Today's History Trivia for November 19
1863 Gettysburg Address Pres. Lincoln delivers his famous speech. "Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal."
1969 Third and Fourth Men to Walk on the Moon U.S. astronauts Charles Conrad, Jr. and Alan Bean. Upon stepping on the surface, Conrad commented, "Whoopee! Man, that may have been a small one for Neil, but that's a long one for me."
1959 Edsel The automobile is discontinued by Ford. With fewer than 100,000 sold since its 1957 introduction, it is one of the most famous examples of bureaucratic failures in U.S. industry.
1959 Rocky and His Friends debuts on ABC. His "friends" included Boris Badenov, Natasha Fatale, and of course Bullwinkle J. Moose.
1956 Edsel Ford announces the name of its upcoming radical new automobile.
1893 First color newspaper supplement in the New York World.
1794 First U.S. extradition treaty with a foreign country The Jay Treaty is signed with Great Britain. It was proclaimed law in 1796.
Today's Birthdays for November 19
1831 James A. Garfield d. 1881 20th U.S. President (Mar. 4 - Sept. 19, 1881). He was assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau. Guiteau shot and mortally wounded Garfield at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. Guiteau believed he deserved an appointed position due to his support of Garfield's presidential campaign. When that didn't happen, he decided to kill the President. Garfield died after extensive medical treatment. Guiteau was apprehended at the shooting and tried and executed for his crime.
1962 Jodie Foster (Alicia Christian Foster), American actress. Film: Taxi Driver (1976), The Little Girl Who Lived Down the Lane (1977), and The Silence of the Lambs (1991). When she was three, she posed bare bottomed for a Coppertone suntan lotion advertisement.
1942 Calvin Richard Klein American fashion designer.
1941 Dan Haggerty d. 2016 American actor. TV: The Life and Times of Grizzly Adams (1974 movie, 1977-78 TV series, title role). He also helped build the bikes in Easy Rider (1969).
1938 Ted Turner (Robert Edward Turner III), American media mogul, founder of Turner Broadcasting, Cable News Network (CNN), and owner of the Atlanta Braves and Hawks.
1936 Dick Cavett American talk show host.
1933 Larry King American talk-show host for CNN.
1921 Roy Campanella d. 1993 American baseball Hall of Famer, National League MVP (1951, 1953, and 1955).
1920 Gene Tierney d. 1991 American actress. Film: Laura (1944, title role), Leave Her to Heaven (1945), The Razor's Edge (1946), and The Left Hand of God (1955).
1917 Indira Nehru Gandhi d. 1984 prime minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84). She was killed by two of her own bodyguards.
1905 Tommy Dorsey d. 1956 American bandleader of the Big Band Era, brother of Jimmy.
1902 Trevor Bardette d. 1977 (Terva Gaston Hubbard), American actor. TV: The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp (Old Man Clanton).
1752 George Rogers Clark d. 1818 military leader of the American Revolution.
1600 Charles I d. 1649 King of England (1625-49). He was convicted of treason by Parliament and beheaded.
Deaths for November 19
2014 Mike Nichols b. 1931 (Michael Igor Peschkowsky), German-born American Oscar-Tony-Grammy-Emmy-BAFTA winning director. Stage: Barefoot in the Park (1963, Tony) and The Odd Couple (1965, Tony). Film: The Graduate (1967, Oscar).
1988 Christina Onassis b. 1950 Greek shipping executive, daughter of Aristotle Onassis.
1975 Elizabeth Taylor b. 1912 British novelist (not the actress). Quote: People with no vices usually have annoying virtues. Source: Fifth 637 Best Things Anybody Ever Said Writings: The Devastating Boys.
1967 Casimir Funk b. 1884 Polish-born American chemist. He discovered vitamins (1912) calling them "vital amines," which later became "vitamins."
1887 Emma Lazarus b. 1849 American poet who wrote the poem that appears on the Statue of Liberty.
1850 Richard Mentor Johnson b. 1780 9th U.S. Vice-President (1837-41).
1828 Franz Peter Schubert b. 1797 Austrian composer.
498 Anastasius II b. ???? Italian religious leader, 50th Pope (496-498).
496 Saint Gelasius I b. ???? African-born religious leader, 49th Pope (492-496).