Today's History Trivia for November 10
1975 The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald The ore carrier sinks during a storm on Lake Superior. None of the 29 crew members survived. Gordon Lightfoot's Gordon Lightfoot Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald: 1976 #2 hit was based on this tragedy. When the ship was christened in 1958 it took three attempts to break the champagne bottle. This is considered a bad omen in shipping lore. During the ceremony a spectator had a heart attack and later died.
1951 Guinness Book of Records Sir Hugh Beaver became involved in an argument over which was the fastest game bird in Europe, the golden plover or the red grouse. Realizing that it was impossible to confirm in reference books whether or not the golden plover was Europe's fastest game bird, he figured there must be many other questions debated nightly in pubs, but there was no book in the world with which to settle these arguments. He then hired the McWhirter twins to compile such a book. It became the Guinness Book of Records and was an instant success.
4004 B.C. Garden of Eden Adam and Eve are ejected from the garden - as calculated in 1658 by Archbishop James Ussher of Armagh, Ireland. He used a combination of Biblical and historical documents to calculate this date.
1989 The Berlin Wall German troops began dismantling the 28-year-old symbol of the cold war.
1977 First test-tube baby Louise Joy Brown is conceived.
1951 First transcontinental direct-dial telephone service Service begins, requiring only 18 seconds to make the connection.
1911 The Carnegie Foundation is established with a $25,000,000 grant from Andrew Carnegie to carry on his philanthropic work.
1871 "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Henry Stanley finds Scottish explorer Frank Livingstone in Africa, prompting the famous query.
1808 Osage Treaty The Osage Indians cede nearly all of what is now Missouri and Arkansas north of the Arkansas River with the signing of the treaty.
1799 Napoleon Bonaparte The French military leader becomes the First Consul of France.
1775 U.S. Marine Corps The Continental Marines are formed during the American Revolution. They were the forerunner to the U.S. Marine Corps. They were disbanded in 1783 and then reformed in 1798.
1766 Rutger's University Queen's College at New Brunswick is chartered, later changing its name to Rutger's University.
Today's Birthdays for November 10
1483 Martin Luther d. 1546 German religious reformer. His stand on the Bible led to the formation of the Lutheran Church. He was excommunicated (1521) from the Roman Catholic Church for challenging the church's doctrines.
1959 MacKenzie Phillips American actress. TV: One Day at a Time (Julie).
1956 Sinbad (David Adkins), American comic, actor. TV: The Sinbad Show.
1947 Greg Lake d. 2016 British bass player, singer, with Emerson, Lake and Palmer. Music: Lucky Man (1970), Tarkus (1971), Brain Salad Surgery (1974), and I Believe In Father Christmas (1975).
1945 Donna Fargo (Yvonne Vaughn), American Grammy-winning country singer. Music: The Happiest Girl in the Whole U.S.A. (1972, #1, Grammy), Funny Face (1972, #1), Superman (1973, #1), and That Was Yesterday (1977, #1).
1932 Roy Scheider d. 2008 American actor. Film: French Connection (1971), Jaws (1975), and All That Jazz (1979).
1925 Richard Burton d. 1984 (Richard Jenkins, Jr.), British Tony-winning actor. Film: Cleopatra (1963, Mark Antony), The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965), and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966). TV: Wuthering Heights (Heathcliff).
1919 Mikhail Kalashnikov d. 2013 Russian firearms designer, inventor of the AK-47 assault rifle.
1909 Johnny Marks d. 1985 American Hall of Fame songwriter. Wrote: Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer (1949), Rockin' Around the Christmas Tree (1958), A Holly, Jolly Christmas (1964), and The Most Wonderful Day of the Year (1964) even though he was Jewish.
1893 John Phillips Marquand d. 1960 American Pulitzer-winning author. Writings: The Late George Apley (1937, Pulitzer). He also created the Japanese detective Mr. Moto.
1889 Claude Rains d. 1967 English actor. Film: The Invisible Man (1933, title role) and Casablanca (1942, the police chief).
1880 Sir Jacob Epstein d. 1959 British sculpture, known for his controversial sculptures, including Venus (1917) and Adam (1939).
1728 Oliver Goldsmith d. 1774 Irish poet, author. Writings: The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), The Deserted Village (1770), and She Stoops to Conquer (1773, one of the greatest comedies in English literature).
1683 George II d. 1760 King of Great Britain and Ireland (1727-60).
Deaths for November 10
2007 Norman Mailer b. 1923 American author, co-winner of a Pulitzer Prize for American History (1969). Writings: The Executioner's Song (1979, Pulitzer winner about Gary Gilmore) and Harlot's Ghost (1991, National Book Award winner).
2007 Laraine Day b. 1920 (La Raine Johnson), American actress. After her marriage to baseball manager Leo Durocher, she took an interest in the sport and became known as "The First Lady of Baseball." TV: Dr. Kildare (Nurse Lamont).
2006 Jack Palance b. 1919 (Volodymyr Palahniuk), American Oscar-Emmy-winning actor. Film: Sudden Fear (1952) and City Slickers (1991, Oscar). TV: Ripley's Believe It or Not (host).
2001 Ken Kesey b. 1935 American author. Writings: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1962).
1998 Svetlana Beriosova b. 1932 Lithuanian-born British prima ballerina, created the leads in Le Baiser de la Fée and Perséphone.
1992 Chuck Connors b. 1921 American actor. TV: The Rifleman (Lucas McCain). Before acting he played for the Boston Celtics and became the first NBA player to shatter a backboard (1946). He went on to play baseball for the Brooklyn Dodgers and Chicago Cubs.
1982 Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev b. 1906 Soviet statesman, head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1964-82).
1964 Jimmie Dodd b. 1910 (James Wesley Dodd), American actor. Leader of the Mouseketeers on the Mickey Mouse Club (1955-59) and composer of the opening theme song, The Mickey Mouse March.
1938 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk b. 1881 Turkish patriot. Father of the Turks, founder and first president of the Turkish Republic (1923-38).
1843 John Trumbull b. 1756 American soldier, painter of the American Revolution. Paintings: Signing of the Declaration of Independence, The Surrender of Cornwallis, The Resignation of Washington.
1549 Paul III b. 1468 (Alessandro Farnese), Italian religious leader, 220th Pope (1534-49). Copernicus dedicated to him his book On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. It described a solar system in which the Earth revolved around the Sun.
1241 Celestine IV b. ???? Italian religious leader, 179th Pope (Oct. - Nov. 1241).
461 Saint Leo I b. ???? Italian religious leader, 45th Pope (440-461). In 452 he convinced Attila to leave Italy without attacking Rome.