Today's History Trivia for June 1
1962 Nazi War Criminal Eichmann Hanged Adolf Eichmann was a German war criminal who, as a member of the SS, organized the transportation of Jews to concentration camps for "the final solution." After the war Eichmann was captured by the U.S., but was using forged papers that identified him as "Otto Eckmann." He eventually escaped and in 1950 used a phony passport to travel to Argentina. He was discovered hiding in Argentina after his son, Klaus Eichamnn, bragged to his girlfriend about his Nazi father. He was then captured by Israeli Mossad agents and smuggled to Israel where he was tried and hanged for his war crimes.
1869 Thomas Edison The soon to be famous inventor is granted his first patent - for an electrical vote recorder. Although his vote recorder was a failure and was never used, Edison went to on to invent many other famous devices.
1813 Don't Give Up The Ship Ordered by U.S. Capt. James Lawrence after being mortally wounded in battle in the War of 1812. He would die of his injuries on June 4th. He had engaged his frigate, the USS Chesapeake, against the Royal Navy frigate Shannon. The British ship was able to disable the Chesapeake during the first few minutes of the battle. Lawrence, mortally wounded during this exchange, made his famous proclamation, "Don't give up the ship. Fight her till she sinks." However, the British boarded and took the ship.
1660 Hanged for Being a Quaker Massachusetts Bay Colony had banned Quakers from entering the jurisdiction, the second offense being punishable by death.Mary Dyer violated this law and was hanged in Boston Common. She was the third of four executed Quakers known as the Boston martyrs. Mary Dyer and her husband were originally Puritans that had traveled to Boston in 1630s to escape religious persecution by England. However, in 1651 she returned to England where she became a Quaker. When she returned to Boston she was banished for being a Quaker, with the threat of death if she returned. After several subsequent returns and banishments, she was finally hanged in Boston Common.
1638 Earthquake and Blood Moon Signals End of the World The greatest earthquake recorded in New Hampshire, and one of the strongest of the 17th century U.S. colonies strikes. It is estimated it would have measured between 6.5 and 7.0 on the Richter scale. The tremors lasted for three weeks, ending just in time for a full eclipse of the Moon on June 25th which appeared blood red in the sky. The Puritans believed this was a Biblical sign of the end of the world as per end of times prophecies such as Revelation 6:12 "…there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood" or Acts 2:20 "The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord."
1965 Cycling The use of performance-enhancing drugs is made illegal in bicycle racing.
1957 Four-minute mile Don Bowden becomes the first American to run a four-minute mile (3:58.7). Roger Bannister of Britain had done it three years earlier.
1925 Lou Gehrig begins his record 2,130 consecutive major-league games.
1809 1,000-mile walk Capt. Allardyce Barclay of Scotland begins his long journey. He had to walk one mile each and every hour for 1,000 hours. He finished on July 12.
1796 Tennessee becomes the 16th state.
1792 Kentucky becomes the 15th state.
Today's Birthdays for June 1
1956 Lisa Hartman American actress. TV: Tabatha (grown-up Tabatha from Bewitched) and Knots Landing (both Ciji Dunne and Cathy Rush).
1953 Diana Canova American actress. TV: Soap (Corrine Tate).
1947 Ron Wood British rock guitarist, with The Rolling Stones (1975‑).
1942 Barbara Ross-Lee American physician. She was the first black woman to lead a U.S. medical school (dean of the Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine in Athens, Ohio). She is also the sister of singer Diana Ross.
1940 René Auberjonois American actor of French-Canadian descent. TV: Benson (Clayton Endicott).
1940 Kip Stephen Thorne American physicist. Developed the theory of cosmic wormholes (1985) - based on Einstein's theory of relativity - in which long distance space travel would be possible without exceeding the speed of light.
1939 Cleavon Little d. 1992 American Tony-Emmy-winning actor. Film: Blazing Saddles (1974, the sheriff).
1937 Morgan Freeman American actor. Film: Driving Miss Daisy (1989, the chauffeur). TV: The Electric Company (Easy Reader).
1936 James Thomas Davis d. 1961 American soldier. He was declared "The first American to fall in defense of our freedom in Vietnam" by Pres. Johnson. He was killed when the truck he was riding in was struck by a mine and attacked by Viet Cong rebels. Note: Even though he was declared the first official death, other American soldiers had previously died in Vietnam.
1934 Pat Boone (Charles Eugene Boone), American singer. Music: Love Letters in the Sand (1957) and Moody River (1961).
1926 Andy Griffith d. 2012 American actor, Grammy-winning Southern-gospel singer. TV: The Andy Griffith Show (1960-68, Sheriff Andy Taylor) and Matlock (1986-95, title role).
