Today's History Trivia for March 8
2014 Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 Disaster The aircraft disappears from air traffic controllers' radar screens. Malaysian military radar continued to track the aircraft as it deviated westwards from its planned flight path and crossed the Malay Peninsula. It left the range of Malaysian military radar while over the Andaman Sea, 200 nautical miles (370 km) north-west of Penang in north-western Malaysia. The aircraft and its 12 Malaysian crew members and 227 passengers then disappeared. No distress signal or message was sent. In July 2015, a 2 meter (6ft) long piece of plane debris was found on a beach in St Andre, on the north-eastern coast of Reunion.
Slave for Life
John Casor becomes the first person of African descent in the Thirteen Colonies to be declared a slave for life as the result of a civil suit. Casor, an indentured servant, had filed for freedom from his owner Anthony Johnson; himself a black former indentured servant who had earned his freedom. After leaving his owner, Casor went to work for Robert Parker. Johnson sued Parker for detaining his servant. Johnson won, earning the right to keep Casor as a slave for life.
1983 Personal Computer IBM introduces the PC XT (XTended).
1976 4.4 ton meteor shower strikes Jilin, China.
1952 First use of an artificial heart on a human keeping a 41-year-old male alive for 80 minutes.
1910 First licensed woman pilot Baroness Raymonde de la Roche, France.
1862 The Confederate ironclad Virginia (formerly the Merrimac) is launched, during the Civil War.
1785 First U.S. Secretary of War is appointed, Henry Knox.
1775 Slavery The first article proposing the emancipation of African slaves and the abolition of slavery is published. Titled "African Slavery in America," it was published anonymously. However, many historians believe its author was Thomas Paine.
Today's Birthdays for March 8
1959 Aidan Quinn American actor. Film: Desperately Seeking Susan (1985), Stakeout (1987), and Benny & Joon (1993).
1946 Randy Meisner American singer, with The Eagles. Music: Take It Easy (1972) and Hotel California (1976, #1).
1945 Mickey Dolenz American drummer, actor, one of The Monkees. Music: Last Train to Clarksville (1966) and I'm a Believer (1966). TV: Circus Boy (Corky).
1943 Lynn Redgrave d. 2010 British actress. Film: Georgy Girl (1966, Georgy). TV: Weight-Watcher advertisements. She is the only person to have been nominated for all of the 'Big Four' American entertainment awards (Grammy, Emmy, Oscar, and Tony) without winning any of them.
1922 Cyd Charisse d. 2008 (Tula Ellice Finklea), American dancer, actress. Film: Singin' in the Rain (1952).
1914 Priscilla Lawson d. 1958 (Priscilla Shortridge), American actress. Film: Flash Gordon movie serials (1936, Princess Aura the daughter of Ming the Merciless). She was Miss Miami Beach (1935).
1902 Louise Beavers d. 1962 American actress, one of TV's first black stars, the second (1952-53) Beulah of the TV series.
1900 Howard Hathaway Aiken d. 1973 American engineer, builder of the second digital computer (Mark I, 1944).
1879 Otto Hahn d. 1968 German chemist, co-discovered, with Fritz Strassman, nuclear fission (1938) for which he won the Nobel Prize. He also discovered the element protactinium and is credited with being the first person to split an atom.
1859 Kenneth Grahame d. 1932 English author. Writings: The Wind in the Willows (1908).
1787 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe d. 1840 German surgeon. Founder of modern plastic surgery.
Deaths for March 8
1930 William Howard Taft b. 1857 27th U.S. President (1909-13), Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1921-30), and U.S. Secretary of War (1904-08). He was the first U.S. president to throw out the opening ball of baseball season (1910). He is the only person to be both a U.S. President and a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
13th U.S. President (1850-53) and 12th U.S. Vice-President (1849-50). Fillmore was instrumental in getting the Compromise of 1850 passed, a bargain that led to a brief truce in the battle over slavery.
2016 Sir George Henry Martin b. 1926 English record producer, producer for The Beatles, AKA the "Fifth Beatle."
1999 Joe DiMaggio b. 1914 (Giuseppe Paolo DiMaggio, Jr.), American Baseball Hall-of-Famer, and ex-husband of Marilyn Monroe. His is the only major league player selected for the All-Star Game in every season they played. His record-breaking 56-game hitting streak in the 1941 season still stands.
1993 Billy Eckstine b. 1914 (William Eckstein), American blues singer. Music: Blue Moon, Fools Rush In, and I Apologize. He was the first black singer to become a national sex symbol.
1971 Harold Lloyd b. 1893 American comic actor, known for his dangerous stunts. Film: Grandma's Boy (1922), Safety Last (1923), and The Kid Brother (1927).
1961 Sir Thomas Beecham b. 1879 British conductor, founded the London Philharmonic orchestra (1932).
1917 Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin b. 1838 German aviator. He designed and built large dirigible balloons capable of long controlled flights.
1889 John Ericsson b. 1803 Swedish-born American Naval engineer. He invented the twin-screw propeller and built the first armored turret warship (1862, USS Monitor).
1887 Henry Ward Beecher b. 1813 American preacher. Writings: Seven Lectures to Young Men (1844). He was one of the leading opponents to slavery in his time.
1144 Celestine II b. ???? religious leader, 165th Pope (1143-44).