Today's History Trivia for May 22
1992 Johnny Carson hosts his last The Tonight Show. He had been host since 1962.
1985 Rambo: First Blood Part II premiers.
1977 First Woman to Compete in the Indianapolis 500 Janet Guthrie qualifies with an average speed of 188.403 mph. She finished 29th of 33 in the actual race on May 27th. Source: Famous First Facts
1972 First U.S. President to Visit Moscow Nixon for a week of summit talks with the leaders of the Kremlin.
1947 First ballistic missile The U.S. successfully launches the Corporal at the White Sands Proving grounds in New Mexico. It had a range of 63 miles.
1943 A Situation of Gravity is published in Liberty Magazine. It was the basis for the movie The Absent Minded Professor (1960).
1891 Motion Pictures Edison gives the first public demonstration of his motion picture camera, the Kinetoscope.
1882 Korea's independence is recognized by the U.S.
1872 Amnesty Act Restored civil rights to the citizens of the South.
1861 Civil War - First Union soldier killed by enemy action Bailey Brown is killed in West Virginia by Confederate pickets.
1761 First life insurance policy in America is issued, by a Philadelphia company.
1621 First wedding in New England Governor Edward Winslow marries Susanna White.
Today's Birthdays for May 22
1920 Thomas Gold d. 2004 Austrian-born astronomer. He established the steady-state theory of the universe (1948), which has since been abandoned by most astronomers. He also proposed a "garbage theory" for the origin of life in which life on Earth spread from a pile of waste products dumped on Earth long ago by extraterrestrials.
1859 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle d. 1930 Scottish physician, author. Creator of Sherlock Holmes (1887). His belief in Spiritualism and the existence of fairies put him at odds with his one-time friend Harry Houdini.
1961 Jeremy Gelbwaks American actor. TV: The Partridge Family (the first Chris). He was replaced after the first season when his real-life family moved.
1942 Theodore Kaczynski American mathematician, Unabomber. He was convicted of killing three people and wounding 29 others by sending mail bombs over a period of almost eighteen years.
1938 Susan Strasberg d. 1999 American actress. At age 18, she became the youngest actress to star on Broadway with her name above the marquee title, for her role in The Diary of Anne Frank (1955, title role).
1938 Richard Benjamin American actor. TV: He & She (Dick). Film: Portnoy's Complaint (1972).
1924 Charles Aznavour French singer. Music: Yesterday When I Was Young.
1917 Sid Melton d. 2011 American actor. TV: Green Acres ("handyman" Alf Monroe).
1915 George Baker d. 1975 American cartoonist. Creator of Sad Sack (1942) depicting a lowly private dealing with the absurdities of military life.
1908 Horton Smith d. 1963 American golfer. He won the first Masters tournament (1934), and again in 1936.
1907 Sir Laurence Olivier d. 1989 British Oscar and Emmy-winning actor. He starred in and directed Hamlet (1948) which won five Oscars and was the first British film to win a Best Picture Oscar. He was knighted in 1947.
1828 Albrecht von Gräfe d. 1870 German eye surgeon, regarded as the greatest German ophthalmologist of the 19th century. He was the first to successfully treat glaucoma.
1813 Richard Wagner d. 1883 German opera composer, the Ring cycle (1876).
Deaths for May 22
337 Constantine I b. circa 280 Roman Emperor (312-337). He was the first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity (312). He converted after winning the Battle of the Milvian Bridge. Some accounts say he received instructions in a dream to paint the Christian monogram on his troops' shields, thus fighting the battle in the name of the Christian God. Other accounts say he converted after seeing a cross in the heaven bearing the expression "In this sign conquer." See Battle of the Milvian Bridge.
2010 Martin Gardner b. 1914 American mathematician, magician. His Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science (1957) is considered a classic in the field of scientific skepticism. He also wrote the "Mathematical Games" column in Scientific American.
1998 John Derek b. 1926 (Derek Delevan Harris), American actor. Film: Tarzan, the Ape Man (1981, in which he directed his wife Bo) and Bolero (1984, written and directed, also starring Bo Derek).
1983 Albert Claude b. 1898 Belgian Nobel-winning biologist, founder of modern cell biology. He was the first to use the electron microscope to study cells (1945).
1885 Victor Marie Hugo b. 1802 French poet, author. Writings: Les Misérables (1862). He was exiled from France (1851) for his opposition to Louis Napoleon.
1868 Julius Plücker b. 1801 German mathematician physicist. He discovered that cathode rays are diverted by magnetic fields, the principal upon which TV pictures tubes are made. He also discovered that spectral lines are unique to each chemical, the principal of spectroscopy.
1667 Alexander VII b. 1599 Italian religious leader, 237th Pope (1655-67).