Today's History Trivia for March 4
1966 The Beatles - More Popular than Jesus The London Evening Standard publishes a quote by John Lennon stating that "We're more popular than Jesus now." This prompted Beatles Bonfires and the banning of their music by radio stations.
1933 The only thing we have to fear is… fear itself U.S. President F.D. Roosevelt makes his famous proclamation during his inauguration speech. "So, first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is… fear itself. Nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance. In every dark hour of our national life a leadership of frankness and of vigor has met with that understanding and support of the people themselves which is essential to victory. And I am convinced that you will again give that support to leadership in these critical days."
President for a Day?
Some claim David Rice Atchison became U.S. President for the day. Outgoing President James K. Polk's term ended at noon on March 4, which was a Sunday. His successor, Zachary Taylor, refused to be sworn into office on Sunday. Under the presidential succession law in place at the time, Atchison who was President pro tempore and therefore Acting Vice President, was believed by some to have become Acting President. And at 41 years of age, this would have made him the youngest ever U.S. President.
1984 The Television Academy Hall of Fame announces its first inductees: Lucille Ball, Milton Berle, Paddy Chayefsky, Norman Lear, Edward R. Murrow, William S. Paley, and David Sarnoff.
1981 Money for Nothing Joey Coyle's six day spending spree ends when he is arrested at a New York airport with $105,000 stuffed in his boots. He had found $1.2 million that had fallen out of an armored vehicle. He was acquitted by reason of temporary insanity. The 1993 movie was based on this event.
1933 First Woman Appointed to a U.S. President's Cabinet Frances Perkins becomes F.D. Roosevelt's Secretary of Labor.
1923 Butter The much loved food product is defined by Congress.
1923 American Battle Monuments Commission is established.
1913 U.S. Department of Labor is established.
1913 U.S. Department of Commerce is established.
1905 Theodore Roosevelt becomes the only president not to use the word "I" in his inaugural address.
1861 Civil War Flag of 7 stars and 3 stripes raised over the Confederate capitol of Montgomery, Alabama.
1857 Youngest U.S. Vice President John C. Breckinridge is inaugurated at the age of 36 years and 48 days.
1809 First presidential inaugural ball Held for Pres. James Madison and Vice-Pres. George Clinton.
1791 Vermont becomes the 14th state.
1789 U.S. Constitution It goes into effect after having been ratified the previous June.
1789 First Congress under the U.S. Constitution meets in New York.
1634 Boston's first tavern Opened by Samuel Cole.
Today's Birthdays for March 4
African-American businessman. He invented a gas-mask that was popular with American fire fighters. It had a hood to protect the eyes from smoke and air tubes that hung near the ground to draw clean air from beneath the rising smoke.
1969 Chastity Bono daughter of Sonny and Cher.
1953 Kay Lenz American Emmy-winning actress. TV: Reasonable Doubts (Maggie Zombro).
1938 Paula Prentiss (Paula Ragusa), American actress. TV: He & She (1967-68, She-Paula Hollister).
1906 Phil Davis d. 1964 American cartoonist. Drew Mandrake the Magician.
1901 Charles H. Goren d. 1991 American bridge expert, columnist, Goren on Bridge.
1891 Lois Wilson d. 1988 American founder of Al-Anon, the support group for friends and family of alcoholics. She was the wife of Alcoholics Anonymous cofounder Bill Wilson.
1889 Pearl White d. 1938 American actress, starred in the movie serials The Perils of Pauline (1914-24). She was the most popular actress of her day.
1888 Knute Kenneth Rockne d. 1931 Norwegian-born American football coach. His effective use of the forward pass, while a player at Notre Dame, forever changed college football. His record as Notre Dame coach (1914-31) was 105 wins, 12 losses, and 5 ties.
1678 Antonio Vivaldi d. 1741 Italian Baroque violin virtuoso and composer. Also known as "The Red Priest" due to his red hair.
Deaths for March 4
1950 Adam Rainer b. 1899 Austrian dwarf-giant. At age 18, he was 122.55 cm (4 ft 0.25 in), qualifying him as a dwarf. A sudden growth spurt, probably due to a pituitary tumor, caused him to reach a height of 218 cm (7 ft 2 in) by age 32. By the time of his death at age 51, he had reached a height of 234 cm (7 ft 8 in), thus making him the only known person to have been both a dwarf and a giant.
1996 Minnie Pearl b. 1912 (Sarah Ophelia Colley Cannon), American comedienne, "Howdeeeeee!" She was the first woman inducted into the National Hall of Fame (1994). Radio: Grand Ole Opry (1940-91). TV: Hee Haw (1969-91).
1994 John Candy b. 1950 Canadian Emmy-winning actor. Film: Planes, Trains and Automobiles (1987) and Uncle Buck (1989, title role). TV: Second City TV, and Saturday Night Live.
1963 Édouard Belin b. 1876 French engineer. He made the first telephoto transmission (1907). Using his own invention, he sent one from Paris to Lyon to Bordeaux and back to Paris.
1957 Dr. Evarts Ambrose Graham b. 1883 American physician. He performed the first successful lung removal operation by removing the cancerous lung of a fellow physician, curing the patient (1933). He was one of the first to note that almost all lung cancer patients were habitual smokers. He himself, a long term-smoker before quitting, died of lung cancer.
1952 Sir Charles Scott Sherrington b. 1857 English physiologist. He shared the 1932 Nobel Prize in medicine with E.D. Adrian for the discovery of the neurons.
1938 George Foster Peabody b. 1852 American banker, director of the Federal Reserve Bank at New York (1914-21). The Peabody broadcasting awards were created in his honor (1940).
1883 John Graham Chambers b. 1843 British sportsman. He defined the Marquess of Queensberry boxing rules (1867), which established the mandatory use of gloves, the ten-count rule, and three-minute rounds.
561 Pelagius I b. ???? Italian religious leader, 60th Pope (555-561).