story (1940), and It's a Wonderful Life (1947, George Bailey).
1993 Fred Gwynne b. 1926 American actor. TV: Car 54, Where Are You (officer Francis Muldoon) and The Munsters (Herman).
1991 Lee Remick b. 1935 American actress. Film: Anatomy of a Murder (1959) and The Days of Wine and Roses (1962).
1989 Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko b. 1909 Soviet statesman, director of Soviet affairs with the West for nearly 50 years.
1973 Betty Grable b. 1916 (Elizabeth Ruth Grable), American actress, dancer, pin-up girl. Her legs were insured for $1,000,000 with Lloyds of London.
1961 Ernest Hemingway b. 1899 American Nobel and Pulitzer-winning author. Writings: The Sun Also Rises (1926), To Have and Have Not (1937), For Whom the Bell Tolls (194), and The Old Man and the Sea (1952, Pulitzer).
1932 Manuel II b. 1889 King of Portugal (1908-10), Portugal's last monarch. Deposed during a revolt, he lived out his life in exile in England.
1926 Emile Coue b. 1857 French druggist. He created the psychotherapeutic technique of Coueism, which is based on repeating the saying "Day by day, in every way, I am getting better and better."
1850 Sir Robert Peel b. 1788 English statesman, founder of the metropolitan police in London (c1829). The term "bobbie" is derived from his first name.
1843 Samuel Hahnemann b. 1755 German physician, founder of homeopathic medicine, based on the "law of similars." This states that diseases can be cured by drugs which produce symptoms in healthy people that are similar to the symptoms being treated.