Today's History Trivia for June 30
1882 President Garfield's Assassin Executed Charles J. Guiteau is hanged for the assassination of U.S. President James A. Garfield. Guiteau was angry with Garfield for rejecting his various job applications. He shot Garfield at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. Garfield died two months later from infections related to the injury.
1985 Yul Brynner's 4,625th and last Broadway performance as the King of Siam in The King and I.
1980 U.S. Synthetic Fuels Corp. is established, provides incentives to produce synthetic substitutes for imported fuel.
1971 26th Amendment ratified, lowering the voting age to 18.
1953 First Chevrolet Corvette is produced. It was the first plastic-laminated fiberglass sports car.
1950 Pres. Truman authorizes ground and air strikes against North Korea, during the Korean War.
1948 The transistor is demonstrated by Drs. Bardeen and Brattain of Bell Laboratories.
1934 Night of the Long Knives Over the next several days Hitler's opponents are killed or imprisoned. The list was made by Heinrich Himmler.
1908 The Tunguska Event A 12½ megaton explosion occurs in Central Siberia. The cause is undetermined, although the common belief is an asteroid or comet burst in the sky. The energy of the blast was about 1,000 times that of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima and knocked people off their feet hundreds of miles away.
1521 Gordillo lands near Cape Fear, North Carolina claiming it for Spain.
Today's Birthdays for June 30
1966 Mike Tyson American boxer, World Heavyweight Champion. In 1986 he became the youngest heavyweight champion ever. He was convicted (1992) and sentenced to prison for raping an 18-year-old beauty pageant contestant.
Marcus Wayne Chenault, Jr
American Assassin. He shot and killed Alberta King (1974, wife of Martin Luther King, Sr.) while she was playing The Lord's Player on the organ during a church service. Deacon Edward Boykin also died in the event.
1942 Robert Ballard American oceanographer, discoverer of the remains of the Titanic.
1936 Nancy Dussault American actress. TV: Good Morning America (the original co-host) and Too Close for Comfort (Muriel).
1934 Harry Blackstone Jr d. 1997 American magician.
1928 June Valli d. 1993 American singer. Music: Crying in the Chapel (1954). TV: The Andy Williams and June Valli Show and the singing voice on the Chiquita banana commercials.
1917 Susan Hayward d. 1975 (Edythe Marrener), American Oscar-winning actress. Film: I Want To Live (1958). Her death was attributed to radiation exposure received from an A-bomb test near the filming of a movie in 1953. See The Conqueror
1819 William Almon Wheeler d. 1887 19th U.S. Vice-President (1877-81).
1685 John Gay d. 1732 English poet. Best known for The Beggar's Opera (1727).
1470 Charles VIII d. 1498 King of France (1483-98).
Deaths for June 30
1882 Charles J. Guiteau b. 1841 American presidential assassin. Assassinated U.S. President James A. Garfield. Guiteau was angry with Garfield for rejecting his various job applications. He shot Garfield at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. Garfield died two months later from infections related to the injury. Guiteau was hanged for his crime.
2014 Paul Mazursky b. 1930 American film director. Film: Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice (1969) and Down and Out in Beverly Hills (1986, screenplay).
2003 Buddy Hackett b. 1924 (Leonard Hacker), American comedian. He was offered the job of replacing Curly of The Stooges, but turned it down. Film: It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963) and The Love Bug (1968). Quote: "My mother's menu consisted of two choices - Take it or leave it."
2002 Pete Gray b. 1915 (Peter Wyshner), American one-armed pro baseball player. He batted a .218 as an outfielder for St. Louis (1945) and was the Southern Association's 1944 MVP. Having lost his right arm as child - he was a right-hander - he learned to bat and field with his left arm.
2001 Chet Atkins b. 1924 American guitarist, Grammy-winning, Country Music and Rock and Roll Hall of Famer. He has sold over 30 million records and is credited with creating the "Nashville sound." He initially had difficulty learning the electric guitar because his childhood home didn't have electricity (according to his autobiography Country Gentleman).
1993 Spanky McFarland b. 1928 (George McFarland), American actor. Film: The Little Rascals (Spanky). He appeared in 95 Our Gang films.
1974 Alberta Christine Williams King b. 1904 mother of civil-rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. She was shot to death while playing the organ during a church service by a 21-year-old black man who proclaimed "all Christians are my enemies."
1961 Lee De Forest b. 1873 American inventor, "Father of the Radio." He invented the triode (amplifier vacuum tube, 1907) and was a pioneer in the development of talking pictures and television.
1785 James Edward Oglethorpe b. 1696 English general, colonized Georgia and founded the city of Savannah (1733).
1660 William Oughtred b. 1574 English mathematician, credited with inventing the slide rule (1621), and introduced the use of 'X' to denote multiplication.