Today's History Trivia for November 16
1938 LSD The psychedelic drug (lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemists Albert Hofmann and Arthur Stoll. However, the psychedelic aspects of LSD weren't discovered until 5 years later when Hofmann accidentally ingested some of the drug.
1904 Vacuum Tube British electrical engineer John Ambrose Fleming files a patent for his vacuum tube (also known as a thermionic valve) as a detector for radio waves. The vacuum tube ushered in the modern era of electronics.
1992 New Catechism The Roman Catholic Church releases the first revision to its catechism in 426 years. It was more tolerant toward gays and maintained the Church's position against birth control and abortion.
1973 Alaska Pipeline Pres. Nixon signs the act authorizing construction of the Alaskan oil pipeline from the North Slope to Valdez.
1965 First man-made object to strike another planet Soviet Venera 3 is launched. It landed on Venus in March.
1914 Federal Reserve The first Federal Reserve bank opens in New York. Federal Reserve banks were established through the Federal Reserve Act which was created by Congress to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system.
1907 Oklahoma becomes the 46th state.
1864 Civil War - March to the Sea Gen. Sherman (Union) leaves Atlanta with 60,000 troops and heads for the sea in order to cut the Confederacy in two.
1822 Santa Fe Trail Captain William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico from Missouri. He was trying to establish a route more suited to wagons. His route became known as the Santa Fe Trail and opened up Santa Fe to more trade.
1793 French Revolution - Mass Drowning of Priests Ninety Catholic priests suspected of being royalist supporters are thrown into the Loire River at Nantes, France. Three were rescued, only to be drowned the following day. One managed to swim to safety.
1762 First Anatomy Lecture in America William Shippen, Jr. begins a series of lectures using anatomical drawings and casts made by the famous Dutch painter, Jan Van Rymsdyk.
Today's Birthdays for November 16
1967 Lisa Bonet American actress. TV: The Cosby Show (Denise) and A Different World (Denise).
1916 Daws Butler d. 1988 (Charles Dawson Butler), American cartoon voice. TV: voice of Elroy Jetson and Yogi Bear.
1907 Burgess Meredith d. 1997 American actor. TV: Batman (the Penguin), The Twilight Zone (1959, Time Enough at Last - The book lover who finds himself blissfully alone with his books after a nuclear war). Film: Rocky (1976, Rocky's trainer Mickey). He was blacklisted from films by the Senator Joseph McCarthy hearings in the 1950s.
1889 George S. Kaufman d. 1961 American Pulitzer-Tony-winning playwright, humorist. Theater: You Can't Take It with You (1936, Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The film version in 1938 won the Oscar for Best Picture).
1873 W.C. Handy d. 1958 (William Christopher Handy), American composer, musician, Father of the Blues. He composed Memphis Blues (1912) which was the first blues song published in the U.S.
1753 James McHenry d. 1816 Irish-born American surgeon, statesman, signer of the U.S. Constitution, and for whom Fort McHenry is named. He was U.S. Secretary of War (1796-1800).
42 B.C. Tiberius d. A.D. 37 Roman Emperor (14-37 A.D.), known for his vices and cruelty to his enemies.
Deaths for November 16
1819 John Greenwood b. 1760 American dentist. He made George Washington's dentures, which were not made from wood, but from hippopotamus and elephant ivory. He also invented the foot-powered dental drill.
2006 Milton Friedman b. 1912 American Nobel-winning economist (1976), free market economy advocate. He believed in the virtues of a free market economic system with minimal intervention. Friedman was an advisor to U.S. President Ronald Reagan and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
2005 Ralph Edwards b. 1913 American Radio Hall of Fame radio and TV host. TV: Truth or Consequences and This Is Your Life.
1965 Harry Blackstone b. 1885 (Harry Bouton), American magician. Famous for his Hindu rope trick and woman-in-the-cabinet illusions.
1960 Clark Gable b. 1901 American Oscar-winning actor. Film: Gone With the Wind (1939, Rhett Butler). Warner Bros. Studios had turned him down, claiming his ears were too big.
1948 Frederick Gardner Cottrell b. 1877 chemist, invented the electrostatic precipitator, used to remove dust and suspended particles from air.
1934 Alice Liddell b. 1852 English child for whom Lewis Carroll wrote the Alice in Wonderland stories.
1895 Samuel Francis Smith b. 1808 American poet, songwriter. Music: My Country, 'Tis of Thee (1832) which served as the U.S. national anthem prior to the adoption of the Star Spangled Banner.
1272 Henry III b. 1207 King of England (1216-72).