Today's History Trivia for March 7
1965 Bloody Sunday A march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama is organized by Amelia Boynton, and others in response to the fatal shooting of activist and deacon Jimmie Lee Jackson by a state trooper the previous month. The unarmed marchers are attacked by state troopers and county possemen with billy clubs and tear gas after they passed over the county line. Boynton was beat unconscious, and the media publicized worldwide a picture of her lying wounded on the bridge. The event became known as Bloody Sunday.
1953 Sex-Change Woman of the Year Christine Jorgensen is selected "Woman of the Year" by the Scandinavian Societies of Greater New York. She was previously George Jorgensen before a sex-change operation. She became the first widely-known sex change recipient in the U.S. after the New York Daily News ran a front page story with the headline, "Ex-GI Becomes Blonde Bombshell" about her.
1960 Jack Paar The Tonight Show host returns to the show. He had walked out a month earlier after a water closet joke had been censored.
1927 A Texas law prohibiting blacks from voting in primary elections is ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
1926 First radio conversation between New York and London.
1912 First non-stop flight from Paris to London French aviator Henri Seimet makes the journey in three hours.
1911 U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger, resigns after charges of favoritism in granting claims to Alaskan coal lands.
1894 First commercial motion picture production A Kinetoscope film by Edison Laboratories of strongman Eugene Sandow.
Today's Birthdays for March 7
1765 Joseph Nicéphore Niepce d. 1833 French inventor. He created the first true photographs (1826) and the world's first internal combustion engine (1807), which he developed with his older brother Claude.
1960 Ivan Lendl tennis player.
1950 Franco Harris American Football Hall of Famer.
1947 Richard Lawson (Rickey Lee Lawson), African-American actor. TV: Dynasty (1986-1987, Nick Kimball), The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd (1989-1991, Det. Nathaniel Hawthorne), and All My Children (1992-1994, Lucas Barnes).
1946 Peter Wolf (Peter Blankfield), American singer, with J. Geils Band. Music: Must Have Got Lost (1974), Freeze-Frame (1981), and Centerfold (1981, #1).
1945 John Heard American actor. Film: Head Over Heels (1979) and Home Alone (1990).
1940 Daniel J. Travanti American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Hill Street Blues (Capt. Frank Furillo).
1938 Janet Guthrie American auto racer, aerospace engineer. She was the first woman to compete in the Indianapolis 500 (1977).
1934 Willard Scott American TV personality. He was the original Ronald McDonald (1963-66). TV: The Hogan Family (Mr. Poole), Today (weatherman), and as Bozo the Clown for the Washington D.C. TV show.
1927 James Broderick d. 1982 American actor. TV: Family (1976-80, father Doug Lawrence). He is the real-life father of actor Matthew Broderick.
1875 Joseph-Maurice Ravel d. 1937 French composer. Music: Boléro (1928).
1849 Luther Burbank d. 1926 American naturalist. He created hundreds of new breeds of flowers, plants, and trees, including the Russet Burbank Potato (1872), which launched the Idaho potato industry.
1845 Daniel David Palmer d. 1913 Canadian-born American magnetic healer and founder of chiropractic treatment (c1895). He believed that disease was caused by poor nerve flow through the spine.
1707 Stephen Hopkins d. 1785 American politician. Signer of the Declaration of Independence, and three-time governor of Rhode Island (1755-68).
1693 Clement XIII d. 1769 Italian religious leader, 248th Pope (1758-69).
Deaths for March 7
2009 Jimmy Boyd b. 1939 American singer. Music: I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus (1952, #1).
1999 Stanley Kubrick b. 1928 American director. Film: Dr. Strangelove (1964), 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), A Clockwork Orange (1971), The Shining (1980), and Full Metal Jacket (1987).
1988 Divine b. 1945 (Harris Glenn Milstead), American transvestite actor. Film: Pink Flamingos and Polyester.
1985 Robert Winship Woodruff b. 1889 American businessman. As president of Coca-Cola (1923-55), he changed it from a faltering debt-ridden business into a multi-million dollar empire. Six weeks after his death Coca-Cola announced it was changing its 99-year-old formula.
1983 Robert Bray b. 1917 American actor. TV: Lassie (forest ranger Corey Stuart). He died from an accidental gunshot wound sustained while out hunting alone.
1809 Jean Pierre Francois Blanchard b. 1753 French balloonist, first to cross the English Channel in a balloon (1785) and is credited with inventing the parachute.
1767 Jean Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville b. 1680 French governor of Louisiana (1701-13, 1718-26, 1733-43) and founder of New Orleans (1717).
1724 Innocent XIII b. 1655 Italian religious leader, 244th Pope (1721-24).
161 Antonius Pius b. A.D. 86 Roman emperor (138-161 A.D.).