Today's Holidays for March 14
Pi Day Commemorating the mathematical constant π (PI). Pi Day is celebrated on March 14, because it represents 3.14, the first three digits of PI.
Today's History Trivia for March 14
1938 First Shopping Cart The patent is filed for by its inventor, the owner of a Humpty Dumpty Grocery store in Oklahoma City. It was essentially a folding chair with wheels and two baskets attached. The carts were initially a flop, as shoppers were reluctant to use them - men found them effeminate and women thought them too much like a baby carriage - so he hired models to shop with them.
1989 Importation of semiautomatic assault rifles is banned by Pres. Bush.
1983 Oil Prices First time ever OPEC agrees to cut prices of crude oil.
1951 Korean War The U.S. recaptures Seoul, the former capital of the Korean Republic.
1937 Jack Benny and Fred Allen meet on radio to settle their long-standing feud. This was one the highest-rated radio events ever broadcast.
1900 The gold standard for currency is officially adopted by the U.S. It had been in use unofficially since 1879.
1812 First U.S. War Bonds $11 million in bonds are authorized by Congress to support the War of 1812.
1794 Cotton gin Eli Whitney receives a patent for his famous invention.
Today's Birthdays for March 14
1934 Eugene Andrew Cernan d. 2017 American astronaut. He was the last man on the Moon (1972). Upon reentering the Lunar Module after making the last Moon walk: "…America's challenge of today has forged man's destiny of tomorrow. And, as we leave the Moon at Taurus-Littrow, we leave as we came and, God willing, as we shall return, with peace and hope for all mankind. Godspeed the crew of Apollo 17."
1879 Albert Einstein d. 1955 German-born American Nobel-winning physicist and mathematician. He developed the theory of relativity and the mass equivalence formula: E=mc2. By the age of 26, he had published four ground-breaking papers: Photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity, and the equivalence of mass and energy. He would go on to publish more than 300 scientific papers. He was visiting the U.S. when Hitler came to power in 1933; being Jewish he did not want to return to Germany, eventually becoming a U.S. citizen.
1948 Billy Crystal (William Edward Crystal), American comedian, "You look marvelous." TV: Soap (Jodie Dallas - TV's first openly gay person). Film: When Harry Met Sally… (1989), and City Slickers (1991).
1933 Quincy Jones (Quincy Delight Jones, Jr.), American Grammy-winning composer, conductor. He produced Michael Jackson's Thriller, the biggest-selling LP of all time.
1933 Michael Caine (Maurice Micklewhite), British actor. Film: Alfie (1966) and Sleuth (1972).
1928 Frank Borman American astronaut. He was command pilot for Apollo 8, the first lunar orbital mission (1968).
1920 Hank Ketcham d. 2001 (Henry King Ketcham), American cartoonist, creator of Dennis the Menace (1951).
1854 Paul Ehrlich d. 1915 German Nobel-winning bacteriologist, immunologist. He discovered the first cure for syphilis (1910).
1835 Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli d. 1910 Italian astronomer. He discovered the "canals" of Mars (1877).
Deaths for March 14
2010 Peter Graves b. 1926 (Peter Duesler Aurness), American actor. TV: Mission Impossible (Jim Phelps). Film: Airplane! (1980).
1999 Kirk Alyn b. 1910 (John Feggo, Jr.), American actor. He played Superman in the 1948 movie serial and in its sequel Atom Man Vs. Superman (1950). He also played young Lois Lane's father in the 1978 Superman movie.
1975 Susan Hayward b. 1917 (Edythe Marrener), American Oscar-winning actress. Film: I Want To Live (1958). Her death was attributed to radiation exposure received from an A-bomb test near the filming of a movie in 1953. See The Conqueror
1975 Charles Hatton b. 1905 American sports writer. He is credited with popularizing the term "Triple Crown" (1930), which he used to describe Gallant Fox who won the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes.
1973 Howard Hathaway Aiken b. 1900 American engineer, builder of the second digital computer (Mark I, 1944).
1973 Chic Young b. 1901 (Murat Bernard Young), American cartoonist, creator of Blondie (1930).
1932 George Eastman b. 1854 American inventor, founder of the Eastman Kodak Company (1880). He patented the first practical roll film camera (Kodak, 1888).
1883 Karl Heinrich Marx b. 1818 German socialist and philosopher.