Today's Holidays for June 14
Flag Day Celebrating the flag.
Today's History Trivia for June 14
1954 "Under God" Added to Pledge of Allegiance U.S. President Eisenhower signs into law the Congressional bill adding the words "under God" to the pledge of allegiance. It previously had no mention of God. The previous version "I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all," was changed to "I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
1993 Longest time between the birth of triplets A Vancouver, British Columbia woman delivers the last two of her triplets. The first baby was born 45 days earlier.
1989 Zsa Zsa Gabor The Hungarian beauty queen slaps a Beverly Hills police officer who stopped her for a traffic violation. She was sentenced to three days in jail and $13,000 in court costs.
1988 Gun Control Columnist and Gun control advocate Carl Rowan shoots a teenager with an illegal gun. He had previously stated in his column that "…anyone found in possession of a handgun except a legitimate officer of the law goes to jail—period."
1985 Shiite Muslim extremists hijack an airplane flying from Athens to Rome. One American was killed and 39 American men were held hostage until June 30.
1983 First man-made object to escape the Solar System Pioneer 10.
1976 The Gong Show debuts on NBC.
1968 Dr. Benjamin Spock is convicted of conspiracy to aid others in draft evasion during the Vietnam War. He was sentenced to two years.
1952 First nuclear powered submarine The keel is laid for the Nautilus.
1942 Office of Strategic Services (OSS) is established, by Pres. F.D. Roosevelt, with William J. Donovan as the director.
1940 World War II Paris falls to Germany.
1789 Mutiny on the HMS Bounty Captain Bligh arrives safely on the Island of Timor. 45 days earlier Fletcher Christian had led a mutiny and set Bligh and 18 of his men adrift on an open boat 3,600 miles away. Christian and the crew lived out their lives on Pitcairn Island.
1777 American Flag The flag of 13 stars and 13 stripes is adopted, replacing Grand Union flag.
Today's Birthdays for June 14
1946 Donald Trump American businessman, real estate developer, 45th U.S. President (2017‑). He is the oldest (age 70) and wealthiest person to assume the U.S. presidency. He is the first U.S. president without prior military or governmental service.
1961 Boy George (George Allan O'Dowd), British singer. Music: Do You Really Want To Hurt Me (1982, #1) and Karma Chameleon (1983, #1).
1952 Eddie Mekka American actor. TV: Laverne & Shirley (Carmine Ragusa).
1949 Bob Frankston computer scientist. He and Dan Bricklin created VisiCalc, the first computer spreadsheet (1979).
1940 Jack Bannon American actor. TV: Lou Grant (Art Donovan).
1919 Sam Wanamaker d. 1993 American actor. Film: The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965) and Private Benjamin (1980). He is best known for rebuilding London's famous Globe Theater.
1919 Gene Barry d. 2009 (Eugene Klass), American actor. Film: The War of the Worlds (1953, Dr. Clayton Forrester). TV: Bat Masterson (Bat Masterson).
1916 Dorothy McGuire d. 2001 American actress. Film: The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965, the Virgin Mary) and Swiss Family Robinson (1960, the mother).
1909 Burl Ives d. 1995 (Burle Icle Ivanhoe), American Oscar-winning actor, singer. Film: Big Country (1958, Oscar) and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958, Big Daddy). TV: The Bold Ones (Walter Nichols). He was jailed in Mona, Utah, for singing Foggy Foggy Dew (An Irish ballad) in public, which authorities deemed a bawdy song.
1868 Karl Landsteiner d. 1943 Austrian-born American pathologist, discovered the four basic blood types (1900) and that the donor and recipient of blood transfusions must be of the same type.
1832 Nikolaus August Otto d. 1891 German co-inventor of the internal combustion engine (1867) and built a four-stroke Otto cycle (1876) which is used in most automobiles.
1820 John Bartlett d. 1905 American publisher, editor, compiled A Collection of Familiar Quotations (1855).
1811 Harriet Beecher Stowe d. 1896 American author. Writings: Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852, which was the first American novel to sell 1,000,000 copies).
1736 Charles Augustin Coulomb d. 1806 French physicist, and for whom the coulomb (a measure of electrical charge) is named.
Deaths for June 14
1801 Benedict Arnold b. 1741 American general, traitor. He attempted to betray West Point to the British during the American Revolution. Before this, he was considered a American hero of the Revolution: Arnold helped capture the British garrison of Fort Ticonderoga, hindered a British invasion of New York at the Battle of Lake Champlain, and played a crucial role in the surrender of British General John Burgoyne’s army at Saratoga. However, he began spying for the British and plotted to surrender West Point. When his plot was exposed, he began fighting for the British.
1994 Henry Mancini b. 1924 American Oscar-Grammy-winning composer. Music: Moon River (1961) and The Pink Panther (1964).
1993 V.T. Hamlin b. 1900 (Vincent T. Hamlin), American cartoonist, created Alley Oop (1933).
1986 Marlin Perkins b. 1905 American zoo director, TV personality, host of Wild Kingdom for 23 years.
1977 Alan Reed b. 1907 (Teddy Bergman), American actor. TV: The Flintstones (voice of Fred).
1946 John Logie Baird b. 1888 Scottish inventor, "Father of the Television." He gave the first demonstration of true TV in London (1926) and later patented a 3-D TV system (1944).
1914 Adlai Ewing Stevenson I b. 1835 23rd U.S. Vice-President (1893-97 under Grover Cleveland). While serving as first assistant postmaster general in 1885, he fired over 40,000 Republican workers and replaced them with Democrats from the South. In 1893, due to mouth cancer he required the replacement of his upper jaw with a prosthesis. Not wanting to start another panic on Wall Street, the operation was kept secret by performing it on a Yacht.
1825 Pierre Charles L'Enfant b. 1754 French-born American Revolutionary War officer, engineer. He designed the city of Washington D.C.