Today's History Trivia for November 18
1978 Jonestown Massacre More than 900 followers, including 304 minors, of Rev. Jim Jones commit suicide, in Guyana, at the request of their leader. Just hours before, Jones had ordered the killing of Rep. Leo Ryan of California, three journalists, and a temple defector. Ryan was there to investigate reports of abuse within the cult.
1928 Mickey Mouse Steamboat Willie, Disney's first cartoon with synchronized sound, is released. Mickey's voice was provided by none other than Disney himself. The Disney company celebrates Mickey's birthday on this day, however, the famed mouse appeared in Plane Crazy six months earlier.
1992 Superman is killed by Doomsday in today's issue of the comic book.
1992 Spike Lee's Malcolm X is released. Did you skip school to go see it?
1966 Catholicism This is the last Friday, except during lent, that U.S. Roman Catholics were required to abstain from eating meat.
1949 First black to win a major-league MVP award Jackie Robinson of the National League's Brooklyn Dodgers. Source: Famous First Facts
1903 Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty It allowed the U.S. to dig and maintain exclusive rights to the Panama Canal.
1894 First Sunday comics in a U.S. newspaper Cartoons by Richard Felton Outcault appear in The New York World.
1889 First U.S. battleship The USS Maine is launched.
1883 U.S. and Canada are divided into standard time zones This was replaced the following year by a World wide system having the prime meridian passing through British Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England.
Today's Birthdays for November 18
1889 Marvin Pipkin d. 1977 American chemist. Inventor of the light bulb frosted on the inside (1925). As a practical joke, new General Electric's National Electric Lamp Company employees were assigned the task of making a practical light bulb frosted on the inside, as it was believed impossible to do. Until new employee Marvin Pipkin was assigned this task - and proved them wrong.
Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre
French photographer. Inventor of the Daguerreotype photographic process (1839).
1947 Jameson Parker American actor. TV: Somerset (Dale Robinson) One Life to Live (the first Brad Vernon), and Simon & Simon (A.J. Simon).
1942 Susan Sullivan American actress. TV: Another World (1971-76, Lenore Curtin Delaney), Falcon Crest (1981-89, Maggie Gioberti), and Dharma & Greg (1997–2002, Kitty Montgomery).
1942 Linda Evans American actress. TV: The Big Valley (Audra Barkley) and Dynasty (Krystle Carrington).
1939 Brenda Vaccaro American Emmy-winning actress. Film: Jacqueline Susann's Once Is Not Enough (1975).
1926 Dorothy Collins d. 1994 (Marjorie Chandler), Canadian-born actress. TV: Your Hit Parade (the Lucky Strikes Lady) and Candid Camera (practical joker).
1908 Imogene Coca d. 2001 (Imogene Fernandez de Coca), American actress, comedienne.
1901 George Horace Gallup d. 1984 American pollster, inventor of the Gallup Poll (1935), which legitimized the use of polls to predict elections.
1860 Ignacy Paderewski d. 1941 Polish pianist, composer, statesman. He was the first prime minister (1919-20) of the newly independent Poland, although he resigned after ten months to resume his concert career.
Deaths for November 18
1978 Jim Jones b. 1931 American cult leader. When practices at his Guyana commune were about to be exposed (1978) he ordered the killing of California Rep. Leo Ryan, and then ordered his 900 followers to commit suicide in what became known as the Jonestown Massacre.
2002 James Coburn b. 1928 American actor. Film: The Magnificent Seven (1960) and Our Man Flint (1966).
1994 Cab Calloway b. 1907 (Cabell Calloway III), American singer, bandleader, actor. His orchestra was one of the leading bands of the 1930s and '40s. Music: Minnie the Moocher (the first million-selling jazz record).
1978 Leo J. Ryan b. 1925 American politician, San Francisco mayor (1972) and California Representative (1972-78). He was killed by Jim Jones' followers in the Jonestown, Guyana massacre.
1969 Ted Heath b. 1902 British band leader, one of the U.K.'s most famous post-war big band leaders. He sold over 20 million records.
1965 Henry Agard Wallace b. 1888 33rd U.S. Vice-President (1941-45).
1962 Niels Bohr b. 1885 Danish Nobel-winning physicist, "The father of atomic energy," developed the quantum theory of atomic structure (1913).
1946 Jimmy Walker b. 1881 American politician, New York Mayor (1925-32), nicknamed Beau James. He hosted the first regularly scheduled TV program (1931). He resigned as mayor after corruption in his administration was exposed.