Today's History Trivia for June 10
Salem Witch Trials
Bridget Bishop is hanged for witchcraft, making her the first of 20 people executed in 1692 for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts. She was accused of bewitching five young women, who claimed the "shape" of Bishop would pinch, choke, and bite them.
1983 James Bond Octopussy premiers in the U.S., 13th in the James Bond series, it starred Roger Moore as 007.
1943 First ball-point pen is patented, by Hungarian Lasalo Biro.
1940 World War II Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
1935 Alcoholics Anonymous The self help group is started when recovering alcoholic Bill Wilson contacts Dr. Bob Smith to help him resist the temptation to drink.
1924 First radio broadcast of a national presidential convention The Republican Convention in Cleveland, Ohio.
1902 First envelope with a window Patented by American inventor A.F. Callahan.
1898 Spanish-American War The first U.S. armed forces land at Cuba. During the next several days, U.S. forces and Cuban rebels clear the land of Spanish forces.
1854 U.S. Naval Academy graduates its first class.
1652 First currency mint in America is established, in Boston, Mass. with John Hull as its master.
Today's Birthdays for June 10
American Oscar-winning actress. She was the first black woman to sing on U.S. radio, and was the first black actress to win an Oscar (1940 for her supporting role as Mammy in Gone With The Wind). At the Academy Awards ceremony for Gone With the Wind, she was racially segregated from her co-stars at the awards ceremony and had to sit at a separate table at the back of the room.
1982 Tara Lipinski American figure skater. She became the youngest Winter Olympics gold medal winner (1988 Olympics, although that record has been broken). She was also the young ladies world champion at age 14.
1955 Andrew Stevens American actor. TV: Dallas (Casey Denault).
1949 John Tucker Mugabi Sentamu Ugandan-born religious leader. He was the first Black Archbishop in the Church of England (2005). He was the 97th Archbishop of York - the second highest post in the Church of England.
1933 F. Lee Bailey American lawyer, talk show host, publisher of Gallery magazine.
1922 Judy Garland d. 1969 (Frances Gumm), American Oscar-Grammy-winning actress. She performed the song Over the Rainbow over 12,000 times. Film: The Wizard of Oz (1939, Dorothy).
1921 Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh, husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
1901 Frederick Loewe d. 1988 German composer of Lerner and Loewe. Together they wrote My Fair Lady (1956) and Paint Your Wagon (1969).
1887 Harry Flood Byrd d. 1966 Sr., American politician, Virginia governor (1926-30), U.S. senator (Virginia, 1933-65). He received 15 electoral votes in the 1960 U.S. presidential election even though he wasn't a candidate. Strongly opposed to integration, his segregationist policies caused the closure of some public schools in Virginia (1959-64), creating a large number of black students who were denied their education in several Virginia counties. These students became known as the "lost generation." He was also known for his "pay-as-you-go" fiscal policy.
1835 Rebecca Latimer Felton d. 1930 American politician, first woman U.S. senator (October 3 - November 22, 1922).
Deaths for June 10
2016 Gordie Howe b. 1928 (Gordon Howe), Canadian Hall of Fame hockey player, 23-time NHL All-Star, "Mr. Hockey." He is considered one of the all-time greatest players.
2004 Ray Charles b. 1930 (Ray Charles Robinson), American singer, composer, pianist, blind since the age of 6. Music: Georgia On My Mind (1960, #1) and Hit the Road, Jack (1961, #1). The movie Ray (2004, starring Jamie Foxx) is based on his life.
1996 Jo Van Fleet b. 1915 American Oscar-Tony-winning actress. Theater: The Trip to Bountiful (1954, Tony). Film: East of Eden (1955, Oscar). TV: Cinderella (1965, the wicked Stepmother).
1988 Louis Dearborn L'Amour b. 1908 American author, his books - known for their authentic portrayal of frontier life - sold over 200,000,000 copies.
1976 Adolph Zukor b. 1873 Hungarian-born U.S. film executive, founder of Paramount Pictures. He distributed the first feature-length film shown in the U.S. (1912, Queen Elizabeth), which was made in France and starred Sarah Bernhardt.
1967 Spencer Tracy b. 1900 (John Edward Tracy), American actor. Film: Boys Town (1938, Father Flanagan), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941, Dr. Jekyll), and The Old Man and the Sea (1958, narrator).
1946 Jack Johnson b. 1878 American boxer. He was the first black heavyweight champion (1908-15). He was the first person prosecuted under the Mann Act. He had encouraged Lucille Cameron, a white woman, to leave a brothel and they subsequently crossed state lines. Even though he married her, and took her away from a brothel, he was still prosecuted and sentenced to a year in prison.
1909 Edward Everett Hale b. 1822 American author. Writings: The Man Without a Country (1863).
1858 Robert Brown b. 1773 British botanist. Known for his description of the Brownian movement (1827), which is the rapid movement of minute particles suspended in liquid. Albert Einstein used Brownian motion to prove the existence of atoms (1905).
1836 André Marie Ampère b. 1775 French physicist, mathematician. The electrical measurement "ampere" is named for him. He developed the science of electro-magnetism.