Today's History Trivia for March 22
2006 Addwaita the 250-year-old giant tortoise dies. He was given as a gift in 1767 to Lord Robert Clive of the East India Company.
1993 Intel officially introduces the "pentium" processor chip, for IBM compatibles. It is approximately 300 times faster than the 8088 in the original IBM PC.
1987 The Mobro 4000 The barge filled with 3,168 tons of New York garbage begins it 6,000-mile, 162-day voyage to find a port willing to take its load. New York City finally accepts.
1972 Birth Control The U.S. Supreme Court rules Massachusetts' law banning the possession of contraceptive devices by unmarried people is unconstitutional.
1972 27th Amendment passed by the Senate, prohibiting discrimination based on sex.
1904 First color newspaper pictures in the London Daily Illustrated Mirror.
1903 The Niagara Falls runs dry following a drought.
1895 First public showing of a motion picture on a screen by French inventors Auguste and Louis Lumiere.
1882 Polygamy is banned in the U.S. Those practicing, or approving of, polygamy were banned from voting and holding public office.
1871 First U.S. governor to be removed from office by impeachment William Woods Holden of North Carolina. His impeachment stemmed from attempts to control the Ku Klux Klan using military force.
1861 First U.S. nursing school to award a diploma School of Nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia is chartered. They issued their first diplomas in 1865.
1841 Cornstarch is patented, by Orlando Jones of England.
1834 The New Yorker is founded, by Horace Greeley and Jonas Winchester.
1622 First Indian Massacre of North America 347 Virginian colonists are killed. The Powhatan Confederacy attacked Jamestown and outlying settlements over concerns of forced integration and expanding land use by the colonists.
Today's Birthdays for March 22
1948 Andrew Lloyd Webber British musical composer. Stage: Evita (1976), Cats (1981), and The Phantom of the Opera (1986).
1931 William Shatner Canadian Emmy and Golden Globe-winning actor. TV: Star Trek (Capt. James T. Kirk), T.J. Hooker (title role), 911 (host), Boston Legal (Denny Crane), and spokesperson for Priceline.com. In 1968, he released the album The Transformed Man, featuring instant bad classics "Mr. Tambourine Man" and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" (Trust me, you have to hear them for yourself).
1930 Stephen Joshua Sondheim American musical composer, lyricist. Stage: West Side Story (1957).
1930 Pat Robertson (Marion Gordon Robertson), American televangelist, founder of CBN, and presidential candidate. He attributed Katrina (2005) to God's punishment for abortion policies and the Haiti Earthquake (2010) to God's vengeance for a Haitian pact with the devil. Also known for his prophetic visions, he predicted that the end of the world would occur in late 1982, large storms would hit the U.S. coast in 2006, and there would be mass terrorists attack in the U.S. in 2007. Books: The New World Order (1991) and Bring it On (2003).
1923 Marcel Marceau d. 2007 (Marcel Mangel), Emmy-winning French mime. Renowned in the art of silence, his most famous quote is, "". He changed his name to Marceau to hide his Jewish roots during WWII and served in the French underground helping children escape to Switzerland. Film: Barbarella (1968, Professor Ping) and Silent Movie (1976, in which he had the ONLY spoken line).
1920 Werner Klemperer d. 2000 German Emmy-winning actor. TV: Hogan's Heroes (Emmy, as Colonel Klink). He and his family fled the Nazis in 1933.
1920 Ross Martin d. 1981 (Martin Rosenblatt), Polish-born American actor. TV: The Wild, Wild West (Artemus Gordon).
1920 James L. Brown d. 1992 American actor. TV: The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin (Lt. Rip Masters).
1912 Karl Malden d. 2009 (Mladen Sekulovich), American Oscar-Emmy-winning actor. Film: A Streetcar Named Desire (1951, Oscar, Mitch). TV: The Streets of San Francisco (Lt. Stone).
1908 Louis Dearborn L'Amour d. 1988 American author, his books - known for their authentic portrayal of frontier life - sold over 200,000,000 copies.
1907 Sister Lucy dos Santos d. 2005 (Lúcia de Jesus Rosa Santos), Roman Catholic Carmelite nun. She claims that at the age of ten she saw and was spoken to by the Virgin Mary near Fátima, Portugal (1917).
1891 Chico Marx d. 1961 (Leonard Marx), American comedian, piano-playing Marx Brother.
1459 Maximilian I d. 1519 Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1493-1519).
Deaths for March 22
Stephen Decatur Jr
American naval officer. Known for heroism in battle, he is the youngest person to reach the rank of captain in the history of the United States Navy (1804 at age 25). He died from a duel with fellow navy captain James Barron.
2001 William Hanna b. 1910 American Oscar-winning cartoonist. He and Joseph Barbera created Tom and Jerry, Yogi Bear, The Jetsons, The Flintstones, and Scooby-Doo, Where Are You? He also provided the screams and yelps of Tom in the Tom and Jerry cartoons.
1994 Walter Lantz b. 1900 American cartoonist, creator of Woody Woodpecker, Andy Panda, and Chilly Willy.
1991 Dave Guard b. 1934 American folk singer, one of the founding members of the Kingston Trio (1957). Music: Tom Dooley and Five Hundred Miles.
1984 Paul Francis Webster b. 1907 American Oscar-winning lyricist. Film: Calamity Jane (1953, Oscar), Love is a Many Splendored Thing (1955, Oscar), and The Sandpiper (1965, Oscar).
1978 Karl Wallenda b. 1905 German tight-rope walker, with the Great Wallendas. He fell 100 feet to his death during a performance in Puerto Rico.
1958 Mike Todd b. 1907 (Avram Goldenbogen), American producer. Film: Oklahoma! (1955) and Around the World in 80 Days (1956). He died in a plane crash, in which his wife, Liz Taylor, would have also been a passenger had she not stayed home with a cold.
1687 Jean-Baptiste Lully b. 1632 (Giovanni Battista Lulli), Italian-born French composer. While conducting a Te Deum in honor of King Louis XIV's recent recovery from illness, he struck his toe with the staff he was using to keep beat. The wound turned gangrenous, but Lully refused to have his toe amputated and the gangrene spread resulting in his death several months later.
752 Saint Zachary b. ???? Greek-born religious leader, 91st Pope (741-752).