Today's History Trivia for November 14
1960 School Segregation First day of court-ordered school integration in New Orleans. Six-year-old Ruby Bridges attends an all-white school in New Orleans, Louisiana. Many whites pulled their children from the school and all but one teacher refused to teach her. This event was the subject of a Norman Rockwell painting.
1986 Ivan Boesky The Wall Street investor pleads guilty to illegal insider trading. He agreed to return profits and pay a $100 million fine.
1976 Jimmy Carter's Church Drops Ban on Blacks The Plains Baptist Church of Georgia drops its 11-year-old ban on attendance by blacks. Carter had been opposed to the ban.
1972 First Dow-Jones Index closing above 1000 Closing at 1003.16.
1967 Vietnam War - First U.S. General Killed During the War by Enemy Fire Major General Bruno Arthur Hochmuth is killed when the helicopter he was riding in is gunned down over Hué, Vietnam. Four other Marines, and a South Vietnamese Army aide were also killed in the incident.
1943 USS William D. Porter With Pres. Roosevelt aboard, the USS Iowa narrowly avoids a torpedo launched by the Porter. The Porter accidentally launched the torpedo during a simulation drill. The previous day, the Porter had accidentally dropped a depth charge near the Iowa, making the crew think they were under attack.
1943 Leonard Bernstein The 25-year-old gets his first big break when his asked to fill in as conductor of the New York Philharmonic.
1942 World War II U.S. Navy pilot Rickenbacker and two of his crew are rescued after their plane went down in the South Pacific. They had been drifting on a raft for three weeks.
1940 World War II The Luftwaffe raids Coventry, England, killing over 500 people and destroying the historic medieval cathedral.
1910 First airplane take-off from the deck of a ship Eugene Ely takes off from the USS Birmingham.
1889 Around the World in 80 Days New York World reporter Nellie Bly sets sail from New York in an effort to beat Philéas Fogg's (from Jules Verne's novel) time for a trip around the world. She made it with eight days to spare.
1832 First U.S. streetcar The New York and Harlem Railroad's horse-drawn vehicle makes its debut, giving a ride to public officials. It road on rails laid in the center of the road. It was opened to the public two weeks later.
1789 First American bishop Father John Carroll is chosen. He was ordained in 1790, and placed in charge of the Diocese of Baltimore.
Today's Birthdays for November 14
American murder victim. When he was six years old he was abducted from a Sears department store in Florida. His severed head was found two weeks later in a drainage canal alongside Florida's Turnpike in rural St. Lucie County, Florida. His story was made into the 1983 television film Adam, seen by 38 million people in its original airing. His father, John Walsh, became an advocate for victims of violent crimes and hosted the TV's America's Most Wanted (1988-2012).
1840 Claude Monet d. 1926 French impressionist painter, known of his landscapes using bright unmixed colors. In 1923 he had cataract surgery to restore his eyesight. The paintings done before surgery had a reddish tone, which is characteristic of the vision of cataract victims. After surgery his painting had a bluer tone.
1954 Yanni (Yiannis Chryssomallis), Greek musician. Known for his blending jazz, classical, soft rock, and world music and concerts at historical landmarks. Music: Live at the Acropolis (1994, second best-selling music concert video of all time).
1954 Condoleezza Rice American politician, first female African-American U.S. Secretary of State (2005-09).
1952 Ray Sharkey d. 1993 (Red Hook), American actor. TV: Wiseguy (Sonny Steelgrave). He died of AIDS.
1949 James Young American guitarist, with Styx. Music: Lady (1973), Grand Illusion (1977), and Babe (1979, #1).
1948 Charles Prince of Wales and heir to the British throne.
1947 P. J. O'Rourke (Patrick Jake O'Rourke), American American political satirist. Writings: Holidays in Hell (1988).
1947 Buckwheat Zydeco d. 2016 (Stanley Dural, Jr.), American Grammy-winning accordionist and zydeco musician. Popularized zydeco, the stomp style of music from the swamps of Louisiana.
1935 Hussein I d. 1999 King of Jordan (1952-99). He was the second Arab head of state to recognize Israel (1994, after Anwar Sadat in 1978).
