Today's History Trivia for May 23
2003 Jumping the Couch - Tom Cruise Incident Tom Cruise jumps on Oprah's couch and professes his love for girlfriend Katie Holmes. The incident spawned the phrase "jumping the couch" to describe someone going off the deep end in public.
1988 Gun Control Maryland becomes the first U.S. state to ban the sale of cheap hand guns, commonly called "Saturday night specials."
1986 Cobra premiers.
1985 Mother Teresa and Frank Sinatra receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Pres. Reagan.
1962 First Successful Reimplantation of a Human Limb The right arm of a 12-year-old boy is reattached by doctors in Boston.
1955 Ordination of women ministers is approved by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church.
1934 Nylon is invented, by the du Pont Company. Its first commercial use was bristles for toothbrushes.
1924 Rayon is officially adopted as the name for artificial silk, by the National Retail Dry Goods Association.
1900 First African-American to Receive the U.S. Medal of Honor Sergeant William Harvey Carney for bravery in 1863.
1876 First National League no-hitter Pitched by Joe Borden of Boston. Source: Famous First Facts
1788 South Carolina becomes the 8th state.
1785 Bifocals are invented Ben Franklin makes a pair of glasses in which the lenses consist of an upper and lower part, each with a different focusing power.
Today's Birthdays for May 23
1954 "Marvelous" Marvin Hagler American boxer, middleweight champion (1980-87).
1934 Robert Arthur Moog d. 2005 American inventor. He created the Moog synthesizer (1964), the first widely-used electronic musical instrument.
1933 Joan Collins British actress. TV: Batman (Siren) and Dynasty (Alexis).
1931 Barbara Barrie American actress. TV: Barney Miller (Barney Miller's wife).
1928 Rosemary Clooney d. 2002 American singer, actress. The 1978 TV movie Escape From Madness dramatized her confinement in a California mental hospital.
1920 Helen O'Connell d. 1993 American big band singer, popularized the songs Green Eyes, Tangerine, and I Remember You. She hosted the Miss Universe pageant for nine years.
1919 Betty Garrett d. 2011 American actress. TV: All in the Family (Irene Lorenzo) and Laverne & Shirley (Edna Babish).
1910 Artie Shaw d. 2004 (Arthur Arshawsky), American band leader, Jazz clarinetist. Music: Begin the Beguine (1938, #1). Quote: "I could never understand why people wanted to dance to my music. I made it good enough to listen to."
1908 John Bardeen d. 1991 American Nobel-winning physicist, co-inventor of the transistor.
1883 Douglas Fairbanks d. 1939 (Douglas Elton Ullman), American actor, first of the Hollywood swashbucklers. He co-founded United Artists (1919).
1875 Alfred Pritchard Sloan Jr d. 1966 American industrialist. As president (1923-37) and chairman (1937-56) of General Motors, he made it one of the greatest industrial enterprises in history.
1848 Otto Lilienthal d. 1896 German aviation pioneer. Inventor of the first successful gliders. He died from injuries sustained in a gliding accident.
1828 Edward Hitchcock Jr d. 1911 American physician. The first U.S. professor of physical education and hygiene (1861). He was appointed by Amherst College of Massachusetts.
1810 Sarah Margaret Fuller d. 1850 American writer, critic. She wrote Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845), the first American book on feminism. She was the first American woman foreign correspondent for the New York Tribune (1846).
1734 Franz Mesmer d. 1815 German physician. Created the theory of mesmerism, the forerunner to hypnotism.
Deaths for May 23
1945 Heinrich Himmler b. 1900 German Nazi official, Hitler's second in command. He organized and led the S.S. (1929), headed the Gestapo (1936), and was German interior minister (1943). He committed suicide after he was captured by the Allies by biting down on a cyanide capsule.
2015 Anne Meara b. 1929 American actress. TV: Archie Bunker's Place (Veronica) and Alf (Dorothy). With her husband, she was half of the comedy team Stiller and Meara.
2002 Sam Snead b. 1912 American Hall of Fame golfer. 3-time Masters winner (1949, 52, 54), 3-timer winner of the PGA Championship (1942, 49, 51), and winner of the British Open (1946), 6-time winner of the Seniors Championship (1964-65, 67, 70, 72-73).
1975 Jackie "Moms" Mabley b. 1894 (Loretta Mary Aiken), American comedienne. She was one the most successful entertainers of the black vaudeville stage and was billed as "The Funniest Woman in the World."
1941 Lord Herbert Austin b. 1866 English automaker. He founded the Austin Motor Co. (1905), which became one of Britain's largest automakers.
1938 Buddy b. circa 1927 Swiss-born German shepherd, first seeing-eye dog in the U.S. (1928). He was brought from Switzerland by blind owner Morris Frank who co-founded The Seeing Eye, the first dog guide school in the U.S.
1937 John Davison Rockefeller b. 1839 American philanthropist. Co-founded Standard Oil Company (1870). Considered the wealthiest American of all time, he gave away over $750,000,000.
1868 Kit Carson b. 1809 (Christopher Carson), American frontiersman.
1752 William Bradford b. 1663 American colonial printer, founder of the New York Gazette (1725), the first New York newspaper.
1701 Capt. William Kidd b. 1645 Scottish pirate, was commissioned by the King to hunt pirates, but instead became one, for which he was hanged in London.
1125 Henry V b. 1086 King of Germany (1099-1125) and Holy Roman Emperor (1111-25).
230 Saint Urban I b. ???? Italian religious leader, 17th Pope (222-230).