Today's History Trivia for June 25
1876 Custer's Last Stand George Armstrong Custer is killed in the Battle of the Little Bighorn during the Great Sioux War of 1876. Custer and his 700-man force suffered a major defeat. Custer was killed, as were two of his brothers, a nephew, and a brother-in-law.
1977 Lightning Strikes Roy C. Sullivan is struck by lightning for the 7th time. This is the current world record. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1973 Watergate John Dean announces on national television that Pres. Nixon, his staff, and the Justice Dept. conspired to cover up Watergate.
1962 Public school prayer The U.S. Supreme Court rules that prayers read aloud in public schools are a violation of the 1st Amendment's separation of church and state.
1951 Color TV First regularly scheduled commercial color TV program: CBS airs a variety show featuring Ed Sullivan, Arthur Godfrey, and Faye Emerson.
1950 The Korean War begins 60,000 North Korean troops invade South Korea in an attempt to bring the entire country under Communist rule.
1903 Discovery of radium is announced by Marie Curie.
1876 Custer's Last Stand General George Custer and all 264 of his men (including his two brothers) are killed in the Battle of the Little Big Horn against Sioux Indians led by Chiefs Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
1788 Virginia becomes the 10th state.
Today's Birthdays for June 25
1865 Robert Henri d. 1929 (Robert Henry Cozad), American painter, teacher. He was and organizer of "The Eight," a group of artists who protested the restrictive exhibition practices National Academy of Design. He was one of the leaders of the Ashcan School, that are known for works portraying daily life in New York, often in the city's poorer neighborhoods. Works: The Laughing Boy (1907) and Portrait of Mrs. Robert Henri (1911).
1963 George Michael d. 2016 (Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou), British singer, with Wham!. He was named the most played artist on British radio during the period 1984–2004. Music: Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go (1984 #1) and I Want Your Sex (1987).
1949 Phyllis George American TV personality, Miss America (1971).
1947 Jimmie Walker American comic actor. TV: Good Times (1974-79, J.J. the Kid of Dy-no-mite!).
1945 Carly Simon American singer. Music: You're So Vain (1972, #1) and Nobody Does It Better (1977).
1933 James Howard Meredith American civil rights figure. He was the first African-American to graduate from the 115-year-old University of Mississippi (1963). 3,000 troops were used to put down the riots which ensued when he entered. The riots left two dead and dozens injured. In 1966 he was shot and wounded while leading a march from Memphis to Jackson, Mississippi.
1928 Pierre "Peyo" Culliford d. 1992 Belgian cartoonist. Creator of the Smurfs (1958).
1925 June Lockhart American actress. TV: Lost in Space (Maureen Robinson).
1903 George Orwell d. 1950 (Eric Arthur Blair), English author. Writings: Animal Farm (1945) and 1984 (1949).
1894 Hermann Julius Oberth d. 1989 German rocket inventor, founder of modern astronautics. He pioneered the development of liquid-fueled rockets in the 1930s. His work led to the development of Germany's V-2 rocket during World War II.
1887 George Abbott d. 1995 American Pulitzer and Tony-winning directory, screenwriter. Stage: Damn Yankees and The Pajama Game.
1886 Henry Harley Arnold d. 1950 American 5-star general, commanding general of the U.S. Army Air Force during World War I. He became the first movie stuntman (1911) when hired as a stand-in for The Military Scout.
1874 Rose Cecil O'Neill d. 1944 American illustrator, cartoonist. She created the Kewpie doll in her comic strip, Kewpies (1909). They were made into dolls in 1912. She was the first published female cartoonist in the U.S. "Kewpie" comes from the naked babies known as cupids.
Deaths for June 25
1995 Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton b. 1903 Irish nuclear physicist. He and John Cockcroft became the first to use a particle accelerator to split an atom (1932); for this they were awarded the 1951 Nobel Prize.
1876 George Armstrong Custer b. 1839 American Civil War general. He was killed in the "Battle of Little Bighorn" along with his entire regiment, including two of his brothers. He graduated last in his West Point class (1861).
2009 Farrah Fawcett b. 1947 American actress. Her famous poster is the best-selling pinup poster of all time. TV: Charlie's Angels (Jill Munroe) and The Burning Bed (1984). Film: Logan's Run (1976).
2007 Michel Lotito b. 1950 French omnivore. Monsieur Mangetout ("Mr Eat-All"). He has eaten, among other things, a Cessna light aircraft, 10 bicycles, 7 TVs, 6 chandeliers, a shopping cart, and a coffin. Although, he claims bananas and hard-boiled eggs would make him sick. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1997 Jacques-Yves Cousteau b. 1910 French marine explorer. His 1953 book The Silent World predicted the echolocation abilities of porpoises and contained the first printed use of the word "aqualung," which he helped develop.
1988 Axis Sally b. 1900 (Mildred E. Gillars), American Nazi sympathizer. She broadcast Nazi propaganda to U.S. troops in Europe during World War II, for which she served 12 years in prison after the war.
1979 Dave Fleischer b. 1894 American cartoonist. He and his brother Max created Betty Boop and animated Popeye the Sailor.
1937 Colin Clive b. 1900 (Colin Glenn Clive-Greig), British actor. Film: Frankenstein (1931, Dr. Frankenstein), Bride of Frankenstein (1935, Dr. Frankenstein).
1906 Stanford White b. 1853 American architect, designed the old Madison Square Garden and the Washington Arch.
1830 Ephraim McDowell b. 1771 American surgeon. He was the first to perform the removal of an ovarian tumor (1809).