Today's History Trivia for July 8
1969 Vietnam War U.S. troops begin withdrawing from Vietnam.
1924 First black to win an individual Olympic gold medal De Hart Hubbard (American) wins in the long jump.
1896 Cross of Gold William Jennings Bryan gives his famous speech advocating against the gold standard. "Having behind us the producing masses of this nation and the world, supported by the commercial interests, the laboring interests and the toilers everywhere, we will answer their demand for a gold standard by saying to them: You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold."
1892 American Psychological Association (APA) is founded, purpose is to advance psychology as a science.
1889 Last U.S. bareknuckle boxing match John L. Sullivan knocks out Jack Kilrain in the 75th round for the U.S. heavyweight championship.
1889 The Wall Street Journal The first issue of the famous paper is published.
1870 First U.S. trademark law is passed by Congress. It was later declared unconstitutional.
1776 Declaration of Independence The first public reading is given.
Today's Birthdays for July 8
1908 Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller d. 1979 41st U.S. Vice-President (1974-77), governor of New York (1959-73), and 1st Under Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (1953-54). He was a grandson of John D. Rockefeller Sr., founder of Standard Oil.
1958 Kevin Bacon American actor. Film: Footloose (1984), She's Having a Baby (1988), and Flatliners (1990).
1951 Anjelica Huston American Oscar-winning actress. Film: Prizzi's Honor (1985, Oscar) and The Addams Family (1991, Morticia).
1935 Steve Lawrence (Sidney Leibowitz), American singer, married to partner Eydie Gorme. Music: Go Away Little Girl (1962, #1).
1934 Marty Feldman d. 1982 English pop-eyed comic. Film: Young Frankenstein (1974, Igor).
1931 Roone Arledge d. 2002 American sports broadcasting pioneer, winner of 36 Emmys. TV: President of ABC Sports (1968-86) and President of ABC News (1977-98), creator of Monday Night Football, Wide World of Sports, 20/20, Prime Time Live, and Nightline.
1926 Elisabeth Kubler-Ross d. 2004 Swiss-born American physician, author of On Death and Dying (1969). She identified the stages of dying as: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance.
1917 Pamela Brown d. 1975 English Emmy-winning actress. TV: Victoria Regina (1961, Duchess of Kent, Emmy).
1914 Billy Eckstine d. 1993 (William Eckstein), American blues singer. Music: Blue Moon, Fools Rush In, and I Apologize. He was the first black singer to become a national sex symbol.
1907 George Romney d. 1995 American politician, automotive executive, ex-Governor of Michigan. As chief executive of AMC from 1954-62, he bucked current trends and introduced the compact car (a word he coined).
1857 Alfred Binet d. 1911 French psychologist. He developed and pioneered the use of I.Q. tests (1904).
1839 John Davison Rockefeller d. 1937 American philanthropist. Co-founded Standard Oil Company (1870). Considered the wealthiest American of all time, he gave away over $750,000,000.
1838 Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin d. 1917 German aviator. He designed and built large dirigible balloons capable of long controlled flights.
1831 John Styth Pemberton d. 1888 American pharmacist. He created Coca-Cola (1886), calling it "Esteemed Brain Tonic and Intellectual Beverage."
1766 Dominique-Jean Larrey d. 1842 French surgeon in Napoleon's army. He initiated the use of field hospitals (the forerunner of MASH units), army ambulance corps, and triages. He also published the first description of trench foot.
Deaths for July 8
2012 Ernest Borgnine b. 1917 (Ermes Effron Borgnino), American Oscar-winning actor. TV: McHale's Navy (Lt. Cdr. Quinton McHale) and Airwolf (Dominic Santini).
2011 Betty Ford b. 1918 (Elizabeth Ann Bloomer), American First Lady (1974-77), founder of the Betty Ford Clinic (1982).
2006 June Allyson b. 1917 (Ella Geisman), American actress, typically portraying "the girl next door." Film: Best Foot Forward (1943), Two Girls and a Sailor (1944), and The Glenn Miller Story (1954).
1999 Charles Conrad Jr b. 1930 American astronaut, third person to walk on the Moon (1969). Personal Motto: "If you can’t be good, be colorful."
1994 Dick Sargent b. 1930 (Richard Cox), American actor. TV: Bewitched (1969-73, replacing Dick York as Darrin).
1986 Hyman George Rickover b. 1900 American navy admiral, "Father of the Nuclear Navy." He directed the development of nuclear powered submarines.
1967 Vivien Leigh b. 1913 British Oscar-winning actress. Film: Gone with the Wind (1939, Oscar, Scarlett O'Hara) and A Streetcar Named Desire (1951, Oscar).
1855 Sir William Edward Parry b. 1790 British explorer. Explored the Arctic and unsuccessfully searched for a Northwest Passage. He attempted one of the earliest expeditions to the North Pole, reaching 82°45′ North latitude, a record for farthest north exploration that stood for nearly 50 years.
1822 Percy Bysshe Shelly b. 1792 English poet.
1721 Elihu Yale b. 1649 English colonial official. For whom Yale University is named.
1695 Christiaan Huygens b. 1629 Dutch scientist. His improvements on telescope lenses enabled him to discover Saturn's rings and 6th moon Titan (1656). He also built the first pendulum clock (1656), published the first book on probability (1657), discovered the polarization of light (1678), and founded the wave theory of light.
1623 Gregory XV b. 1554 (Alessandro Ludovisi), Italian religious leader, 234th Pope (1621-23).
1153 Eugene III b. ???? Italian-born religious leader, 167th Pope (1145-53).