1890 Frank Morgan d. 1949 (Francis Wuppermann), American actor. Film: The Wizard of Oz (1939, the Wizard).
1849 Freelan O. Stanley d. 1940 American automaker. He and his twin brother formed the Stanley Steamer Co. (1897-1924), which produced steam-powered automobiles.
1849 Francis E. Stanley d. 1918 American automaker. He and his twin brother formed the Stanley Steamer Co. (1897-1924), which produced steam-powered automobiles. He also invented a dry photographic plate, which he sold along with his photography business to the Eastman Kodak Co. He died from injuries sustained when he crashed his car into a woodpile while attempting to avoid farm wagons travelling side by side on the road.
1843 Henry Faulds d. 1930 Scottish scientist, "Father of Fingerprinting." He was the first to suggest using fingerprints for criminal investigations (1880).
1815 Otto I d. 1867 King of Greece (1835-62). His unpopular rule caused him to be deposed in the revolution of 1862.
1801 Brigham Young d. 1877 Mormon leader. Founder of Salt Lake City and first Gov. of Utah. He left behind 17 widows.
Deaths for June 1
1927 Lizzie Borden b. 1860 (Lisbeth A. Borden), American murder suspect. She was accused of axing her father and stepmother to death in 1892. She was acquitted in 1893. See event.
2014 Ann B. Davis b. 1926 American Emmy-winning actress. TV: The Brady Bunch (Alice Nelson, the housekeeper).
2008 Yves Saint Laurent b. 1936 French fashion designer. He is credited with introducing the tuxedo suit for women.
2005 George Lawrence Mikan Jr b. 1924 American Hall of Fame basketball player, "Mr. Basketball." He was the first professional player to score 10,000 points. His proficiency at blocking shots at the rim led the NCAA to ban goaltending. He was the first commissioner of the American Basketball Association (ABA, 1967).
2001 Hank Ketcham b. 1920 (Henry King Ketcham), American cartoonist, creator of Dennis the Menace (1951).
1999 Sir Christopher Cockerell b. 1910 English inventor. Holder of 98 patents, inventor of the hovercraft (1955). He also invented devices to harness wave power for energy production.
1985 Richard Greene b. 1918 British actor, TV: The Adventures of Robin Hood (1955-59, title role).
1980 Rube Marquard b. 1886 (Richard William Marquard), American baseball Hall of Fame left-handed pitcher. He pitched 19 consecutive wins for the New York Giants in 1912 - a modern day major-league record.
1980 Arthur Charles Nielsen b. 1897 American marketing researcher. He founded A.C. Nielsen Co. (1923), which conducts radio and TV audience surveys.
1973 Mary Kornman b. 1915 American actress. She appeared in 41 Our Gang films.
1968 Helen Keller b. 1880 American author, lecturer. She overcame being both blind and deaf since the age of 19 months.
1962 Adolf Eichmann b. 1906 German war criminal. As a member of the SS, he organized the transportation of Jews to concentration camps for "the final solution." After the war Eichmann was captured by the U.S., but was using forged papers that identified him as "Otto Eckmann." He eventually escaped and in 1950 used a phony passport to travel to Argentina. He was discovered hiding in Argentina after his son, Klaus Eichamnn, bragged to his girlfriend about his Nazi father. He was then captured by Israeli Mossad agents and smuggled to Israel where he was tried and hanged for his war crimes.
1959 Sax Rohmer b. 1883 (Arthur Henry Ward), English author. Creator of the master criminal Dr. Fu Manchu (1912). He based his mystery-solving magician character Bazarada on his friend Houdini.
1952 John Dewey b. 1859 American philosopher, education reformer. He promoted the idea of learning by doing.
1943 Leslie Howard b. 1893 (Leslie Stainer), English actor. Film: Gone with the Wind (1939, Ashley Wilkes). He was killed by Nazis who, believing Winston Churchill was aboard, shot down his plane.
1941 Hans Berger b. 1873 German psychiatrist. Coined the term electroencephalograph (also known as an EEG) for the device used to record brain waves. He was the first to record human brain waves and discovered the Alpha wave.
1879 James Shields b. 1810 American general, politician. He is the only person to have served as a U.S. Senator for three states: Illinois (1849-55), Minnesota (1858-59), and Missouri (1879). In 1842, believing that Abraham Lincoln had written disparaging letters to the newspaper about Shields, he challenged the future President to a duel. They met prepared for battle, but called it off at the last minute.
1872 James Gordon Bennett Sr b. 1795 Scottish-born American publisher. Founder of The New York Herald (1835).
1846 Gregory XVI b. 1765 (Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari), religious leader, 254th Pope (1831-46).