Today's History Trivia for March 15
1988 First black American Catholic archbishop is chosen, Eugene A. Marino of Atlanta.
1974 Patty Hearst participates in San Francisco bank robbery with Symbionese Liberation Army who had abducted her a month earlier.
1958 JFK After having been accused of using his father's money and influence to buy the election, JFK reads a telegram he said he received from his dad: "Dear Jack, Don't buy a single vote more than is necessary. I'll be damned if I'm going to pay for a landslide."
1937 First U.S. blood bank opens.
1919 The American Legion Delegates representing veterans of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe meet in Paris and form the patriotic organization.
1917 Russian Revolution Czar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates his throne, ending the 300-year-old Romanov dynasty. He and the royal family were killed the following year by the Bolsheviks in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution.
1892 First escalator is patented, by American inventor Jesse W. Reno.
1875 First American Roman Catholic cardinal John McCloskey, archbishop of New York, is selected.
1869 First professional U.S. baseball team is organized, the Cincinnati Red Stockings.
1820 Maine becomes 23rd state.
1729 First Catholic nun in America Ceremony of Profession is held for Sister St. Stanislaus Hachard, of New Orleans.
Today's Birthdays for March 15
1962 Jimmy Baio (James Joseph Baio), American actor. TV: Soap (1977-81, Billy Tate). He is the cousin of actor Scott Baio.
1944 Sly Stone (Sylvester Stewart), American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame singer, songwriter. With Sly and the Family Stone, known for the development of soul, funk, rock, and psychedelia in the 1960s and 1970s.
1941 Mike Love American singer, with The Beach Boys. Music: Surfin' USA (1963), I Get Around (1964, #1), Help Me Rhonda, (1965, #1), and Good Vibrations (1966, #1).
1935 Judd Hirsch American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Taxi (Alex) and Dear John (John).
1932 Alan L. Bean American astronaut, the fourth man to walk on the Moon (1969).
1913 Macdonald Carey d. 1994 American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Days of Our Lives (Dr. Horton and narrator for the opening, "Like sands through the hourglass…") and Roots (1977, Squire James).
1854 Emil von Behring d. 1917 German Nobel-winning physiologist, bacteriologist. He discovered tetanus and diphtheria vaccines (1890).
Deaths for March 15
Mariya Vasilyevna Oktyabrskaya
Soviet tank driver. When she learned her husband had been killed fighting the Germans during WWII she sold all of her possessions and bought a tank for the Red Army. Her conditions were that the tank be named "Fighting Girlfriend" and that she be allowed to drive it. Seen at first as a publicity stunt, she fought in several battles proving herself an able and skilled tank driver. She died of wounds received while repairing her tank under heavy fire after it had been hit by a German anti-tank shell.
2014 David Brenner b. 1936 American comedian. TV: Hollywood Squares (panelist) and The Tonight Show (guest host). He was a pioneer in observational comedy (Have you ever noticed…).
2009 Ron Silver b. 1946 American Tony-winning actor. TV: Rhoda (Gary Levy).
2001 Ann Sothern b. 1909 American actress. Film: Heroine of the Maisie movies (1939-47). TV: My Mother the Car (voice of the car).
1998 Benjamin Spock b. 1903 American pediatrician, author of The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care (1946). He won a gold medal for rowing in the 1924 Olympics. In 1968 he was convicted of conspiracy to aid others in draft evasion and sentenced to two years.
1994 Morrie Brickman b. 1917 American cartoonist. Created the small society (1966). He also created the Mr. Yoyo character for Duncan Yoyos.
1975 Aristotle Socrates Onassis b. 1906 Greek shipping executive, husband of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.
1966 Abe Saperstein b. 1902 English-born basketball coach Hall of Famer. He formed and coached the Harlem Globetrotters (1927). At 5′3″ he is the shortest male member of the Basketball Hall of Fame. The Globetrotters won the World Professional Basketball Tournament in 1940.
1934 Davidson Black b. 1884 Canadian anthropologist. He discovered the race Homo erectus (1927) when he identified a single hominid tooth as the "Peking Man."
44 B.C. Julius Caesar b. 100 B.C. Roman general, statesman. He was assassinated by Marcus Brutus; Caesar's fortune teller had warned: "beware the Ides of March." The Ides of March falls on the 15th, the day Caesar was assassinated.