Today's History Trivia for May 30
1922 The Lincoln Memorial Dedicated The memorial to U.S. President Abraham Lincoln in Washington D.C. is dedicated. It is featured on the backs of U.S. 1¢ coins and $5 bills and houses the famous seated statue of Lincoln, created by Daniel Chester French.
Future President Kills Man in Duel
Future U.S. President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel. The dispute was over a horse race between Jackson and Dickinson's father-in-law Joseph Erwin. Erwin's horse was unable to race and according to the terms of the bet, was required to pay a forfeiture of $800. There was a disagreement about the payment that escalated into name calling being published in the local papers. Dickinson was an expert shot, so Jackson chose to allow him to turn and shoot first hoping that being rushed would cause him to miss. However, he hit Jackson in the chest, breaking several ribs and lodging the bullet next to his heart. Jackson would carry this bullet in his chest the rest of his life.
Joan of Arc Burned at the Stake
Known as the "The Maid of Orléans," she led the French armies against the English during the Hundred Years' War.
1993 First blind woman to climb Mt. McKinley 54-year-old American Joni Phelps - blind since age 30 - reaches the summit. She and her two sons completed the climb in 16 days.
1992 Southfork the Ewing family ranch from the TV show Dallas is sold for $2.6 million to Rex Maughan.
1967 Evel Knievel jumps 16 cars on a motorcycle at Ascot Speedway in California.
1966 First Successful U.S. Soft Landing of a Manmade Object on the Moon Surveyor I is launched. It would land on June 2.
1951 Down You Go debuts on DuMont. It was one of only four shows to appear on all four major TV networks (ABC, CBS, NBC, DuMont).
1930 First woman to run 100 yards in under 11 seconds Stella Walsh in 10.8 seconds.
1912 Indianapolis 500 Ralph De Palma was leading by five miles with four laps to go when he began having engine trouble. He and his passenger had to push the Mercedes the last five-eighths of a mile to the finish line for an 11th place finish. He would win the race in 1915.
1911 First running of the Indianapolis 500 won by Ray Harroun with an average speed of 74.59 mph.
1909 National Conference of the Negro led to the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
1901 Hall of Fame for Great Americans is dedicated, at New York University.
1870 Texas is readmitted to the Union.
1806 Future U.S. President Andrew Jackson shoots and kills Charles Dickinson in a duel. Jackson suffered a broken rib.
Today's Birthdays for May 30
1926 Christine Jorgensen d. 1989 (George William Jorgensen Jr.), American sex change recipient (c1952). She had the surgery in Denmark and was the first widely-known sex change recipient in the United States. On her return to the U.S., the New York Daily News ran a front page story with the headline "Ex-GI Becomes Blonde Bombshell" making her an instant celebrity. Writings: Christine Jorgensen: A Personal Autobiography.
1975 Michael Peter Fay American teenager, vandal. In 1994, he received four lashes with a rattan rod from Singapore authorities for spray painting cars and other vandalism. See Caning.
1968 Zacarias Moussaoui French Al Qaeda member, "The 20th Hijacker." He was taken into custody by the FBI, several weeks before the September 11, 2001 attacks, after his flight school instructor expressed concerns about his motivation for taking lessons. In 2006, he was sentenced to life in prison.
1961 Ralph Carter American actor. TV: Good Times (Michael).
1958 Ted McGinley American actor. TV: The Love Boat (Ace the photographer), Married… With Children (Jefferson D'Arcy), and Hope & Faith (Charley Shanowski). Film: Revenge of the Nerds (1984, Stan Gable, Alpha Beta/President of Greek Council).
1943 Penny Ann Early American athlete. She was the first female jockey (1968) and the first woman to play in a professional basketball league (1968, ABA). After earning her jockey's license male jockeys refused to race with her in attempt to block her from competing. In response, the Kentucky Colonels of the American Basketball Association signed her to their team. She played briefly for one play. At 5′3″ and 114 pounds, she is also the smallest pro basketball player ever.
1940 David Ackroyd American actor. TV: Another World (1974-77, Dr. Dave Gilchrist) and Dallas (1978, Gary Ewing).
1939 Michael J. Pollard (Michael J. Pollack), American actor. Film: Bonnie and Clyde (1967, C.W. Moss - the duo's dimwitted partner).
1936 Keir Dullea American actor. Film: 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968).
1927 Clint Walker American actor. TV: Cheyenne (Cheyenne Bodie).
1909 Benny Goodman d. 1986 (Benjamin David Goodman), American band leader, called "The King of Swing."
1908 Mel Blanc d. 1989 (Melvin Jerome Blanc), American cartoon voice, man of a thousand voices, Bugs Bunny, Woody Woodpecker, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, and Barney Rubble to name just a few.
1846 Peter Carl Faberge d. 1920 Russian goldsmith, jeweler. Creator of the Faberge eggs.
Deaths for May 30
1912 Wilbur Wright b. 1867 American aviator. He and his brother Orville are credited with building and flying the first manned heavier-than-air flying machine (1903). However, there is evidence that Gustave Whitehead made a powered, heavier-than-air-flight two years earlier.
French author, philosopher, to whom the quote "I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it" is attributed.
Joan of Arc
(Jeanne D'Arc), French patriot. Known as the "The Maid of Orléans," she led the French armies against the English during the Hundred Years' War.
1967 Claude Rains b. 1889 English actor. Film: The Invisible Man (1933, title role) and Casablanca (1942, the police chief).
1960 Boris Leonidovich Pasternak b. 1890 Russian author. Writings: Dr. Zhivago (1955). He rejected the 1958 Nobel Prize for literature after his nomination caused criticism from the Communist Party and his expulsion from the Soviet Writers union.
1574 Charles IX b. 1550 King of France (1560-74). Responsible for the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre (1572) in which thousands of Huguenots were killed.