Today's History Trivia for June 26
1993 U.S. bombs Iraq Eight are killed when U.S. forces launch a missile attack at Iraqi intelligence headquarters in Baghdad in retaliation for a alleged Iraqi plot to kill ex-president Bush during a visit to Kuwait the previous April.
1981 James Bond For Your Eyes Only premiers in the U.S., 12th in the James Bond series, it starred Roger Moore as 007.
1935 First Practical Helicopter Flight Capable of full take-off, speed, forward motion, and control.
1934 Federal Credit Union Act signed by Pres. F.D. Roosevelt, establishing Credit Unions.
1905 Automobile Association (AA) is formed.
1894 First around-the-world bicycle trip by a woman Annie Londonberry departs from Boston. She completed her journey in September of 1895.
1848 First U.S. pure food and drug legislation is enacted, to prevent the importing of adulterated drugs and medicines.
1844 First and Only U.S. President to Elope John Tyler sneaks off to marry Julia Gardiner.
1819 First U.S. bicycle patent is issued, to William Clarkson, Jr.
Today's Birthdays for June 26
1842 Loreta Janeta Velázquez d. circa 1897 Cuban-born woman. She fought as a Confederate soldier in the American Civil War disguised as a man using the name Harry T. Buford. She fought at Bull Run, Ball's Bluff, and Fort Donelson. After being discovered, she was discharged, but reenlisted and fought at Shiloh.
1819 Abner Doubleday d. 1893 American Union soldier. He is credited with inventing baseball, although he never claimed so and modern research indicates similar games were played before he was born. He aimed the cannon that fired the first shot at the Confederacy after it fired on Fort Sumter at the start of the American Civil War. He also patented the cable car railway that runs in San Francisco.
1964 Zeng Jinlian d. 1982 Chinese giant, world's tallest woman (8 ft. 1 3/4 in.). Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1961 Greg LeMond American bicyclist, three-time winner of Tour de France (1986, 89-90), the first non-European to win it.
1951 Pamela Bellwood American actress. TV: Dynasty (Claudia Blaisdel).
1911 Babe Didrikson Zaharias d. 1956 considered America's greatest female athlete. In the 1932 Olympics she won gold for the javelin and hurdles, silver for the high jump, and as a golfer won the British Women's Amateur (1947) and U.S. Open three times (1948, 50, 54).
1910 Roy J. Plunkett d. 1994 American chemist, inventor of Teflon (1938). He was working with refrigerant gases when he and his co-workers discovered that the sample had polymerized spontaneously into a white, waxy solid to form polytetrafluoroethylene.
1909 Ralph Edward Schneider d. 1964 American businessman, founded Diner's Club (1950), the first credit card company.
1909 Col. Tom Parker d. 1997 (Andreas Cornelius Van Kuijk), Dutch impresario, Elvis Presley's manager. He also managed Hank Snow and Eddy Arnold. Parker, who was not a U.S. citizen and couldn't get a visa, was afraid that if he left the states he would not be allowed back in. Consequently, Elvis never toured Europe.
1904 Peter Lorre d. 1964 (Laszlo Loewenstein), American actor. Film: The Maltese Falcon (1941), Casablanca (1942, Ugarte), and star of the Mr. Moto movies (1930s).
1892 Pearl Sydenstricker Buck d. 1973 American author, won 1938 Nobel prize for literature, and the 1932 Pulitzer prize for The Good Earth.
1824 First Baron Kelvin d. 1907 (William Thomson), British scientist, inventor. He developed the Kelvin temperature scale (1848), based on the temperature of absolute zero.
1742 Arthur Middleton d. 1787 American patriot, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
???? Simone the family dog on the TV series The Partridge Family.
Deaths for June 26
2007 Liz Claiborne b. 1929 Belgian-born American fashion designer. Her company, Liz Claiborne Inc., was the first company founded by a woman to make the Fortune 500 (1986).
1993 Roy Campanella b. 1921 American baseball Hall of Famer, National League MVP (1951, 1953, and 1955).
1982 André Tchaikowsky b. 1935 Polish composer and pianist. He donated his skull to the Royal Shakespeare Company to be used as a prop on stage. Although used in rehearsals, it wasn't used for a performance until David Tennant used it in a 2008 production of Hamlet.
1943 Karl Landsteiner b. 1868 Austrian-born American pathologist, discovered the four basic blood types (1900) and that the donor and recipient of blood transfusions must be of the same type.
1922 Albert I b. 1848 Prince of Monaco, oceanographer.
1830 George IV b. 1762 King of Great Britain and Ireland (1820-30). He built Buckingham Palace (1820s).
1810 Joseph Michel Montgolfier b. 1740 French inventor. He and his brother invented the hot-air balloon (1782).
1784 Caesar Rodney b. 1728 American patriot, signer of the Declaration of Independence.