Today's History Trivia for November 21
1980 Who shot J.R.? 78 million people watch Dallas to find out Kriston shot J.R., making this the highest rated TV episode to date.
1961 Bus Segreation Mississippi's segregation laws for buses and public transportation are ruled unconstitutional by a federal court. This was largely due to the efforts of the Freedom Riders, who challenged bus segregation by riding as racially-mixed groups.
1922 First woman U.S. Senator Mrs. Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia is seated.
1789 North Carolina becomes the 12th state.
1783 First Manned Balloon Free Flight Jean Pilatre de Rozier and Francois Laurent d'Arlandes in a 25-minute flight over Paris. They covered six miles and reached an altitude of about 300 feet.
Today's Birthdays for November 21
1834 Hetty Green d. 1916 (Henrietta Howland Green), American financial wizard and miser, called the Witch of Wall Street and the World's Greatest Miser. She wore the same black dress for years (eventually it turned green and then brown), used old newspapers for lingerie and lived in an unheated apartment. Her estate was valued at $100,000,000.
French author, philosopher, to whom the quote "I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it" is attributed.
1952 Lorna Luft American actress. TV: Trapper John, M.D (Libby Kegler). She is the daughter of Judy Garland.
1945 Goldie Hawn American Oscar-winning actress. Film: Cactus Flower (1969, Oscar) and Private Benjamin (1980). TV: Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In.
1940 Dr. John (Malcolm Rebennack), American Grammy-winning musician, Walk on Guilded Splinters (1968), Iko Iko (1972), and Right Place, Wrong Time (1973), Makin' Whoopee (1989, Grammy). As a child, he was pictured on Ivory Soap packages.
1937 Marlo Thomas (Margaret Thomas), American Emmy-Grammy-winning actress. TV: That Girl (1966-71, Ann Marie). She serves as National Outreach Director for St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, which was founded by her father, Danny Thomas (1962).
1920 Stan Musial d. 2013 (Stanisław Franciszek Musiał), American Hall of Fame baseball legend, "Stan the Man." He was the first three-time winner of the Most Valuable Player Award (1943, 46, 48).
1854 Benedict XV d. 1922 Italian religious leader, 258th Pope (1914-22).
Deaths for November 21
American convicted killer, known as the Birdman of Alcatraz. He became an expert on bird diseases while spending 44 years in solitary confinement. He discovered a cure for the hemorrhagic septicemia family of diseases in birds. Writings: Diseases of Canaries (1933).
2011 Ann McCaffrey b. 1926 American-born Irish Hugo Award-winning Science Fiction Hall of Fame writer, author of the Dragonriders of Penn series. She was the first woman to win a Hugo award for science fiction.
1993 Bill Bixby b. 1934 American actor. TV: My Favorite Martian (reporter Tim O'Hara), The Courtship of Eddie's Father (Eddie's father), and The Incredible Hulk (David Banner - You don't want to make him mad).
1988 Carl Hubbell b. 1903 American baseball hall-of-famer. He won 253 games with the N.Y. Giants.
1982 Lee Patrick b. 1901 American actress. Film: The Maltese Falcon (1941, Sam Spade's secretary).
1899 Garret Augustus Hobart b. 1844 24th U.S. Vice-President (1897-99).
1555 Georgius Agricola b. 1494 German scholar, the "Father of Mineralogy." His writings served as a guide for metallurgist for over 200 years.
496 Saint Gelasius I b. ???? African-born religious leader, 49th Pope (492-496).