1927 McLean Stevenson d. 1996 American actor. TV: M*A*S*H (Lt. Col. Blake).
1922 Veronica Lake d. 1973 (Constance Ockelman), American actress. Known for her peek-a-boo hairstyle with her long blonde hair covering one eye. Film: Sullivan's Travels (1941) and Hold That Blonde (1945).
1922 Phyllis Avery d. 2011 American actress. TV: George Gobel/Eddie Fisher Show (George Gobel's wife Alice).
1921 Brian Keith d. 1997 American actor. TV: Family Affair (Uncle Bill). Film: The Parent Trap (1961).
1913 Aladena "Jimmy the Weasel" Fratianno d. 1993 Italian-born American mob boss. In 1977, while he was head of the Los Angeles crime family, he became a government witness against the mob. His testimony contributed to the conviction of 26 mob members. He was the subject of the books The Last Mafioso and Vengeance is Mine.
1908 Joseph McCarthy d. 1957 U.S. Senator (Wisconsin). He led the Senate inquiry into the alleged communist activities during the 1950s.
1908 Harrison Evans Salisbury d. 1993 American Pulitzer-winning reporter, Soviet expert, and editor of the New York Times. He was the first American reporter in Hanoi during the Vietnam War.
1904 Dick Powell d. 1963 American actor, singer. His death was attributed to radiation exposure received from an A-bomb test near the filming of a movie in 1953.
1900 Aaron Copland d. 1990 American composer, Billy the Kid and Appalachian Spring.
1891 Sir Frederick Grant Banting d. 1941 Canadian Nobel-winning scientist. He and Charles Best discovered insulin (1921) for which he shared the Nobel Prize with Dr. J.J.R. MacLeod.
1889 Jawaharlal Nehru d. 1964 Indian statesman, first prime minister of the Republic of India (1947-64).
1842 Walter Williams d. 1959 American soldier. Reputed to be the last surviving Civil War veteran, claiming to have served in the Confederate Army (1864). However, after his death at age 117, there was little evidence to support his claims and records showing that his was probably born in 1854, too late to have served in the war as he claimed.
1765 Robert Fulton d. 1815 American inventor, steamboat pioneer.
Deaths for November 14
1965 Allen Balcom DuMont b. 1901 American inventor. He developed the first commercially practical cathode ray tube (1931), marketed the first home TV receiver (1939), and established the DuMont Television Network (1946).
1915 Booker T. Washington b. 1856 (Booker Taliaferro Washington), American educator. presidential advisor. First leader of the Tuskegee Institute (1881) for the training of Negroes. Born into slavery, he was emancipated at the end of the Civil War. He believed the way for blacks to gain equal social rights was to demonstrate "industry, thrift, intelligence, and property." He helped create numerous education opportunities for blacks. He was the first African-American depicted on a U.S. coin.
1997 Eddie Arcaro b. 1916 American Hall of Fame jockey. He was the first jockey to win the Triple Crown twice (1941, 1948), and he is a 5-time winner of the Kentucky Derby. He won a record-setting earnings of over $30 million.
1967 Major General Bruno Arthur Hochmuth b. 1911 He was the first U.S. general killed by enemy fire during the Vietnam War; the helicopter he was riding in was gunned down over Hué, Vietnam. Four other Marines, and a South Vietnamese Army aide were also killed in the incident.
1933 Edward Nash Hurley b. 1864 American tool maker, founder of Standard Pneumatic Tool Co. of Chicago (1896). He created the first piston-type pneumatic drill (1896), forerunner to the modern jackhammer.
1832 Charles Carroll b. 1737 American Revolutionary leader. He was the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, and the richest U.S. citizen at the time of his death.
1716 Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz b. 1646 German mathematician for whom the Leibniz series is named. He created the notation "dy/dx", the integral sign "∫", designed a machine that could multiply and divide (1671), introduced binary numbers (1679), and created differential (1684) and integral calculus (1686).
1687 Nell Gwyn b. 1650 English actress, one King Charles II thirteen mistresses, by whom she had two children. She came to epitomize the rags-to-royalty tale.